Copyright Royalty Board (CRB), Library of Congress.
Final rule; cost of living adjustment.
The Copyright Royalty Judges announce a cost of living adjustment (COLA) in the royalty rates that commercial and noncommercial noninteractive webcasters pay for eligible transmissions pursuant to the statutory licenses for the public performance of and for the making of ephemeral reproductions of sound recordings.
Effective date: January 1, 2019.
Applicability dates: These rates are applicable to the period January 1, 2019, through December 31, 2019.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Anita Blaine, CRB Program Assistant, by telephone at (202) 707-7658 or by email at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Sections 112(e) and 114(f) of the Copyright Act, title 17 of the United States Code, create statutory licenses for certain digital performances of sound recordings and the making of ephemeral reproductions to facilitate transmission of those sound recordings. On May 2, 2016, the Copyright Royalty Judges (Judges) adopted final regulations governing the rates and terms of copyright royalty payments under those licenses for the license period 2016-2020 for performances of sound recordings via eligible transmissions by commercial and noncommercial noninteractive webcasters. See 81 FR 26316.
Pursuant to those regulations, at least 25 days before January 1 of each year from 2017 to 2020, the Judges shall publish in the Federal Register notice of a COLA applicable to the royalty fees for performances of sound recordings via eligible transmissions by commercial and noncommercial noninteractive webcasters. 37 CFR 380.10.
The adjustment in the royalty fee shall be based on a calculation of the percentage increase in the CPI-U from the CPI-U published in November 2015 (237.838), according to the formula (1 + (Cy−237.838)/237.838) × R2016, where Cy is the CPI-U published by the Secretary of Labor before December 1 of the preceding year and R2016 is the royalty rate for 2016; i.e., for commercial webcasters $0.0022 per subscription performance or $0.0017 per nonsubscription performance, or for noncommercial webcasters $0.0018 per performance for all digital audio transmissions in excess of 159,140 Aggregate Tuning Hours (ATH) in a month on a channel or station. The adjustment shall be rounded to the nearest fourth decimal place. 37 CFR 380.10(c). The CPI-U published by the Secretary of Labor from the most recent index published before December 1, 2018, is 252.885.
Applying the formula in 37 CFR 380.10(c) and rounding to the nearest fourth decimal place results in an increase in the rates for 2019.
The 2019 rate for eligible transmission of sound recordings by commercial webcasters is a rate of $0.0023 per subscription performance and a rate of $0.0018 per nonsubscription performance.
Application of the increase to rates for noncommercial webcasters results in a 2019 rate of $0.0019 per performance for all digital audio transmissions in excess of 159,140 ATH in a month on a channel or station.
As provided in 37 CFR 380.10(d), the royalty fee for making ephemeral recordings under section 112 of the Copyright Act to facilitate digital transmission of sound recordings under section 114 of the Copyright Act is included in the section 114 royalty fee and comprises 5% of the total fee.
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- Sound recordings
In consideration of the foregoing, the Judges amend part 380 of title 37 of the Code of Federal Regulations as follows:
PART 380—RATES AND TERMS FOR TRANSMISSIONS BY ELIGIBLE NONSUBSCRIPTION SERVICES AND NEW SUBSCRIPTION SERVICES AND FOR THE MAKING OF EPHEMERAL REPRODUCTIONS TO FACILITATE THOSE TRANSMISSIONS
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1. The authority citation for part 380 continues to read as follows: End Amendment Part
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2. Section 380.10 is amended by revising paragraph (a) to read as follows: End Amendment Part
Royalty fees for the public performance of sound recordings and the making of ephemeral recordings.
(a) Royalty fees. For the year 2019, Licensees must pay royalty fees for all Eligible Transmissions of sound recordings at the following rates:
(1) Commercial webcasters: $0.0023 per performance for subscription services and $0.0018 per performance for nonsubscription services.
(2) Noncommercial webcasters. $500 per year for each channel or station and $0.0019 per performance for all digital audio transmissions in excess of 159,140 ATH in a month on a channel or station.
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Suzanne M. Barnett,
Chief Copyright Royalty Judge.
[FR Doc. 2018-25908 Filed 11-27-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 1410-72-P