Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, Department of Commerce.
The Department of Commerce (Commerce) determines that certain imports of uncovered innerspring units (innersprings) exported from Macau, using materials and/or components sourced from the People's Republic of China (China), are circumventing the antidumping duty (AD) order on innersprings from China.
Applicable December 21, 2018.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Matthew Renkey, AD/CVD Operations, Office V, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-2312.
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On August 21, 2018, Commerce published the Preliminary Determination 
of circumvention of the Order.
A summary of the events that occurred since Commerce published the Preliminary Determination, as well as a full discussion of the issues raised by parties for this final determination, may be found in the Issues and Decision Memorandum.
The Issues and Decision Memorandum is a public document and is on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance's Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). ACCESS is available to registered users at http://access.trade.gov, and it is available to all parties in the Central Records Unit, Room B8024 of the main Start Printed Page 65627Commerce building. In addition, a complete version of the Issues and Decision Memorandum can be accessed directly at http://enforcement.trade.gov/frn/. The signed and electronic versions of the Issues and Decision Memorandum are identical in content.
Scope of the Order
The products covered by the Order are uncovered innerspring units. For a complete description of the scope of the Order, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum.
Scope of the Anti-Circumvention Inquiry
The products covered by this inquiry are innersprings that are manufactured in Macau by the Macao Commercial Group 
with Chinese-origin components and materials and are then subsequently exported from Macau to the United States.
Commerce is conducting this anti-circumvention inquiry in accordance with section 781(b) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act). For a full description of the methodology underlying the Commerce's final determination, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum.
Analysis of Comments Received
All issues raised in the case and rebuttal briefs by parties in this inquiry are addressed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum. A list of the issues raised is attached to this notice as an Appendix. Based on our analysis of the comments received, we made no changes to the Preliminary Determination.
Final Affirmative Determination of Circumvention
As detailed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum, we determine that innersprings exported from Macau to the United States, which were assembled or completed in Macau by Macao Commercial and Industrial Spring Mattress Manufacturer (Macao Commercial) and the other companies that are part of the Macao Commercial Group, used materials and/or components from China and are circumventing the Order. Therefore, we determine that it is appropriate to include this merchandise within the Order and to instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to continue to suspend any entries of innersprings from Macau, which were manufactured in Macao by the Macao Commercial Group.
Continuation of Suspension of Liquidation
In accordance with 19 CFR 351.225(l)(3), Commerce will direct CBP to continue to suspend liquidation and to require a cash deposit of estimated duties on unliquidated entries innersprings assembled or completed by the Macao Commercial Group in Macau from Chinese-origin components and/or materials that were entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after November 22, 2016, the date of initiation of the anti-circumvention inquiry.
The suspension of liquidation instructions will remain in effect until further notice. Commerce will instruct CBP to require AD cash deposits equal to the China-wide rate of 234.51 percent, unless the importer/exporter can demonstrate to CBP that the Chinese-origin innersprings assembled or completed in Macau by the Macao Commercial Group were supplied by a Chinese manufacturer with a separate rate. In that instance, the cash deposit rate will be the rate of the Chinese innersprings manufacturer that has its own rate.
Notification Regarding Administrative Protective Orders
This notice will serve as the only reminder to parties subject to administrative protective order (APO) of their responsibility concerning the destruction of proprietary information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(a)(3). Timely written notification of return/destruction or APO materials or conversion to judicial protective order is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and the terms of an APO is a sanctionable violation.
Notification to Interested Parties
These determinations are issued and published in accordance with section 781(b) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.225(f).
Dated: December 14, 2018.
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Operations, performing the non-exclusive functions and duties of the Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.
List of Topics Discussed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum
III. Scope of the Order
IV. Scope of the Anti-circumvention Inquiry
V. Changes Since the Preliminary Determination
VI. Statutory Framework
VII. Statutory Analysis
VIII. Discussion of the Issues
Comment 1: Whether the Application of Partial Adverse Facts Available Is Appropriate
Comment 2: Whether the Nature of the Production Process and the Extent of the Production Facilities in Macau Are Substantial
Comment 3: Whether Macao Commercial's Level of Research and Development in Macau Is Substantial
Comment 4: Whether Increased U.S. Imports of Innersprings from Macao and Increased Macanese Imports of Steel Wire from China Are Indicative of Circumvention
Comment 5: Macao Commercial's Use of Non-Chinese Origin Steel Wire
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[FR Doc. 2018-27677 Filed 12-20-18; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P