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Joint Industry Plan; Notice of Filing of the Eighteenth Amendment to the National Market System Plan To Address Extraordinary Market Volatility by Cboe BYX Exchange, Inc., Cboe BZX Exchange, Inc., Cboe EDGA Exchange, Inc., Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc., Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., Investors Exchange LLC, NASDAQ BX, Inc., NASDAQ PHLX LLC, The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, NYSE National, Inc., New York Stock Exchange LLC, NYSE American LLC, and NYSE Arca, Inc.

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Start Preamble Start Printed Page 66464 December 18, 2018.

I. Introduction

On November 5, 2018, NYSE Group, Inc., on behalf of the following parties to the National Market System Plan to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility (“the Plan”): [1] Cboe BZX Exchange, Inc., Cboe BYX Exchange, Inc., Cboe EDGA Exchange, Inc., Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc., Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”), Investors Exchange LLC, NASDAQ BX, Inc., NASDAQ PHLX LLC, The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC (“Nasdaq”), New York Stock Exchange LLC (“NYSE”), NYSE Arca, Inc., NYSE National Inc., and NYSE American LLC (collectively, the “Participants”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) pursuant to Section 11A(a)(3) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Exchange Act”) [2] and Rule 608 thereunder,[3] a proposal to amend the Plan (“Eighteenth Amendment”).[4] The proposal reflects changes unanimously approved by the Participants. The Eighteenth Amendment proposes to: (i) Amend Section VIII of the Plan to transition the Plan from operating on a pilot to a permanent basis; (ii) adopt a mechanism for periodic review and assessment of the Plan; (iii) eliminate the doubling of the Percentage Parameters [5] between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m.; [6] and (iv) eliminate the doubling of the Percentage Parameters between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close, for Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price above $3.00., as discussed below. A copy of the Plan, as proposed to be amended is attached as Exhibit A hereto. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments from interested persons on the Eighteenth Amendment.[7]

II. Description of the Plan

Set forth in this Section II is the statement of the purpose and summary of the Eighteenth Amendment, along with the information required by Rule 608(a)(4) and (5) under the Exchange Act,[8] substantially prepared and submitted by the Participants to the Commission.[9]

A. Statement of Purpose and Summary of the Plan Amendment

The Participants filed the Plan with the Commission on April 5, 2011 to create a market-wide limit up-limit down mechanism intended to address extraordinary market volatility in NMS Stocks, as defined in Rule 600(b)(47) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.[10] The Plan sets forth procedures that provide for market-wide limit up-limit down requirements to prevent trades in individual NMS Stocks from occurring outside of the specified Price Bands. These limit up-limit down requirements are coupled with Trading Pauses, as defined in Section I(Y) of the Plan, to accommodate more fundamental price moves. In particular, the Participants adopted this Plan to address extraordinary volatility in the securities markets, i.e., significant fluctuations in individual securities' prices over a short period of time, such as those experienced during the “Flash Crash” on the afternoon of May 6, 2010.

As set forth in more detail in the Plan, all Trading Centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to comply with the limit up-limit down requirements specified in the Plan. More specifically, the single plan processor (“Processors”) responsible for consolidation of information for an NMS Stock pursuant to Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act is responsible for calculating and disseminating a lower Price Band and upper Price Band, as provided for in Section V of the Plan. Section VI of the Plan sets forth the limit up-limit down requirements of the Plan, and in particular, that all Trading Centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent trades at prices that are below the lower Price Band or above the upper Price Band for an NMS Stock, consistent with the Plan.Start Printed Page 66465

As set forth in Section V of the Plan, the Price Bands consist of a Lower Price Band and an Upper Price Band for each NMS Stock. The Price Bands are calculated by the Processor responsible for consolidation of information for an NMS Stock pursuant to Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Act.[11] Those Price Bands are based on a Reference Price for each NMS Stock that equals the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the immediately preceding five-minute period. The Price Bands for an NMS Stock are calculated by applying the Percentage Parameter for such NMS Stock to the Reference Price, with the Lower Price Band being a Percentage Parameter below the Reference Price, and the Upper Price Band being a Percentage Parameter above the Reference Price. Between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. and 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close, the Price Bands are calculated by applying double the Percentage Parameters.

The Processors also calculate a Pro-Forma Reference Price for each NMS Stock on a continuous basis during Regular Trading Hours. If a Pro-Forma Reference Price does not move by one percent or more from the Reference Price in effect, no new Price Bands are disseminated, and the current Reference Price remains the effective Reference Price. If the Pro-Forma Reference Price moves by one percent or more from the Reference Price in effect, the Pro-Forma Reference Price becomes the Reference Price, and the Processors disseminates new Price Bands based on the new Reference Price. Each new Reference Price remains in effect for at least 30 seconds. When the other side of the market reaches the applicable Price Band, the market for an individual security enters a Limit State, and the Processors are required to disseminate such National Best Offer or National Best Bid with an appropriate flag identifying it as a Limit State Quotation. All trading immediately enters a Limit State if the National Best Offer equals the lower Price Band and does not cross the National Best Bid, or the National Best Bid equals the upper Price Band and does not cross the National Best Offer. Trading for an NMS Stock exits a Limit State if, within 15 seconds of entering the Limit State, all Limit State Quotations were executed or canceled in their entirety.

With respect to Trading Pauses, Section VII(A)(1) of the Plan provides that if trading for an NMS Stock does not exit a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry during Regular Trading Hours, the Primary Listing Exchange declares a Trading Pause for such NMS Stock and shall notify the Processor. Section VII(B)(1) of the Plan further provides that five minutes after declaring a Trading Pause for an NMS Stock, and if the Primary Listing Exchange has not declared a Regulatory Halt, the Primary Listing Exchange shall attempt to reopen trading using its established procedures and the Trading Pause shall end when the Primary Listing Exchange reports a Reopening Price. Section VII(B)(3) of the Plan provides that Trading Centers may not resume trading in an NMS Stock following a Trading Pause without Price Bands in such NMS Stock.

The Plan was initially approved for a one-year pilot period, which began on April 8, 2013.[12] Accordingly, the pilot period was scheduled to end on April 8, 2014. As initially contemplated, the Plan would have been fully implemented across all NMS Stocks within six months of initial Plan operations, which meant there would have been full implementation of the Plan for six months before the end of the pilot period. However, pursuant to the fourth amendment to the Plan,[13] the Participants modified the implementation schedule of Phase II of the Plan to extend the time period as to when the Plan would fully apply to all NMS Stocks. Accordingly, the Plan was not implemented across all NMS Stocks until December 8, 2013. Pursuant to the sixth amendment to the Plan,[14] which further modified the implementation schedule of Phase II of the Plan, the date for full implementation of the Plan was moved to February 24, 2014. Pursuant to the seventh, ninth, tenth, and thirteenth amendments to the Plan,[15] the pilot period was extended from April 8, 2014 to February 20, 2015, from February 20, 2015 to April 22, 2016, from April 22, 2016 to April 17, 2017, from April 17, 2017 to April 16, 2018, and from April 16, 2018 to April 15, 2019.

The Participants now propose to: (i) Amend Section VIII of the Plan to transition the Plan from operating on a pilot to a permanent basis; (ii) adopt a mechanism for periodic review and assessment of the Plan; (iii) eliminate the doubling of the Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m.; and (iv) eliminate the doubling of the Percentage Parameters between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close, for Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price above $3.00.

The Plan Should Operate on a Permanent Basis

As mentioned above, the Plan was designed to prevent potentially harmful price volatility in NMS Stocks, including the kind of volatility experienced during the market disruption that occurred on May 6, 2010, often referred to as the “Flash Crash”. Among other things, the prices of a large number of individual securities suddenly declined by significant amounts in a very short time period, before suddenly reversing to prices consistent with their pre-decline levels. This severe price volatility led to a large number of trades being executed at temporarily depressed prices, including many that were more than 60% away from pre-decline prices and were broken by the exchanges and FINRA. Occasionally a sudden and unanticipated price movement, unrelated to a security's fundamental and/or fair value, can be so drastic that market orders and stop loss orders face an increased risk of being executed at prices far away from their fundamental and/or fair values. Such extreme volatility causing significant fluctuations in an individual security`s price over short periods of time can undermine the integrity of the securities market. Key features of the Plan—Price Bands, Trading Pauses, and Limit States—are intended to reduce the frequency of these large, transitory price movements.

The Plan was implemented in phases beginning on April 8, 2013.[16] Prior to the operation of the Plan, each Participant adopted uniform rules on a pilot basis in response to the market events of May 6, 2010 that paused Start Printed Page 66466trading in individual securities during times of price volatility (“Single-Stock Circuit Breaker” or “SSCB”).[17] The SSCB rules were an earlier attempt to address extraordinary market volatility under which a Participant paused an individual security for five minutes across all exchanges if the security experienced a 10% change in price over the preceding five minutes.[18] The SSCB pilot mechanism was later replaced by the Plan, which is a more finely calibrated mechanism to address extraordinary price volatility.[19] Specifically and unlike SSCB wherein a security was halted only after three trades at an extreme price, the Plan's mechanism suspends trading before such execution occurs.

The Plan was approved on a pilot basis to allow the Participants and the public to gain valuable practical experience with the Plan's operations during the pilot period. This experience has proven instructive to the Participants and the public in assessing whether further modifications to the Plan were necessary and whether the Plan should operate on a permanent basis. During the pilot period, the Participants provided the Commission and the public [20] with a significant amount of data bearing on the Plan's performance to aid in an assessment of its operations. Based on the Plan's performance, the Participants now propose to implement the Plan on a permanent basis. The Participants believe that the Plan has been beneficial to the national market system by serving to dampen price volatility and prevent unwarranted Trading Pauses that are unrelated to volatility, as intended. Therefore, the Participants believe that the Plan should be approved to operate on a permanent basis.

The data collected during the pilot period and numerous studies conducted by the Participants and the Commission's Department of Economic and Risk Analysis (“DERA”) have shown that the Plan has been beneficial to the markets by serving to dampen price volatility. For instance, DERA issued a number of papers studying the operation of the Plan. In one paper, DERA described their study of the Plan's effect on extraordinary transitory volatility and found evidence that the Plan's mechanism reduced extraordinary transitory volatility relative to the prior SSCB mechanism depending on which methodology was employed.[21] In particular, DERA found evidence that the magnitude of the largest price reversals that occurred each day for both Tier 1 and Tier 2 NMS Stocks were smaller during the Plan time period than during the SSCB Pilot time period or the time period before the SSCB Pilot went into effect. DERA also found evidence that the frequency of moderate price reversal decreased during the eight week phase-in implementation during which Tier 1 NMS Stocks were subject to the Plan and Tier 2 NMS Stocks were subject to the SSCB mechanism.

Moreover, pursuant to the Plan's requirements,[22] the Participants provided the Commission with an assessment relating to the impact of the Plan and calibration of the Percentage Parameters on May 28, 2015.[23] In performing the Joint Assessment, the Participants, in conjunction with a third party consultant, studied data from each exchange and FINRA for the time period from the implementation of the Plan on April 2012 through December 2014. The Participants studied the impact of approaching Price Bands on limit order books, the Plan's impact on erroneous executions, appropriateness of Percentage Parameters, length of Limit States, concerns by options market participants regarding limit states, the process for entering Limit States and the impact of Straddle States, exiting Limit States, as well as the length of Trading Pauses and the reopening process.

Based on the data analyzed, the Supplemental Joint Assessment found that the Plan has been largely effective at reducing the negative impacts of sudden, unanticipated price movements in NMS Stocks, thereby protecting investors and promoting a fair and orderly market. In particular, the data in the Supplemental Joint Assessment had shown that the Price Bands dampened price volatility by keeping prices within the Price Bands. For instance, the data in the Supplemental Joint Assessment showed that even in the cases where a Limit State is reached, a majority (63.3%) of those Limit States naturally resolved themselves within one second without triggering a Trading Pause.[24] Only 4.08% of Limit States resulted in a Trading Pause.[25] The data in the Supplemental Joint Assessment further showed that the Percentage Parameters used to determine the width of the Price Bands were reasonably designed to ensure that they were not too wide as to permit trades to occur at prices that do not properly reflect supply and demand, and not too narrow as to cause excessive disruptions, inhibiting the price discovery process.[26] In reaching this conclusion, the Supplemental Joint Assessment examined, among other things, the frequency distribution of intraday stock returns to gain insight on reasonable price moves that could take place within a day as well as frequency of Reference Price changes. Based on this study, the Supplemental Joint Assessment stated that the “relative rarity of large price updates of comparable magnitude to the wider Price Bands indicate that the Price Bands could be narrowed substantially without causing undue restrictions on trading.” [27] The Supplemental Joint Assessment also examined minute by minute changes in stock prices to examine short-term price reversals for the month of October 2014, the most volatile month in the sample period. It further found the five minute time period within which Reference Prices are calculated provided a representative measure of price trends on which to base such calculation.[28]

The data in the Supplemental Joint Assessment also showed that the length of Limit States is clearly adequate for the markets in individual stocks to revert to normal market condition. The Start Printed Page 66467Supplemental Joint Assessment observed that over 99% of the Limit States in stocks with a market capitalization of over $1 billion resolved themselves without a Trading Pause, and the vast majority of them were resolved in one second.[29] The same general pattern was also true for small capitalization NMS Stocks.

In its conclusion, the Supplemental Joint Assessment found that cancellation events decreased significantly under the Plan and that the Plan's parameters are successful in preventing trades from occurring outside of the Price Bands, avoiding the types of mispriced trades that resulted in the Flash Crash.[30] However, the Supplemental Joint Assessment expressed concern regarding potential disruption in the price discovery process around the opening of trading due to the possible calculation of an inaccurate Reference Price, which may trigger Limit States or Trading Pauses for reasons unrelated to the market for the security. Therefore, the Supplemental Joint Assessment recommended that the previous day's closing price be used as the Reference Price where there are no trades in the opening auction. Based on these findings, the Supplemental Joint Assessment recommended that the Plan be made permanent with the one modification to the Reference Price calculation,[31] which the Participants later adopted in Amendment No. 10 discussed below.

Notwithstanding the Plan's positive impact on the markets, the Participants continued to monitor the scope and operation of the Plan during the pilot period. As a result, the Participants identified two areas of the Plan that needed improvement; namely, the calculation of Reference Prices during the opening of trading and the performance of the reopening process following a Trading Pause. As a result, the Participants filed Amendments Nos. 10 and 12 to the Plan proposing modifications that the Participants deemed necessary and appropriate to improve the Plan's performance in these two areas.

Amendment No. 10. First, in Amendment No. 10, the Participants amended the Plan to modify the definition of Opening Price, which is used to determine the first Reference Price of the day.[32] Prior to Amendment No. 10, the Opening Price was defined as the first trade or the midpoint of the Primary Listing Exchange's best bid and offer where the Primary Listing Exchange opened with a quotation, if such Opening Price occurred within the first five minutes of the start of Regular Trading Hours. Amendment No. 10 changed the definition of Opening Price where the Primary Listing Exchange opens with a quotation from the midpoint of that quotation to the previous day's official closing price. In proposing Amendment No. 10, the Participants noted that the midpoint of the bid and offer often resulted in an unrealistic Reference Price [33] where a security opens on quotes that are extremely wide or improperly skewed. The Participants noted that this could, in turn, trigger Limit States and Trading Pauses at inaccurate price levels.[34]

The revised definition of Opening Price in Amendment No. 10 altered the determination of a security's first Reference Price when that security does not trade in an opening auction in an effort to reduce the incidence of unnecessary price moves and reduce the number of unwarranted [35] Trading Pauses and Limit States during the commencement of Regular Trading Hours.

Amendment No. 10 improved the operation of the Plan. Since its implementation on July 18, 2016, Amendment No. 10 reduced the number of unwarranted Trading Pauses and Limit States during the commencement of Regular Trading Hours as intended. Chart A sets forth the number of Trading Pauses in all NMS Stocks across all Primary Listing Exchanges from January 4, 2016 through August 30, 2018. The data in Chart A illustrates the decrease in Trading Pauses for all NMS Stocks in the time since Amendment No. 10 was implemented in July 2016. Trading Pauses dropped from an average of 64.4 per day to an average of 9.2 per after Amendment No. 10 was implemented.

Start Printed Page 66468

Further, as evidenced by the data in Chart B, Trading Pauses in ETPs declined from 13.7 per day to 2.2 per day since Amendment No. 10 was implemented.

Start Printed Page 66469

In addition, DERA issued a white paper studying the impact of Amendment No. 10 and found that Trading Pauses for both Tier 1 and Tier 2 NMS Stocks were less frequent following the implementation of the amendment.[36] DERA found that the “decrease in the frequency of Trading Pauses was largest for Tier 2 securities, relative to Tier 1, and also larger in the first 30 minutes after the opening of the trading day.” [37] In particular, from May 12, 2014 (the day Phase 2 of the Plan was implemented) to December 31, 2016, DERA found that the number of Trading Pauses decreased by nearly 80%.[38] Since the implementation of Amendment No. 10, DERA found a further decrease in Trading Pauses, with the largest decrease occurring prior to 10:00 a.m. As evidenced by the above data and DERA's study, Amendment No. 10 improved the performance of the Plan during the commencement of trading by refining the selection method of an NMS Stock's Reference Price, resulting in a decrease in the number of Trading Pauses at the open.

Amendments Nos. 12 and 13. On August 24, 2015, the U.S. markets experienced extraordinary equities market volatility in which 257 securities triggered more than one halt, and those multi-halt securities accounted for 1,064 of the 1,278 total halts.[39] Following this event, the Participants focused on a method to improve the accuracy of the reopening price so as to avoid triggering repeated Trading Pauses and adopted a set of common elements across all Primary Listing Exchanges for automated reopenings. The overarching objective was to ensure consistent and standardized behavior across markets, while carefully balancing Halt Auction price quality and the speed with which continuous trading can be resumed.

The process of reopening a security after a Trading Pause prior to Amendment No. 12, provided that the Primary Listing Exchange would attempt to open the paused symbol five minutes after the commencement of the pause and, if unsuccessful, again 10 minutes later. If the Primary Listing Market was unable to reopen 10 minutes after the commencement of the pause, other markets were permitted to resume trading that symbol. Amendment No. 12 improved and standardized the automated reopening process following a Trading Pause. The Primary Listing Exchanges also adopted rules revising their automated reopening processes following a Trading Pause consistent with Amendment No. 12.[40]

Under the original reopening process after a Trading Pause, the Primary Listing Exchange would attempt to open the paused symbol at five minutes and then again at 10 minutes after the initial Start Printed Page 66470pause. If the Primary Listing Market was unable to reopen at 10 minutes under its own auction rules (e.g., a market order imbalance was remaining or the auction clearing price is outside of the auction collar bands), other markets were permitted to resume trading that symbol. Amendment No. 12 changed this reopening process by generally requiring a Primary Listing Exchange to conduct a reopening auction prior to trade resumption by other Trading Centers. Specifically, Amendment No. 12 provided that, if the Primary Listing Exchange is unable to reopen after 10 minutes following a Trading Pause, non-primary markets would no longer be allowed to resume trading. Instead, Amendment No. 12 required that the Trading Pause continue until the Primary Listing Exchange reopens and non-primary exchanges have received Price Bands from the Processor.

In tandem with Amendment No. 12, the Primary Listing Exchanges amended their rules to harmonize certain aspects of their automated re-opening procedures following a Trading Pause. The amended rules require that the Primary Listing Exchange publish auction price collars, which use a Reference Price based on the upper or lower Price Band that triggered the Trading Pause.[41] The initial Trading Pause remains in effect for a full five minute period. If the Primary Listing Exchange is unable to reopen, a second full five minute Trading Pause begins and the auction price collar will be widened by another 5% (based on the last Reference Price. Price collars will be widened with each extension. Subsequent Trading Pause time periods also have a five minute duration, however re-openings after the initial 10 minutes can occur whenever the re-opening criteria have been met, without waiting for a full five minutes. In the event a Trading Pause is in effect and trading has not resumed by 3:50 p.m., trading in the NMS Stock will be deferred until 4:00 p.m. and combined with the closing auction process at each exchange.

To preclude potential scenarios when trading may resume without Price Bands, Amendment No. 12 also prohibits a Trading Center from resuming trading in an NMS Stock following a Trading Pause in the absence of Price Bands. In addition, to address potential scenarios in which there is no Reopening Price from the Primary Listing Exchange to use to calculate Price Bands, Amendment No. 12 also addressed when trading may resume if the Primary Listing Exchange is unable to reopen due to a systems or technology issue. Lastly, Amendment No. 12 also addressed how an NMS Stock's Reference Price would be determined in such a scenario as well as where the Primary Listing Exchange reopens trading on a zero bid or zero offer, or both. The Participants subsequently submitted Amendment No. 13 to build upon Amendment No. 12 by providing that the Processor will publish the following information provided by a Primary Listing Exchange in connection with the reopening of trading following a Trading Pause: Auction reference price; upper auction collar; lower auction collar; and number of extensions to the reopening auction. This information provides greater transparency regarding the price range in which an NMS Stock can reopen and the elapsed time duration of the reopening process.

The Commission-empaneled Equity Structure Advisory Committee (“EMSAC”) tasked its Market Quality Subcommittee to examine the events of August 24, 2015 and to recommend changes as needed. Like the Participants, the Market Quality Subcommittee (“Subcommittee”) studied mechanisms and functions that “could fix the auction process so that it would more successfully re-price securities to its new fair range.” [42] The Subcommittee recommended that, instead of halting trading when a stock hits a Price Band as provided in the Plan, trading should continue within the current Price Bands for four minutes and then new Price Bands should be reset using the limit Price Band as the Reference Price for those Price Bands. Several members of the Subcommittee were also members of the Plan's Advisory Committee and the Subcommittee recommendations were discussed over a number of Operating Committee meetings on fixing the auction process. The Participants raised concerns that continued trading at the Price Bands would expose retail investors to disadvantageous pricing and determined to address the reopening auction process as described in Amendment No. 12.[43]

The changes adopted by the Primary Listing Exchanges to extend the Trading Pause and widen the Reopening Auction Collar on the side of the Impermissible Price set forth a measured approach to provide additional time to attract offsetting interest, to help to address an imbalance that may not be resolved within the prior Halt Auction Collars, and to reduce the potential for triggering another Trading Pause.

Conclusion. As supported by the above data and the Plan's overall performance, the Plan has proved to be a valuable tool in dampening and preventing extreme price volatility. Therefore, the Participants believe that the above data justifies the Plan being approved to operate on a permanent, rather than pilot, basis. Operation of the Plan on a permanent basis would provide market participants with greater assurance regarding the ongoing operation of the Plan and application of controls reasonably designed to stifle extraordinary price volatility.

The Plan has been in effect for over five years since it commenced operation on April 18, 2013. The improvements made to the Plan in Amendments Nos. 10, 12, and 13 have been in place in since July 18, 2016 (for Amendment No. 10) and November 20, 2017 (for Amendments Nos. 12 and 13). In Amendment No. 17 to the Plan, the Participants extended the pilot period until April 15, 2019 to provide additional time for the public, the Participants, and the Commission to assess the operation of Amendment No. 12. The extension of the pilot period was also intended to provide additional time for the Participants, the Commission, and the public to consider other potential modifications to the Plan, including changes to how NMS Stocks are tiered under the Plan, and the applicable Percentage Parameters associated with such tiers, as well as the EMSAC recommendations.

Since the implementation of Amendment Nos. 10, 12, and 13, the U.S. equity markets have not experienced a disruption similar to what had occurred on August 24, 2015, with stable price continuity occurring at the open and following reopenings after a Trading Pause. Nonetheless, the amended Plan has worked well during normal market conditions as well as the volatile market activity that occurred in February 2018. The Plan met the expectations of the Pilot by preventing unwarranted Trading Pauses that are unrelated to volatility while also Start Printed Page 66471reducing the negative impacts of sudden, unanticipated price movements in NMS Stocks, as evidenced by the above data. Amendment No. 10 has served to greatly reduce the potential for a Reference Price to invoke an unwarranted Trading Pause. The Participants also believe that Amendment No. 12 will continue to perform as expected and will do so during times of potential future market volatility. In addition, the Participants propose to adopt a mechanism for the periodic review and assessment of the Plan's performance discussed below. That assessment would encompass an ongoing review of the Plan's operation generally, including the effectiveness of Amendments Nos. 12 and 13.

The Participants believe that the five year pilot period has provided a robust sample size for “the public, the Participants, and the Commission to assess the operation of the Plan and whether the Plan should be modified prior to approval on a permanent basis.” [44] In particular, this time has also allowed the public, the Participants, and the Commission time to assess the operation of the Plan as amended by Amendment Nos. 10 and 12. The Participants believe that the amended Plan has positively impacted the markets by meeting its intended goal, to dampen and prevent extreme price volatility, and should therefore be approved to operate on a permanent basis.

Proposed Mechanism for Periodic Review and Assessment

As part of its proposal to operate the Plan on a permanent basis, the Participants propose a periodic reporting mechanism by which they, along with the Commission and other market participants may continue to monitor the Plan's ongoing operation. The proposed structure would allow for the continued evaluation of the Plan's performance while accounting for an evolving market structure. The proposed mechanism would also ensure that the Plan continues to be monitored in a data-driven manner by requiring data, analyses and reporting on a periodic basis. The proposed mechanism would provide transparency into the effectiveness of the Plan and allow the public and the Commission to examine its ongoing performance.

Appendix B of the Plan currently requires that the Participants collect and transmit to the Commission certain information on a monthly basis, to be provided 30 calendar days following month end. Unless otherwise specified in Appendix B, the Primary Listing Exchanges are responsible for collecting and transmitting the data to the SEC. In sum, Sections I and II of Appendix B of the Plan require the Participants to produce the following data to the Commission as set forth in the Plan:

  • Summary statistics concerning the frequency with which NMS Stocks enter a Limit State and when a Trading Pause has been declared for an NMS Stock;
  • Raw Data concerning a record of every Straddle State, Price Band, Limit State, Trading Pause or halt;
  • Data set of orders entered into reopening auctions during halts or Trading Pauses;
  • Data set of order events received during Limit States; and,
  • Summary data on order flow of arrivals and cancellations for each 15-second period for discrete time periods and sample stocks to be determined by the SEC in subsequent data requests.

The Plan also includes a provision under Appendix B, Section III that required the Participants to produce a one-time report to the Commission relating to the impact of the Plan and calibration of the Percentage Parameters, as discussed above. The Participants produced that report to the Commission on May 25, 2015.[45] As part of its proposal to operate the Plan on a permanent basis, the Participants propose to replace the current reporting provision under Appendix B, Section III with a reporting mechanism by which the performance of the Plan would be reviewed and assessed on an ongoing basis.

As described earlier, Appendix B, Section III of the Plan required the Participants to provide the Commission at least two months prior to the end of the initial pilot period with an assessment relating to the impact of the Plan and calibration of the Percentage Parameters.[46] The Participants submitted their Supplemental Joint Assessment on May 28, 2015.[47]

As part of its proposal to implement the Plan on a permanent basis, the Participants propose to replace these data reporting requirements with a mechanism by which the Participants would periodically review and assess the performance of the Plan.

Data Provision. The Participants believe that regular, ongoing provision of data to the Commission is no longer necessary as public information provided in standard data products provides much of the information currently required by Appendix B.I and B.II.A through B.II.D. With respect to the data that is not publicly available, the Participants propose that the Plan would require the Participants to provide certain data listed below to the Commission upon request.

As proposed, the Commission may request from the Primary Listing Exchanges the following data elements:

A. Data set of all orders entered during halts or Trading Pauses

1. Normal or Auction Only orders, Arrivals, Changes, Cancels, # shares, limit/market, side, Limit State side

2. Pipe delimited with field name as first record

B. Data set of order events received during Limit States

C. Summary data on order flow of arrivals and cancellations for each 15-second period for discrete time periods and sample stocks to be determined by the SEC in subsequent data requests. Must indicate side(s) of Limit State

1. Market/marketable sell orders arrivals and executions

a. Count

b. Shares

c. Shares executed

2. Market/marketable buy orders arrivals and executions

a. Count

b. Shares

c. Shares executed

3. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit sell orders above NBBO mid-point

4. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit sell orders at or below NBBO mid-point (non-marketable)

5. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit buy orders at or above NBBO mid-point (non-marketable)

6. Count arriving, volume arriving and shares executing in limit buy orders below NBBO mid-point

7. Count and volume arriving of limit sell orders priced at or above NBBO mid-point plus $0.05

8. Count and volume arriving of limit buy orders priced at or below NBBO mid-point minus $0.05

9. Count and volume of (3-8) for cancels

10. Include: Ticker, date, time at start, time of Limit State, all data item fields in 1, last sale prior to 15-second period (null if no trades today), range during 15-second period, last trade during 15-second period.

These data elements are substantially similar to that currently required to be Start Printed Page 66472produced monthly under Appendix B.II.E through G. The only difference is that amended Appendix B.I.A would require data for all orders entered during a halt or Trading Pause as well as identifying whether an order was an auction-eligible order. The requested data would be collected and transmitted to the Commission in an agreed-upon format, and would be provided 30 calendar days following the date of the request, or such other date as agreed upon by the Commission and Primary Listing Exchange(s). As is the case today, the proposed data collected and provided to the Commission under the Plan would be transmitted to the Commission with a request for confidential treatment under the Freedom of Information Act. 5 U.S.C. 552, and the Commission's rules and regulations thereunder.[48] The proposed data collection requirements under Appendix B.I would expire at the time the above data becomes available via the National Market System Plan Governing the Consolidated Audit Trail or becomes publicly available.

Reporting. The Participants propose to provide the Commission, and make publicly available, three categories of reports concerning the Plan's ongoing operation on either a periodic or ad hoc basis, as described below. Specifically, the Participants propose to submit to the Commission an annual report assessing the Plan's performance, quarterly reports providing basic statistics, as well as an ad hoc report on the effectiveness of LULD following a significant market event if requested by the Commission. The Participants would perform the proposed ongoing assessment and reporting concerning the Plan's performance based on an empirical analysis of relevant data. Each report proposed herein and provided to the Commission would be made publicly available and published on the Plan's website.

Annual Report. As amended, Appendix B, Section III of the Plan would require that by no later than March 31, 2020 and annually thereafter, the Operating Committee would provide the Commission and make publicly available a report containing key information concerning the Plan's performance during the preceding calendar year (“Annual Report”). The proposed Annual Report would be produced in consultation with the Advisory Committee and include the following items: (i) An update on the Plan's operations; (ii) an analysis of any amendments to the Plan implemented during the period covered by the report; and (iii) an analysis of potential material emerging issues that may directly impact the operation of the Plan.

  • Update on the Plan's Operations. This section of the Annual Report would analyze the Plan's operation during the covered period, including a discussion of any areas of the Plan's operation that require additional analysis. In particular, this section of the Annual Report would examine the calibration of the parameters set forth in the Plan (e.g., Price Bands, duration of Limit States, impact of Straddle States, duration of Trading Pauses, and the performance of reopening procedures following a Trading Pause). This section of the Annual Report also would consider stock characteristics and variations in market conditions over time, and will include tests that differentiate results for different characteristics, both in isolation and in combination.
  • Analysis of Amendments Implemented. This section of the Annual Report would provide an analysis of any amendments implemented during the covered period. The analysis would include a discussion of the amendment's operation and its impact on the overall operation of the Plan. For example, this section of the Annual Report would include an analysis of the amendments proposed herein to Section V.A. I of the Plan concerning the calculation of the Percentage Parameters should those changes be approved by the Commission and implemented by the Participants during the period covered by that Annual Report.
  • Analysis of Emerging Issues. This section of the Annual Report should vary from year-to-year and would include a discussion and analysis of the Plan's operation during a significant market event that may have occurred during the covered period. This section shall also include any additional analyses performed during the covered period on issues that were raised in previous Annual Reports. In this section of the first Annual Report to be produced by March 31, 2020, the Participants intend to discuss the November 29, 2016 recommendations made by EMSAC's Market Quality Subcommittee.[49]

The Participants would perform the proposed ongoing assessment and reporting concerning the Plan's performance based on an empirical analysis of relevant data. Any analysis conducted by the Participants and included in the Annual Report would be based on aggregated data from all relevant exchanges and FINRA, depending on the issue that is being analyzed. The Annual Report would be published on the Plan's website.[50]

Quarterly Data. 30 days following the end of each calendar quarter, the Participants would provide the Commission and make publicly available a report including basic statistics regarding the Plan's operation (“Monitoring Report”) during the preceding calendar quarter as well as aggregated data from the previous 12 quarters beginning with the calendar quarter covered by the first Monitoring Report. The data included in the Monitoring Report would be collected and transmitted to the Commission in an agreed-upon format that would allow for the download and analysis by the Commission and the public. The purpose of the Monitoring Report is to identify trends in the performance and impact of the Plan on market activity. The Monitoring Report would include data, for example, of the number and rate of recurrence of Limit States, Straddle States and Trading Pauses for each month during the calendar quarter. The Monitoring Report would also examine the number of Clearly Erroneous Executions that occur during the operation of the Plan and the performance of reopening procedures following a Trading Pause. Appendix B.II.B would require the quarterly data production to include the following data for each month during the preceding calendar quarter:

A. Events Data.Start Printed Page 66473

1. Number of Limit States, Trading Pauses, and Straddle States per day, including distribution statics such as the mean, median, minimum and maximum percentiles

2. Number of NMS Stocks that experience more than one Limit State, Trading Pause, or Straddle State in a single day including the length of each Limit State, Trading Pause, and Straddle State per day

B. The number of Clearly Erroneous Events per day for all NMS Stocks that occurred during the time when Price Bands are disseminated by the Processor

C. Reopening Data

1. Number of times an automated reopening process is extended for and the length of the Trading Pause

2. Whether the reopening process ended in a trade

3. The price calculated by an automated reopening process for an NMS Stock exiting a Trading Pause

4. For the five minutes following the conclusion of a Trading Pause, the highest price of all last sale eligible trades, the lowest price of all last sale eligible trades, and the average price of all last sale eligible trades

Appendix B.II.B would also require that the data production partition stocks by the following categories, which are identical to that currently required for the monthly data productions under the existing text to Appendix B.I.A.1.

A. Tier 1 non-ETP issues >$3.00

B. Tier 1 non-ETP issues >=$0.75 and =$3.00

C. Tier 1 non-ETP issues <$0.75

D. Tier 1 non-leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

E. Tier 1 leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

F. Tier 2 non-ETPs in each of above categories

G. Tier 2 non-leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

H. Tier 2 leveraged ETPs in each of above categories

Appendix B.II.B would also require that the above data be partitioned by time of day into the following categories, which are identical to that currently required for the monthly data productions under the existing text to Appendix B.I.A.2.

A. Opening (prior to 9:45 a.m. ET)

B. Regular (between 9:45 a.m. ET and 3:35 p.m. ET)

C. Closing (after 3:35 p.m. ET)

D. Within five minutes of a Trading Pause re-open or IPO open

Reports on Market Events. As proposed, the Plan would include a provision that would describe when the Operating Committee would be required to produce a report at the Commission's request. Specifically, upon Commission request, the Operating Committee would provide the Commission and make publicly available a report analyzing the Plan's operation during a significant market event that (1) materially impacted the trading of more than one security across multiple Trading Centers; (2) and is directly related to or implicating the performance of the Plan. For example, this report will evaluate the performance of Market-Wide Circuit Breakers during the covered period and their relationship to and interaction with the operation of the Plan during times when the Market Wide Circuit Breakers have been triggered. The Participants note that a discussion of the Plan's operation during a significant market event is also proposed to be included in the proposed Annual Report. Depending on the timing of the ad hoc report requested by the Commission, the Participants anticipate that the report requested by the Commission may be satisfied by inclusion of an analysis of the Plan's operation during a significant market event in the proposed Annual Report.

Proposal To Amend Calculation of Percentage Parameters

The Price Bands for an NMS Stock are calculated by applying the Percentage Parameter for such NMS Stock to the Reference Price, with the Lower Price Band being a Percentage Parameter below the Reference Price, and the Upper Price Band being a Percentage Parameter above the Reference Price. The Price Bands are calculated during Regular Trading Hours. The Price Bands are calculated by applying double the Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m., and 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close.[51] Doubling of Percentage Parameters results in Price Bands for Tier 1 and Tier 2 NMS Stocks priced above $3.00 of 10% and 20%, respectively.

As part of their ongoing obligation to study and make recommendations for improvement and in consultation with the Advisory Committee, the Participants propose to amend the Plan to change the calculation of Price Bands between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. by eliminating the requirement to double the applicable Percentage Parameters under Section V.A.1. The Participants also propose to amend Section V.A.1 of the Plan to double the Percentage Parameters between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close, for only Tier 1 NMS Stocks and Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price equal to or below $3.00. This change would result in no longer doubling the Percentage Parameters of Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price above $3.00 near the close.[52]

Chart C illustrates the disproportionate number of Limit States and Trading Pauses that occur at or shortly after 9:45 a.m., the only time Price Bands contract intraday. Wider Price Bands could cause displayed quotations that are within the Price Bands prior to 9:45 a.m. to then be outside of the Price Bands once they contract. This, in turn, results in an increased number of Limit States and Trading Pauses starting at 9:45 a.m. when quotations may not be updated quickly enough. (The chart also shows that the number of Limit States and Trading Pauses then decreases as trading adjusts to the tighter Price Bands.)

As illustrated in Chart C, over 21% of all Trading Pauses occur in the five minutes following the contraction of the Price Bands between 9:45 a.m. and 9:50 a.m. Chart D shows that the increase in Trading Pauses at 9:45 a.m. is not due to an increase in volatility at or around 9:45 a.m., but is primarily driven by the sudden contraction of Price Bands as currently required by the Plan.

Start Printed Page 66474

Start Printed Page 66475

Chart E and F below review the same data as Chart C over 15-minute periods, rather than 5-minutes, and show that the first 15 minutes of the trading day from 9:30 a.m. to 9:45 a.m. account for less than 10% of all Trading Pauses. Meanwhile, the subsequent 15 minutes following the contraction of Price Bands at 9:45 a.m. account for nearly 30% of all Trading Pauses despite no evidence of abnormal volatility.

To further illustrate distortions caused by double wide Price Bands from 9:30-9:45 a.m., the Participants studied the distribution of clearly erroneous executions during the trading day. Chart F shows that 44% of all clearly erroneous executions occur between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. since the implementation of Amendment No. 10 on July 18, 2016. With regard to ETPs, 64% of all clearly erroneous executions occur between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. during that same period. The Participants and Advisors [53] believe that narrower Price Bands during this 15 minute period would have prevented some of these clearly erroneous executions by pausing trading at the Price Bands.

The Participants analyzed the potential impact of eliminating double wide Price Bands on the number of Limit States and Trading Pauses. As expected, using trading data from January 2, 2018 to June 30, 2018, our model predicts a hypothetical increase in the number of Limit States and Trading Pauses. Under existing procedures for calculating Price Bands, the Participants observed that an average of 1.3 NMS Stocks per day experienced one or more Limit States between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. Those Limit States resulted in an average of 0.85 NMS Stocks experiencing a Trading Pause each day. Based on historical data, the Participants estimated that eliminating the doubling of Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. would increase the number of NMS Stocks that experience a Limit State from 1.3 to 5.5 per day, leading to an estimated average of 3.60 NMS Stocks experiencing a Trading Pause, an increase of 2.75 per day.

Start Printed Page 66476

With regard to ETPs, the Participants observed that an average of 0.5 ETPs per day experienced one or more Limit States between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. from January 2, 2018 to June 30, 2018. Those Limit States resulted in an average of 0.34 symbols experiencing a Trading Pause each day. Based on historical data, the Participants anticipate that no longer doubling the Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. would increase the number of ETP symbols with limit states from 0.5 per day to 1.4 per day, with an average of 0.94 symbols experiencing a Trading Pause, and increase of 0.6 per day.

Despite this theoretical increase in Limit States and Trading Pauses, the Participants and Advisors believe that eliminating double wide Price Bands would not result in an actual increase. Instead, the Participants and Advisors, in particular, believe that market participants will quickly adapt their systems to quote and trade within the new, tighter Price Bands. Furthermore, market participants will no longer need to adjust their quotes in response to a sudden narrowing of Price Bands at 9:45. It is anticipated that market makers would quote within the proposed tighter Price Bands and their quotes would remain within the Price Bands as they adjust due to market conditions, rather than at a set time where they drastically contract. The expectation is that market makers would continue to provide liquidity within the Price Bands, even if the Price Bands are tighter than the current levels. As a result of the proposal, the Participants and Advisors anticipate that overall the average number of Limit States and Trading Pauses will decrease.

Currently, Percentage Parameters are also doubled at the close of trading—i.e., the period between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m., or in the case of an early scheduled close, during the last 25 minutes of trading before the early scheduled close. The Participants propose to amend Section V.A.1 of the Plan to double the Percentage Parameters at the close for only Tier 1 NMS Stocks and Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price equal to or below $3.00. Tier 2 NMS Stocks priced above $3.00, which are already subject to a wide Percentage Parameter of 10% during the rest of the trading day, would not be doubled. This proposed change is intended to dampen extreme price movements that may occur inside of the Start Printed Page 66477expanded Price Bands near the close of trading.

The Participants originally designed the Plan to include doubled Percentage Parameters around the opening and close of trading to ensure that the new Limit Up-Limit Down mechanism would perform as intended in periods of higher volatility. Although there was no available data on which to base this decision, at the time the Participants believed that this exception to the regular Percentage Parameters was an appropriate cautionary measure while the Participants and the industry gained experience with this new mechanism. Specifically, as stated in the Participants' response to comments on the proposed Plan, the Participants stated that, “[t]he Participants believe that the proposed doubling of the Percentage Parameters is appropriate in light of the volatility profiles around the opening and closing periods, and that no adjustment to the timing or levels of the Price Bands should be made to the Plan until experience is gained from both Phases I and II” (emphasis added). In approving this aspect of the Plan, the Commission relied on the expertise of the Participants but further provided that the pilot period would provide additional time to gain experience with the operation of the Plan that would inform any permanent approval.

Based on the Participants' collective experience in operating the Plan over the past five years, as well as advice from market participants including the Advisory Committee, the Participants believe that the original concerns about volatility around the close were unfounded with respect to Tier 2 NMS Stocks where the applicable Percentage Parameters are already 10% during the remainder of the trading day. Specifically, the Participants found that only a de minimis number of trades actually occur outside of the regular 10% Percentage Parameter, and that therefore the doubling of the Percentage Parameters for Tier 2 NMS Stocks at the close is unwarranted.

Furthermore, the Participants believe that the currently doubled Percentage Parameters for Tier 2 NMS Stocks—which would accommodate price swings of as much as 40% when trading from the upper Price Band to the lower Price Band—are inconsistent with the stated goal of the Plan, which is to address extraordinary volatility in NMS Stocks, and thereby protect investors and promote fair and orderly markets. While data collected by the Participants shows that such extreme price moves are rare today, the Participants believe that waiting for a major event to occur before closing this gap would weaken investor confidence in the markets, and is inconsistent with principles of investor protection.

As shown by Chart I, extreme price changes remain rare and are readily accommodated within the normal, non-doubled, Percentage Parameter for Tier 2 NMS Stocks. To illustrate, the Participants reviewed how far every NMS Stock's price moved (high to low) during every 30-second period from January 2018 to March 2018, a period that included relatively higher volatility in February 2018. As described by the below data, over that period, 99.9% of 30-second high-low price changes were less than 3%. Less than .02% of 30-second periods (22,347 out of 117 million measured) included a price change greater than 5%. Only 126 30-second periods included price change of more than 20%.

Start Printed Page 66478

As illustrated in Charts J and K below, Trading Pauses are significantly underrepresented during the last 25 minutes of the trading day where the Percentage Parameters are doubled. Based on data compiled by the Participants, during 2017 and 2018 through October 12, an average of 0.06 Trading Pauses occurred each day at the close (about one pause every 17 trading days). By comparison, the average for any 25 minute period across the entire trading day is 0.57 Trading Pauses per day (about one pause every 2 trading days). Even with the proposed change to only double Percentage Parameters for Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price below $3.00, the Participants expect that the total number of Trading Pauses experienced during this period would be de minimis. The Participants estimate that eliminating double wide at the close will results in about 0.2 new Trading Pauses per day (out of a total of 9 per day during 2017 and 2018 through October 12, 2018) would result from the proposed change, without accounting for a reduction attributable to behavioral changes. Trading Pauses would therefore continue to be underrepresented at the close notwithstanding any minimal increase.

Start Printed Page 66479

Furthermore as discussed above, the Participants believe that the real number of new Trading Pauses under the proposed modified percentage parameters would be significantly lower than suggested by historical data because that data does not take into account changes in behavior by market participants. Specifically, the Participants believe, based on experience operating the Plan and the advice of the Advisory Committee, that market participants would adjust their quoting behavior in response to these changes, resulting in a much lower number of Trading Pauses than suggested by the historical data.

Eliminating the doubling of the Percentage Parameters at the close for Tier 2 NMS Stocks priced above $3.00 would therefore come with almost no cost in terms of additional Trading Pauses and would remove the possibility of extreme price movements within the Price Bands. While volatility near the close has been rare, continuing to double Percentage Parameters leaves investors at risk of extreme price changes of up to 40% from the Upper Price Band to the Lower Price Band. At the same time, there is no evidence that eliminating the doubling of Percentage Start Printed Page 66480Parameters at the close for Tier 2 NMS Stocks priced above $3.00 would be disruptive to the market. The Participants therefore believe that it is consistent with the protection of investors and the public interest to no longer double the Percentage Parameters at the close for these securities. In addition, the Participants believe that this change is consistent with the goals of the Plan itself as Price Bands that are 40% wide from the Upper Band to the Lower Band at the close leave open the potential for the extraordinary price movements that resulted in the Plan being adopted in the first place. In fact, Participants believe that these double wide Price Bands leave open the potential for future mini-Flash Crashes that can and should be prevented.

In addition, there have been discussions around eliminating clearly erroneous rules when the Limit Up-Limit Down mechanism is in effect. Broadly, the Limit Up-Limit Down mechanism prevents trades from happening at prices where one party to the trade would be considered “aggrieved,” and thus could be viewed as an appropriate mechanism to supplant clearly erroneous rules. The Participants believe, however, that without the backstop of clearly erroneous rules, it is vital that the Price Bands are appropriately tailored to prevent trades that are so far from current market prices that they would be viewed as having been executed in error. Continuing to permit trading to occur within Price Bands that are as much as 20% above or below the Reference Price without the protections provided by the clearly erroneous rules does not satisfy this requirement, and would be detrimental to investors and the public interest.

B. Governing or Constituent Documents

The governing documents of the Processor, as defined in Section I(P) of the Plan, will not be affected by the Plan, but once the Plan is implemented, the Processor's obligations will change, as set forth in detail in the Plan.

C. Implementation of Plan

The Plan was initially implemented as a one-year pilot program in two phases, consistent with Section VIII of the Plan: Phase I of Plan implementation began on April 8, 2013 and was completed on May 3, 2013. Implementation of Phase II of the Plan began on August 5, 2013 and was completed on February 24, 2014.

The Participants propose to implement the proposal to operate the Plan on a permanent basis upon Commission approval of this amendment.

The Participants propose to implement the proposed changes to Section V.A.1 of the Plan no later than 12 months after approval of this amendment. The implementation of these changes is contingent upon the Processors' ability to implement this amendment on the proposed timeline. The Participants will provide six month advance public notice to market participants of the implementation date of the proposed changes to Section V.A.1 of the Plan.

Quarterly Monitoring Reports required under Appendix B.II.B would be submitted no later than 30 days after the end of the covered calendar quarter. The Participants propose that the first quarterly Monitoring Report would cover the second full calendar quarter following the approval of this amendment. For example, if this amendment is approved during Q1 2019 then the first quarterly Monitoring Report would cover Q3 2019 and would be submitted no later than October 30, 2019. The Participants would continue to submit monthly data required by current Appendix B.I and B.II for months that would not be included in a quarterly Monitoring Report. The Participants would cease producing monthly data required by current Appendix B.I and B.II at the beginning of the calendar quarter covered by the first quarterly Monitoring Report.

The Participants propose to submit the first Annual Report required under Appendix B.II.A no later than March 31, 2020.

D. Development and Implementation Phases

The Plan was initially implemented as a one-year pilot program in two Phases, consistent with Section VIII of the Plan: Phase I of Plan implementation began on April 8, 2013 and was completed on May 3, 2013. Implementation of Phase II of the Plan began on August 5, 2013 and was completed on February 24, 2014. The tenth amendment to the Plan was implemented on July 18, 2016 and the twelfth and thirteenth amendments to the Plan were implemented on November 20, 2017.[54] Pursuant to this proposed amendment, the Participants propose to make the Plan permanent upon approval of this amendment.

E. Analysis of Impact on Competition

The proposed amendments to the Plan would apply to all market participants equally and would not impose a competitive burden on one category of market participant in favor of another category of market participant. The proposed amendment would apply to trading on all Trading Centers and all NMS Stocks would be subject to the amended Plan's requirements. Therefore, the proposed Plan does not impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Exchange Act. The Participants do not believe that the proposed Plan introduces terms that are unreasonably discriminatory for the purposes of Section 11A(c)(1)(D) of the Exchange Act because it would apply to all market participants equally.

F. Written Understanding or Agreements Relating to Interpretation of, or Participation in, Plan

The Participants have no written understandings or agreements relating to interpretation of the Plan. Section II(C) of the Plan sets forth how any entity registered as a national securities exchange or national securities association may become a Participant.

G. Approval of Amendment of the Plan

On October 31, 2018, the Operating Committee, duly constituted and chaired by Mr. Robert Books of Cboe Global Markets, Inc., voted unanimously to amend the Plan as set forth herein in accordance with Section III(C) of the Plan. The Plan Advisory Committee was notified in connection with the Eighteenth Amendment and was in favor. Each of the Plan's Participants has executed a written amended Plan.

H. Terms and Conditions of Access

Section II(C) of the Plan provides that any entity registered as a national securities exchange or national securities association under the Exchange Act may become a Participant by: (1) Becoming a participant in the applicable Market Data Plans, as defined in Section I(F) of the Plan; (2) executing a copy of the Plan, as then in effect; (3) providing each then-current Participant with a copy of such executed Plan; and (4) effecting an amendment to the Plan as specified in Section III(B) of the Plan.

I. Method of Determination and Imposition, and Amount of, Fees and Charges

This section is not applicable as the proposed amendment to the Plan does not involve fees or charges.Start Printed Page 66481

J. Method and Frequency of Processor Evaluation

This section is not applicable as the operation of the Plan is conducted by the Primary Listing Exchange.

K. Dispute Resolution

Section III(C) of the Plan provides that each Participant shall designate an individual to represent the Participant as a member of an Operating Committee. No later than the initial date of the Plan, the Operating Committee shall designate one member of the Operating Committee to act as the Chair of the Operating Committee. Any recommendation for an amendment to the Plan from the Operating Committee that receives an affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the Participants, but is less than unanimous, shall be submitted to the Commission as a request for an amendment to the Plan initiated by the Commission under Rule 608.

III. Solicitation of Comments

Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the amendment is consistent with the Exchange Act and the rules thereunder.

Proposal To Narrow Bands Between 9:30 and 9:45

1. Is the proposal to amend the Plan by eliminating the requirement to double the applicable Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. under Section V.A.1 appropriate?

2. Alternatively, would it be preferable and appropriate to maintain the current provision that doubles the Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m.? Please support any response with data, if possible.

3. The requirement to double the Percentage Parameters between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. for purposes of calculating the Price Bands was established in light of the higher volatility at the beginning of the trading day. Chart D in the Transmittal Letter accompanying the Eighteenth Amendment shows that the most volatile period of the trading day is between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. Would the proposed narrower Price Bands increase the occurrence of Limit States and Trading Pauses that occur between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m.? Are there any concerns that narrowing the Price Bands between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. as proposed in the Eighteenth Amendment would impede an orderly trading environment during this more volatile period of the trading day? Please support any response with data, if possible.

4. The Transmittal Letter provides historical analysis in Charts G and H estimating the impact of eliminating double-wide Price Bands between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. This analysis estimates an increase in both limit states and trading pauses were the double-wide bands eliminated during the time period analyzed. The Participants state, however, that this estimated impact is theoretical in nature and that market participant behavior would adjust to narrower Price Bands at the open, ultimately resulting in fewer limit states and trading pauses than reflected in Charts G and H. Do commenters agree with the Participants that market participant behavior would change such that eliminating double-wide bands at the open would not result in an increase in limit states and trading pauses similar to what the Participants project based on Charts G and H? If the double-wide bands did in fact result in a higher incidence of trading pauses and limit states as estimated based on Charts G and H, would market participants be concerned about impacts of the Plan on trading and market quality between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. and beyond? [55] Please support any response with data, if possible.

5. Charts G and H demonstrate a spike in actual and projected limit states and trading pauses during February 2018. This spike appears to have occurred during the volatile trading day of February 5, 2018. Are commenters concerned about the impact of narrowing double-wide bands between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m. on volatile trading days? Please support any response with data, if possible.

6. Is there a disproportionate number of Limit States and Trading Pauses that occur at or shortly after 9:45 a.m.? [56] Are these Limit States and Trading Pauses caused by the contraction of the Price Bands rather than an increase in volatility of the type the Plan is designed to prevent? Would the proposed narrower Price Bands reduce the occurrence of Limit States and Trading Pauses that presently occur at or shortly after the Price Bands contract at 9:45 a.m.?

7. Would the proposed narrower Price Bands reduce the number of clearly erroneous executions that occur between 9:30 a.m. and 9:45 a.m.?

Proposal to Narrow Bands Between 3:35 and 4:00

8. Is the proposal to amend the Plan to eliminate the doubling of Percentage Parameters of Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price above $3.00 between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. appropriate?

9. Alternatively, would it be preferable and appropriate to maintain the current provision that doubles the Percentage Parameters of Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price above $3.00 between 3:45 p.m. and 4:00 p.m.? Please support any response with data, if possible.

10. The requirement to double the Percentage Parameters of Tier 2 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price above $3.00 between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. for purposes of calculating the Price Bands was established in light of the higher volatility at the end of the trading day. Chart D shows that the volatility gradually increases as the trading day progresses towards the close of trading. Would the proposed narrower Price Bands between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. increase the occurrence of Limit States and Trading Pauses that occur during that time period? Are there any concerns that narrowing the Price Bands between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. as proposed would impede an orderly trading environment during this more volatile period of the trading day? Would an increase in Limit States and Trading Pauses between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. impact negatively the primary listing exchange closing auction processes? Please support any response with data, if possible.

11. Do commenters agree with the Participants that market participant behavior would change such that eliminating double-wide bands at the close would not result in an increase in limit states and trading pauses similar to what the Participants project based on Chart K? If the double-wide bands did in fact result in a higher incidence of trading pauses and limit states as estimated based on Chart K, would market participants be concerned about impacts of the Plan on trading between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. or the primary listing exchange closing auction processes? Please support any response with data, if possible.

12. Are commenters concerned about the impact of narrowing double-wide Start Printed Page 66482bands between 3:35 p.m. and 4:00 p.m. on volatile trading days? Please support any response with data, if possible.

13. Would the proposed narrower Price Bands increase the occurrence of Limit States and Trading Pauses near the close? Is the current doubling of Percentage Parameters for such stocks near the close unwarranted? Are potential price swings of as much as 40% for such stocks inconsistent with the Plan's goal of addressing extraordinary market volatility in NMS Stocks?

Proposal To Provide Data to the Commission That Would Not Be Made Public

14. The Participants propose to provide certain data to the Commission upon request that would not be made publicly available. Should any data that is provided to the Commission also be made publicly available? Please describe any concerns with respect to making public, or not making public, the data that will be provided to the Commission.

Participant Statement Regarding Competition

15. The Participants state that Plan does not impose any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Exchange Act. Do commenters believe that the Plan imposes any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Exchange Act?

16. Further, would the proposal have a positive, negative, or neutral impact on competition? Please explain. How would any impact on competition from the proposal benefit or harm the national market system or the various market participants? Please describe and explain how, if at all, aspects of the national market system or different market participants would be affected. Please support any response with data, if possible.

17. More generally, to the extent possible please provide specific data, analyses, or studies for support regarding any impacts of the proposal on competition.

Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:

Electronic Comments

Paper Comments

  • Send paper comments in triplicate to Brent J. Fields, Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549-1090.

All submissions should refer to File Number 4-631.This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's internet website (http://www.sec.gov/​rules/​sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed plan amendment that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the amendment between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of such filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the Participants' offices. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number 4-631 and should be submitted on or before January 16, 2019.

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By the Commission.

Eduardo A. Aleman,

Deputy Secretary.

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Preamble

The Participants submit to the SEC this Plan establishing procedures to address extraordinary volatility in NMS Stocks. The procedures provide for market-wide limit up-limit down requirements that prevent trades in individual NMS Stocks from occurring outside of the specified Price Bands. These limit up-limit down requirements are coupled with Trading Pauses to accommodate more fundamental price moves. The Plan procedures are designed, among other things, to protect investors and promote fair and orderly markets. The Participants developed this Plan pursuant to Rule 608(a)(3) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act, which authorizes the Participants to act jointly in preparing, filing, and implementing national market system plans.

I. Definitions

(A) “Eligible Reported Transactions” shall have the meaning prescribed by the Operating Committee and shall generally mean transactions that are eligible to update the last sale price of an NMS Stock.

(B) “Exchange Act” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended.

(C) “Limit State” shall have the meaning provided in Section VI of the Plan.

(D) “Limit State Quotation” shall have the meaning provided in Section VI of the Plan.

(E) “Lower Price Band” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

(F) “Market Data Plans” shall mean the effective national market system plans through which the Participants act jointly to disseminate consolidated information in compliance with Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(G) “National Best Bid” and “National Best Offer” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(42) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(H) “NMS Stock” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(47) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(I) “Opening Price” shall mean the price of a transaction that opens trading on the Primary Listing Exchange. If the Primary Listing Exchange opens with quotations, the “Opening Price” shall mean the closing price of the NMS Stock on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, or if no such closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange.

(J) “Operating Committee” shall have the meaning provided in Section III(C) of the Plan.

(K) “Participant” means a party to the Plan.

(L) “Plan” means the plan set forth in this instrument, as amended from time to time in accordance with its provisions.

(M) “Percentage Parameter” shall mean the percentages for each tier of NMS Stocks set forth in Appendix A of the Plan.

(N) “Price Bands” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

(O) “Primary Listing Exchange” shall mean the Participant on which an NMS Stock is listed. If an NMS Stock is listed on more than one Participant, the Participant on which the NMS Stock has been listed the longest shall be the Primary Listing Exchange.

(P) “Processor” shall mean the single plan processor responsible for the consolidation of information for an NMS Stock pursuant to Rule 603(b) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(Q) “Pro-Forma Reference Price” shall have the meaning provided in Section V(A)(2) of the Plan.

(R) “Reference Price” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

(S) “Regular Trading Hours” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(64) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act. For purposes of the Plan, Regular Trading Hours can end earlier than 4:00 p.m. ET in the case of an early scheduled close.

(T) “Regulatory Halt” shall have the meaning specified in the Market Data Plans.

(U) “Reopening Price” shall mean the price of a transaction that reopens trading on the Primary Listing Exchange following a Trading Pause or a Regulatory Halt, or, if the Primary Listing Exchange reopens with quotations, the midpoint of those quotations.

(V) “SEC” shall mean the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.

(W) “Straddle State” shall have the meaning provided in Section VII(A)(2) of the Plan.

(X) “Trading center” shall have the meaning provided in Rule 600(b)(78) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(Y) “Trading Pause” shall have the meaning provided in Section VII of the Plan.

(Z) “Upper Price Band” shall have the meaning provided in Section V of the Plan.

II. Parties

(A) List of Parties

The parties to the Plan are as follows:

(1) Cboe BZX Exchange, Inc., 400 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60605

(2) Cboe BYX Exchange, Inc., 400 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60605

(3) Cboe EDGA Exchange, Inc., 400 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60605

(4) Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc., 400 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60605

(5) Chicago Stock Exchange, Inc., 440 South LaSalle Street, Chicago, Illinois 60605

(6) Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., 1735 K Street NW, Washington, DC 20006

(7) Investors Exchange LLC, 4 World Trade Center, 44th Floor, New York, New York 10007

(8) NASDAQ BX, Inc., One Liberty Plaza, New York, New York 10006

(9) NASDAQ PHLX LLC, 1900 Market Street, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19103

(10) The Nasdaq Stock Market LLC, 1 Liberty Plaza, 165 Broadway, New York, NY 10006

(11) NYSE National, Inc., 11 Wall Street, New York, NY 10005

(12) New York Stock Exchange LLC, 11 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005

(13) NYSE American LLC, 11 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005

(14) NYSE Arca, Inc., 11 Wall Street, New York, New York 10005

(B) Compliance Undertaking

By subscribing to and submitting the Plan for approval by the SEC, each Participant agrees to comply with and to enforce compliance, as required by Rule 608(c) of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act, by its members with the provisions of the Plan. To this end, each Participant shall adopt a rule requiring compliance by its members with the provisions of the Plan, and each Participant shall take such actions as are necessary and appropriate as a participant of the Market Data Plans to cause and enable the Processor for each NMS Stock to fulfill the functions set forth in this Plan.

(C) New Participants

The Participants agree that any entity registered as a national securities exchange or national securities association under the Exchange Act may become a Participant by: (1) Becoming a participant in the applicable Market Data Plans; (2) executing a copy of the Start Printed Page 66486Plan, as then in effect; (3) providing each then-current Participant with a copy of such executed Plan; and (4) effecting an amendment to the Plan as specified in Section III (B) of the Plan.

(D) Advisory Committee

(1) Formation. Notwithstanding other provisions of this Plan, an Advisory Committee to the Plan shall be formed and shall function in accordance with the provisions set forth in this section.

(2) Composition. Members of the Advisory Committee shall be selected for two-year terms as follows:

(A) Advisory Committee Selections. By affirmative vote of a majority of the Participants, the Participants shall select at least one representatives from each of the following categories to be members of the Advisory Committee: (1) A broker-dealer with a substantial retail investor customer base; (2) a broker-dealer with a substantial institutional investor customer base; (3) an alternative trading system; (4) a broker-dealer that primarily engages in trading for its own account; and (5) an investor.

(3) Function. Members of the Advisory Committee shall have the right to submit their views to the Operating Committee on Plan matters, prior to a decision by the Operating Committee on such matters. Such matters shall include, but not be limited to, proposed material amendments to the Plan.

(4) Meetings and Information. Members of the Advisory Committee shall have the right to attend meetings of the Operating Committee and to receive any information concerning Plan matters; provided, however, that the Operating Committee may meet in executive session if, by affirmative vote of a majority of the Participants, the Operating Committee determines that an item of Plan business requires confidential treatment.

III. Amendments to Plan

(A) General Amendments

Except with respect to the addition of new Participants to the Plan, any proposed change in, addition to, or deletion from the Plan shall be effected by means of a written amendment to the Plan that: (1) Sets forth the change, addition, or deletion; (2) is executed on behalf of each Participant; and, (3) is approved by the SEC pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act, or otherwise becomes effective under Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(B) New Participants

With respect to new Participants, an amendment to the Plan may be effected by the new national securities exchange or national securities association executing a copy of the Plan, as then in effect (with the only changes being the addition of the new Participant's name in Section II(A) of the Plan) and submitting such executed Plan to the SEC for approval. The amendment shall be effective when it is approved by the SEC in accordance with Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act or otherwise becomes effective pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS under the Exchange Act.

(C) Operating Committee

(1) Each Participant shall select from its staff one individual to represent the Participant as a member of an Operating Committee, together with a substitute for such individual. The substitute may participate in deliberations of the Operating Committee and shall be considered a voting member thereof only in the absence of the primary representative. Each Participant shall have one vote on all matters considered by the Operating Committee. No later than the initial date of Plan operations, the Operating Committee shall designate one member of the Operating Committee to act as the Chair of the Operating Committee.

(2) The Operating Committee shall monitor the procedures established pursuant to this Plan and advise the Participants with respect to any deficiencies, problems, or recommendations as the Operating Committee may deem appropriate. The Operating Committee shall establish specifications and procedures for the implementation and operation of the Plan that are consistent with the provisions of this Plan and the Appendixes thereto. With respect to matters in this paragraph, Operating Committee decisions shall be approved by a simple majority vote.

(3) Any recommendation for an amendment to the Plan from the Operating Committee that receives an affirmative vote of at least two-thirds of the Participants, but is less than unanimous, shall be submitted to the SEC as a request for an amendment to the Plan initiated by the Commission under Rule 608 of Regulation NMS.

IV. Trading Center Policies and Procedures

All trading centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to comply with the limit up—limit down requirements specified in Sections VI of the Plan, and to comply with the Trading Pauses specified in Section VII of the Plan.

V. Price Bands

(A) Calculation and Dissemination of Price Bands

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(B) Openings

(1) Except when a Regulatory Halt is in effect at the start of Regular Trading Hours, the first Reference Price for a trading day shall be the Opening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange in an NMS Stock if such Opening Price occurs less than five minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours. During the period less than five minutes after the Opening Price, a Pro-Forma Reference Price shall be updated on a continuous basis to be the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock during the period following the Opening Price (including the Opening Price), and if it differs from the current Reference Price by 1% or more shall become the new Reference Price, except that a new Reference Price shall remain in effect for at least 30 seconds. Subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

(2) If the Opening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange in an NMS Stock does not occur within five minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours, the first Reference Price for a trading day shall be the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the preceding five minute time period, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

(C) Reopenings

(1) Following a Trading Pause in an NMS Stock, and if the Primary Listing Exchange has not declared a Regulatory Halt, if the Primary Listing Exchange reopens trading with a transaction or quotation that does not include a zero bid or zero offer, the next Reference Price shall be the Reopening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange. Subsequent Reference Prices shall be determined in the manner prescribed for normal openings, as specified in Section V(B)(1) of the Plan. If the Primary Listing Exchange notifies the Processor that it is unable to reopen an NMS Stock due to a systems or technology issue, or if the Primary Listing Exchange reopens trading with a quotation that has a zero bid or zero offer, or both, the next Reference Price shall be the last effective Price Band that was in a Limit State before the Trading Pause. Subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

(2) Following a Regulatory Halt, the next Reference Price shall be the Opening or Reopening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange if such Opening or Reopening Price occurs within five minutes after the end of the Regulatory Halt, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be determined in the manner prescribed for normal openings, as specified in Section V(B)(1) of the Plan. If such Opening or Reopening Price has not occurred within five minutes after the end of the Regulatory Halt, the Reference Price shall be equal to the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the preceding five minute time period, and subsequent Reference Prices shall be calculated as specified in Section V(A) of the Plan.

VI. Limit Up-Limit Down Requirements

(A) Limitations on Trades and Quotations Outside of Price Bands

(1) All trading centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent trades at prices that are below the Lower Price Band or above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock. Single-priced opening, reopening, and closing transactions on the Primary Listing Exchange, however, shall be excluded from this limitation. In addition, any transaction that both (i) does not update the last sale price (except if solely because the transaction was reported late or because the transaction was an odd-lot sized transaction), and (ii) is excepted or exempt from Rule 611 under Regulation NMS shall be excluded from this limitation.

(2) When a National Best Bid is below the Lower Price Band or a National Best Offer is above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock, the Processor shall disseminate such National Best Bid or National Best Offer with an appropriate flag identifying it as non-executable. Start Printed Page 66489When a National Best Offer is equal to the Lower Price Band or a National Best Bid is equal to the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock, the Processor shall distribute such National Best Bid or National Best Offer with an appropriate flag identifying it as a “Limit State Quotation”.

(3) All trading centers in NMS Stocks, including both those operated by Participants and those operated by members of Participants, shall establish, maintain, and enforce written policies and procedures that are reasonably designed to prevent the display of offers below the Lower Price Band and bids above the Upper Price Band for an NMS Stock. The Processor shall disseminate an offer below the Lower Price Band or bid above the Upper Price Band that may be submitted despite such reasonable policies and procedures, but with an appropriate flag identifying it as non-executable; provided, however, that any such bid or offer shall not be included in National Best Bid or National Best Offer calculations.

(B) Entering and Exiting a Limit State

(1) All trading for an NMS Stock shall immediately enter a Limit State if the National Best Offer equals the Lower Price Band and does not cross the National Best Bid, or the National Best Bid equals the Upper Price Band and does not cross the National Best Offer.

(2) When trading for an NMS Stock enters a Limit State, the Processor shall disseminate this information by identifying the relevant quotation (i.e., a National Best Offer that equals the Lower Price Band or a National Best Bid that equals the Upper Price Band) as a Limit State Quotation. At this point, the Processor shall cease calculating and disseminating updated Reference Prices and Price Bands for the NMS Stock until either trading exits the Limit State or trading resumes with an opening or re-opening as provided in Section V.

(3) Trading for an NMS Stock shall exit a Limit State if, within 15 seconds of entering the Limit State, the entire size of all Limit State Quotations are executed or cancelled.

(4) If trading for an NMS Stock exits a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry, the Processor shall immediately calculate and disseminate updated Price Bands based on a Reference Price that equals the arithmetic mean price of Eligible Reported Transactions for the NMS Stock over the immediately preceding five-minute period (including the period of the Limit State).

(5) If trading for an NMS Stock does not exit a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry, the Limit State will terminate when the Primary Listing Exchange declares a Trading Pause pursuant to Section VII of the Plan or at the end of Regular Trading Hours.

VII. Trading Pauses

(A) Declaration of Trading Pauses

(1) If trading for an NMS Stock does not exit a Limit State within 15 seconds of entry during Regular Trading Hours, then the Primary Listing Exchange shall declare a Trading Pause for such NMS Stock and shall notify the Processor.

(2) The Primary Listing Exchange may also declare a Trading Pause for an NMS Stock when an NMS Stock is in a Straddle State, which is when National Best Bid (Offer) is below (above) the Lower (Upper) Price Band and the NMS Stock is not in a Limit State, and trading in that NMS Stock deviates from normal trading characteristics such that declaring a Trading Pause would support the Plan's goal to address extraordinary market volatility. The Primary Listing Exchange shall develop policies and procedures for determining when it would declare a Trading Pause in such circumstances. If a Trading Pause is declared for an NMS Stock under this provision, the Primary Listing Exchange shall notify the Processor.

(3) The Processor shall disseminate Trading Pause information to the public. No trades in an NMS Stock shall occur during a Trading Pause, but all bids and offers may be displayed.

(B) Reopening of Trading During Regular Trading Hours

(1) Five minutes after declaring a Trading Pause for an NMS Stock, and if the Primary Listing Exchange has not declared a Regulatory Halt, the Primary Listing Exchange shall attempt to reopen trading using its established reopening procedures. The Processor will publish the following information that the Primary Listing Exchange provides to the Processor in connection with such reopening: Auction reference price; auction collars; and number of extensions to the reopening auction. The Trading Pause shall end when the Primary Listing Exchange reports a Reopening Price.

(2) The Primary Listing Exchange shall notify the Processor if it is unable to reopen trading in an NMS Stock due to a systems or technology issue and if it has not declared a Regulatory Halt. The Processor shall disseminate this information to the public.

(3) Trading centers may not resume trading in an NMS Stock following a Trading Pause without Price Bands in such NMS Stock.

(4) The Processor shall update the Price Bands as set forth in Section V(C)(1)-(2) of the Plan after receiving notification from the Primary Listing Exchange of a Reopening Price following a Trading Pause (or a resume message in the case of a reopening quote that has a zero bid or zero offer, or both) or that it is unable to reopen trading following a Trading Pause due to a systems or technology issue, provided that if the Primary Listing Exchange is unable to reopen due to a systems or technology issue, the update to the Price Bands will be no earlier than ten minutes after the beginning of the Trading Pause.

(C) Trading Pauses Within Ten Minutes of the End of Regular Trading Hours

(1) If an NMS Stock is in a Trading Pause during the last ten minutes of trading before the end of Regular Trading Hours, the Primary Listing Exchange shall not reopen trading and shall attempt to execute a closing transaction using its established closing procedures. All trading centers may begin trading the NMS Stock when the Primary Listing Exchange executes a closing transaction.

(2) If the Primary Listing Exchange does not execute a closing transaction within five minutes after the end of Regular Trading Hours, all trading centers may begin trading the NMS Stock.

VIII. Implementation

IX. Withdrawal From Plan

If a Participant obtains SEC approval to withdraw from the Plan, such Participant may withdraw from the Plan at any time on not less than 30 days' prior written notice to each of the other Participants. At such time, the withdrawing Participant shall have no further rights or obligations under the Plan.

X. Counterparts and Signatures

The Plan may be executed in any number of counterparts, no one of which need contain all signatures of all Participants, and as many of such counterparts as shall together contain all such signatures shall constitute one and the same instrument.

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Appendix A—Percentage Parameters

I. Tier 1 NMS Stocks

(2) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 1 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price more than $3.00 shall be 5%.

(3) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 1 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price equal to $0.75 and up to and including $3.00 shall be 20%.

(4) The Percentage Parameters for Tier 1 NMS Stocks with a Reference Price less than $0.75 shall be the lesser of (a) $0.15 or (b) 75%.

(5) The Reference Price used for determining which Percentage Parameter shall be applicable during a trading day shall be based on the closing price of the NMS Stock on the Primary Listing Exchange on the previous trading day, or if no closing price exists, the last sale on the Primary Listing Exchange reported by the Processor.

II. Tier 2 NMS Stocks

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Appendix A—Schedule 1

(as of July 2, 2018)

TickerETP nameExchange
SPYSPDR S&P 500 ETF TrustNYSE Arca.
QQQInvesco QQQ TrustNASDAQ.
IWMiShares Russell 2000 ETFNYSE Arca.
EEMiShares MSCI Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca.
EFAiShares MSCI EAFE ETFNYSE Arca.
XLFFinancial Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
VXXiPath S&P 500 VIX Short-Term Futures ETN Class ANYSE Arca.
DIASPDR Dow Jones Industrial Average ETF TrustNYSE Arca.
HYGiShares iBoxx $ High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
IVViShares Core S&P 500 ETFNYSE Arca.
XLEEnergy Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
FXIiShares China Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
TLTiShares 20+ Year Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ.
XLIIndustrial Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
XLKTechnology Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
GLDSPDR Gold TrustNYSE Arca.
EWZiShares MSCI Brazil ETFNYSE Arca.
XLUUtilities Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
GDXVanEck Vectors Gold Miners ETFNYSE Arca.
XLPConsumer Staples Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
XLVHealth Care Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
VOOVanguard S&P 500 ETFNYSE Arca.
LQDiShares iBoxx $ Investment Grade Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
XOPSPDR S&P Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETFNYSE Arca.
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IEMGiShares Core MSCI Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca.
IYRiShares U.S. Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca.
VWOVanguard FTSE Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca.
XLYConsumer Discretionary Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
SMHVanEck Vectors Semiconductor ETFNYSE Arca.
EWJiShares MSCI Japan ETFNYSE Arca.
IEFAiShares Core MSCI EAFE ETFCboe BZX.
JNKSPDR Bloomberg Barclays High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VNQVanguard Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca.
XBISPDR S&P BIOTECH ETFNYSE Arca.
VEAVanguard FTSE Developed Markets ETFNYSE Arca.
AGGiShares Core U.S. Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
MDYSPDR S&P Midcap 400 ETF TrustNYSE Arca.
XLBMaterials Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
GDXJVanEck Vectors Junior Gold Miners ETFNYSE Arca.
KRESPDR S&P Regional Banking ETFNYSE Arca.
VTIVanguard Total Stock Market ETFNYSE Arca.
SVXYProShares Short VIX Short-Term Futures ETFNYSE Arca.
EMBiShares JP Morgan USD Emerging Markets Bond ETFNASDAQ.
EZUiShares MSCI Eurozone ETFCboe BZX.
IEFiShares 7-10 Year Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ.
IBBiShares NASDAQ. Biotechnology ETFNASDAQ.
VGKVanguard FTSE Europe ETFNYSE Arca.
IJRiShares Core S&P Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
IWFiShares Russell 1000 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
USOUnited States Oil Fund LPNYSE Arca.
IWDiShares Russell 1000 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
IJHiShares Core S&P Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
XRTSPDR S&P Retail ETFNYSE Arca.
EWYiShares MSCI South Korea ETFNYSE Arca.
MCHIiShares MSCI China ETFNASDAQ.
OIHVanEck Vectors Oil Services ETFNYSE Arca.
RSXVanEck Vectors Russia ETFNYSE Arca.
EWTiShares MSCI Taiwan ETFNYSE Arca.
EWWiShares MSCI Mexico ETFNYSE Arca.
BNDVanguard Total Bond Market ETFNYSE Arca.
IWBiShares Russell 1000 ETFNYSE Arca.
VTVVanguard Value ETFNYSE Arca.
ACWIiShares MSCI ACWI ETFNASDAQ.
AMLPAlerian MLP ETFNYSE Arca.
DXJWisdomTree Japan Hedged Equity FundNYSE Arca.
IAUiShares Gold TrustNYSE Arca.
TIPiShares TIPS Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FEZSPDR EURO STOXX 50 ETFNYSE Arca.
SHViShares Short Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ.
SHYiShares 1-3 Year Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ.
EWGiShares MSCI Germany ETFNYSE Arca.
BSVVanguard Short-Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VEUVanguard FTSE All-World ex-US Index FundNYSE Arca.
VUGVanguard Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
IVEiShares S&P 500 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
INDAiShares MSCI India ETFCboe BZX.
SHProShares Short S&P 500NYSE Arca.
EWHiShares MSCI Hong Kong ETFNYSE Arca.
SLViShares Silver TrustNYSE Arca.
IVWiShares S&P 500 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
VCSHVanguard Short-Term Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ.
ITBiShares U.S. Home Construction ETFCboe BZX.
IWNiShares Russell 2000 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
SOXXiShares PHLX Semiconductor ETFNASDAQ.
KBESPDR S&P Bank ETFNYSE Arca.
VGTVanguard Information Technology ETFNYSE Arca.
IWOiShares Russell 2000 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
MTUMiShares Edge MSCI USA Momentum Factor ETFCboe BZX.
XHBSPDR S&P Homebuilders ETFNYSE Arca.
XMESPDR S&P Metals & Mining ETFNYSE Arca.
XLREReal Estate Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
VCITVanguard Intermediate-Term Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ.
VTVanguard Total World Stock ETFNYSE Arca.
USMViShares Edge MSCI Min Vol USA ETFCboe BZX.
BKLNInvesco Senior Loan ETFNYSE Arca.
EWCiShares MSCI Canada ETFNYSE Arca.
PFFiShares U.S. Preferred Stock ETFNASDAQ.
FLOTiShares Floating Rate Bond ETFCboe BZX.
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BILSPDR Bloomberg Barclays 1-3 Month T-Bill ETFNYSE Arca.
OEFiShares S&P 100 ETFNYSE Arca.
UNGUnited States Natural Gas Fund LPNYSE Arca.
VBVanguard Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
MINTPIMCO Enhanced Short Maturity Active ETFNYSE Arca.
SPLVInvesco S&P 500 Low Volatility ETFNYSE Arca.
VIGVanguard Dividend Appreciation ETFNYSE Arca.
HEDJWisdomTree Europe Hedged Equity FundNYSE Arca.
SCZiShares MSCI EAFE Small-Cap ETFNASDAQ.
EWUiShares MSCI United Kingdom ETFNYSE Arca.
VYMVanguard High Dividend Yield Yield Index FundNYSE Arca.
SCHFSchwab International Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
AAXJiShares MSCI All Country Asia ex Japan ETFNASDAQ.
FDNFirst Trust Dow Jones Internet Index FundNYSE Arca.
EMLCVanEck Vectors J.P. Morgan EM Local Currency Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VIXYProShares VIX Short-Term Futures ETFNYSE Arca.
BNDXVanguard Total International Bond ETFNASDAQ.
MUBiShares National Muni Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
DVYiShares Select Dividend ETFNASDAQ.
ITAiShares U.S. Aerospace & Defense ETFCboe BZX.
AMJJ.P. Morgan Alerian MLP Index ETNNYSE Arca.
MBBiShares MBS ETFNASDAQ.
RSPInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight ETFNYSE Arca.
ITOTiShares Core S&P Total U.S. Stock Market ETFNYSE Arca.
SJNKSPDR Bloomberg Barclays Short Term High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
BIVVanguard Intermediate-Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
ILFiShares Latin America 40 ETFNYSE Arca.
CWBSPDR Bloomberg Barclays Convertible Securities ETFNYSE Arca.
VOVanguard Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
IWViShares Russell 3000 ETFNYSE Arca.
CSJiShares 1-3 Year Credit Bond ETFNASDAQ.
SCHXSchwab U.S. Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
IEIiShares 3-7 Year Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ.
SCHBSchwab U.S. Broad Market ETFNYSE Arca.
PCYInvesco Emerging Markets Sovereign Debt ETFNYSE Arca.
DBCInvesco DB Commodity Index Tracking FundNYSE Arca.
EPIWisdomTree India Earnings FundNYSE Arca.
SDYSPDR S&P Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
VFHVanguard Financials ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHDSchwab US Dividend Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
PSQProShares Short QQQNYSE Arca.
HYSPIMCO 0-5 Year High Yield Corporate Bond Index ETFNYSE Arca.
VXUSVanguard Total International Stock ETFNASDAQ.
EWAiShares MSCI Australia ETFNYSE Arca.
VVVanguard Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
IYTiShares Transportation Average ETFCboe BZX.
EUFNiShares MSCI Europe Financials ETFNASDAQ.
IYWiShares U.S. Technology ETFNYSE Arca.
EWIiShares MSCI Italy ETFNYSE Arca.
FXEInvesco CurrencyShares Euro TrustNYSE Arca.
IWSiShares Russell Mid-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
IYFiShares U.S. Financials ETFNYSE Arca.
DBEFXtrackers MSCI EAFE Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
EFViShares MSCI EAFE Value ETFCboe BZX.
IWRiShares Russell Midcap ETFNYSE Arca.
BOTZGlobal X Robotics & Artificial Intelligence ETFNASDAQ.
IGViShares North American Tech-Software ETFCboe BZX.
VBRVanguard Small Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
KWEBKraneShares CSI China Internet ETFNYSE Arca.
NEARiShares Short Maturity Bond ETFCboe BZX.
IXUSiShares Core MSCI Total International Stock ETFNASDAQ.
IWPiShares Russell Mid-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
GOVTiShares U.S. Treasury Bond ETFCboe BZX.
CIUiShares Intermediate Credit Bond ETFNASDAQ.
EWMiShares MSCI Malaysia ETFNYSE Arca.
EFAViShares Edge MSCI Min Vol EAFE ETFCboe BZX.
EWPiShares MSCI Spain ETFNYSE Arca.
HDViShares Core High Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHPSchwab US TIPS ETFNYSE Arca.
SHYGiShares 0-5 Year High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
EZAiShares MSCI South Africa ETFNYSE Arca.
IEViShares Europe ETFNYSE Arca.
EWQiShares MSCI France ETFNYSE Arca.
EWLiShares MSCI Switzerland ETFNYSE Arca.
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ASHRXtrackers Harvest CSI 300 China A-Shares ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHESchwab Emerging Markets Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
VTIPVanguard Short-Term Inflation-Protected Securities ETFNASDAQ.
VMBSVanguard Mortgage-Backed Securities ETFNASDAQ.
VOEVanguard Mid-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
ACWXiShares MSCI ACWI ex U.S. ETFNASDAQ.
QUALiShares Edge MSCI USA Quality Factor ETFCboe BZX.
HEWJiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Japan ETFNYSE Arca.
VDEVanguard Energy ETFNYSE Arca.
EIDOiShares MSCI Indonesia ETFNYSE Arca.
IJKiShares S&P Mid-Cap 400 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
KBWBInvesco KBW Bank ETFNASDAQ.
HEZUiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Eurozone ETFNYSE Arca.
VHTVanguard Health Care ETFNYSE Arca.
VXFVanguard Extended Market ETFNYSE Arca.
VLUEiShares Edge MSCI USA Value Factor ETFCboe BZX.
HEFAiShares Currency Hedged MSCI EAFE ETFCboe BZX.
SPIBSPDR Portfolio Intermediate Term Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
UUPInvesco DB US Dollar Index Bullish FundNYSE Arca.
SRLNSPDR Blackstone/GSO Senior Loan ETFNYSE Arca.
VNQIVanguard Global ex-U.S. Real Estate ETFNASDAQ.
SCHASchwab U.S. Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
SPYGSPDR Portfolio S&P 500 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHHSchwab U.S. REIT ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHGSchwab U.S. Large-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
PGXInvesco Preferred ETFNYSE Arca.
FLRNSPDR Bloomberg Barclays Investment Grade Floating Rate ETFNYSE Arca.
VPLVanguard FTSE Pacific ETFNYSE Arca.
VTEBVanguard Tax-Exempt Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FTSMFirst Trust Enhanced Short Maturity ETFNASDAQ.
FTECFidelity MSCI Information Technology Index ETFNYSE Arca.
SPSBSPDR Portfolio Short Term Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
EPPiShares MSCI Pacific ex-Japan ETFNYSE Arca.
DOGProShares Short Dow30NYSE Arca.
EEMViShares Edge MSCI Min Vol Emerging Markets ETFCboe BZX.
IUSGiShares Core S&P U.S. Growth ETFNASDAQ.
VSSVanguard FTSE All-World ex-US Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
BWXSPDR Bloomberg Barclays International Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
TFISPDR Nuveen Bloomberg Barclays Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
SHMSPDR Nuveen Bloomberg Barclays Short Term Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
IJSiShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
ROBOROBO Global Robotics and Automation Index ETFNYSE Arca.
EWSiShares MSCI Singapore ETFNYSE Arca.
VBKVanguard Small-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
RWXSPDR Dow Jones International Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca.
DGROiShares Core Dividend Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
IYEiShares U.S. Energy ETFNYSE Arca.
IJTiShares S&P Small-Cap 600 Growth ETFNASDAQ.
IDViShares International Select Dividend ETFCboe BZX.
HYLBXtrackers USD High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
JUSTGoldman Sachs JUST U.S. Large Cap Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
EFGiShares MSCI EAFE Growth ETFCboe BZX.
MJETFMG Alternative Harvest ETFNYSE Arca.
SPHDInvesco S&P 500 High Dividend Low Volatility ETFNYSE Arca.
THDiShares MSCI Thailand ETFNYSE Arca.
IHIiShares U.S. Medical Devices ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHZSchwab US Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VPUVanguard Utilities ETFNYSE Arca.
SPABSPDR Portfolio Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
HYDVanEck Vectors High-Yield Municipal Index ETFNYSE Arca.
SPTMSPDR Portfolio Total Stock Market ETFNYSE Arca.
NOBLProShares S&P 500 Dividend Aristocrats ETFCboe BZX.
MGKVanguard Mega Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
ECHiShares MSCI Chile ETFCboe BZX.
SCHOSchwab Short-Term US Treasury ETFNYSE Arca.
VCLTVanguard Long-Term Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ.
RWRSPDR Dow Jones REIT ETFNYSE Arca.
VISVanguard Industrials ETFNYSE Arca.
DBEUXtrackers MSCI Europe Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
IUSViShares Core S&P US Value ETFNASDAQ.
VAWVanguard Materials ETFNYSE Arca.
VGSHVanguard Short-Term Treasury ETFNASDAQ.
DBJPXtrackers MSCI Japan Hedged Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
VDCVanguard Consumer Staples ETFNYSE Arca.
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BLVVanguard Long-Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
SPYVSPDR Portfolio S&P 500 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
SPDWSPDR Portfolio Developed World ex-US ETFNYSE Arca.
VOTVanguard Mid-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
PDBCInvesco Optimum Yield Diversified Commodity Strategy K-1 ETFNASDAQ.
SCHRSchwab Intermediate-Term US Treasury ETFNYSE Arca.
FPEFirst Trust Preferred Securities & Income ETFNYSE Arca.
ERUSiShares MSCI Russia ETFNYSE Arca.
IYGiShares US Financial Services ETFNYSE Arca.
LITGlobal X Lithium & Battery Tech ETFNYSE Arca.
IEURiShares Core MSCI Europe ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHMSchwab U.S. Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
PRFInvesco FTSE RAFI US 1000 ETFNYSE Arca.
SPEMSPDR Portfolio Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHVSchwab U.S. Large-Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
QTECFirst Trust NASDAQ-100 Technology Sector Index FundNASDAQ.
VCRVanguard Consumer Discretionary ETFNYSE Arca.
TOTLSPDR DoubleLine Total Return Tactical ETFNYSE Arca.
FXYInvesco CurrencyShares Japanese Yen TrustNYSE Arca.
FVDFirst Trust Value Line Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca.
TURiShares MSCI Turkey ETFNASDAQ.
GSYInvesco Ultra Short Duration ETFNYSE Arca.
ARKKARK Innovation ETFNYSE Arca.
RPGInvesco S&P 500 Pure Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
IYMiShares U.S. Basic Materials ETFNYSE Arca.
PHBInvesco Fundamental High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
ISTBiShares Core 1-5 Year USD Bond ETFNASDAQ.
EMLPFirst Trust North American Energy Infrastructure FundNYSE Arca.
ACWViShares Edge MSCI Min Vol Global ETFCboe BZX.
SPLGSPDR Portfolio Large Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
RWOSPDR Dow Jones Global Real Estate ETFNYSE Arca.
SKYYFirst Trust Cloud Computing ETFNASDAQ.
ICFiShares Cohen & Steers REIT ETFCboe BZX.
IYHiShares U.S. Healthcare ETFNYSE Arca.
IXCiShares Global Energy ETFNYSE Arca.
ANGLVanEck Vectors Fallen Angel High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
XESSPDR S&P Oil & Gas Equipment & Services ETFNYSE Arca.
RWMProShares Short Russell2000NYSE Arca.
DBOInvesco DB Oil FundNYSE Arca.
IJJiShares S&P Mid-Cap 400 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
DBAInvesco DB Agriculture FundNYSE Arca.
TBFProshares Short 20+ Year TreasuryNYSE Arca.
GSLCGoldman Sachs ActiveBeta U.S. Large Cap Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
FNCLFidelity MSCI Financials Index ETFNYSE Arca.
IGFiShares Global Infrastructure ETFNASDAQ.
FNDXSchwab Fundamental US Large Co. Index ETFNYSE Arca.
REMiShares Mortgage Real Estate ETFCboe BZX.
KIESPDR S&P Insurance ETFNYSE Arca.
ONEQFidelity NASDAQ Composite Index Tracking StockNASDAQ.
LMBSFirst Trust Low Duration Opportunities ETFNASDAQ.
GUNRFlexShares Morningstar Global Upstream Natural Resources Index FundNYSE Arca.
HACKETFMG Prime Cyber Security ETFNYSE Arca.
EWDiShares MSCI Sweden ETFNYSE Arca.
AIAiShares Asia 50 ETFNASDAQ.
IGOViShares International Treasury Bond ETFNASDAQ.
ARKWARK Web x.0 ETFNYSE Arca.
IXNiShares Global Tech ETFNYSE Arca.
STIPiShares 0-5 Year TIPS Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VOOGVanguard S&P 500 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
XARSPDR S&P Aerospace & Defense ETFNYSE Arca.
RYTInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Technology ETFNYSE Arca.
INDYiShares India 50 ETFNASDAQ.
SCJiShares MSCI Japan Small-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
DEMWisdomTree Emerging Markets High Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
IYJiShares U.S. Industrials ETFCboe BZX.
XTiShares Exponential Technologies ETFNASDAQ.
FNDFSchwab Fundamental International Large Co. Index ETFNYSE Arca.
MLPIETRACS Alerian MLP Infrastructure Index ETNNYSE Arca.
VGITVanguard Intermediate-Term Treasury ETFNASDAQ.
JPSTJPMorgan Ultra-Short Income ETFCboe BZX.
GVIiShares Intermediate Government/Credit Bond ETFCboe BZX.
BONDPIMCO Active Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
SLYVSPDR S&P 600 Small Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
ZIVVelocityShares Daily Inverse VIX Medium-Term ETNNASDAQ.
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SPHBInvesco S&P 500 High Beta ETFNYSE Arca.
HEWGiShares Currency Hedged MSCI Germany ETFNASDAQ.
AMZAInfraCap MLP ETFNYSE Arca.
FNDASchwab Fundamental US Small Co. Index ETFNYSE Arca.
XLCCommunication Services Select Sector SPDR FundNYSE Arca.
BBREJPMorgan BetaBuilders MSCI U.S. REIT ETFCboe BZX.
XSDSPDR S&P Semiconductor ETFNYSE Arca.
EUMProShares Short MSCI Emerging MarketsNYSE Arca.
EPOLiShares MSCI Poland ETFNYSE Arca.
SLYGSPDR S&P 600 Small Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
DJPiPath Bloomberg Commodity Index Total Return ETNNYSE Arca.
GSGiShares S&P GSCI Commodity Indexed TrustNYSE Arca.
FDTFirst Trust Developed Markets ex-US AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
VOXVanguard Communication Services ETFNYSE Arca.
VRPInvesco Variable Rate Preferred ETFNYSE Arca.
FFTYInnovator IBD 50 ETFNYSE Arca.
IATiShares U.S. Regional Banks ETFNYSE Arca.
EBNDSPDR Bloomberg Barclays Emerging Markets Local Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
DGRWWisdomTree US Quality Dividend Growth FundNASDAQ.
ITMVanEck Vectors AMT-Free Intermediate Municipal Index ETFNYSE Arca.
SGOLETFS Physical Swiss SharesNYSE Arca.
FBTFirst Trust NYSE Arca Biotechnology Index FundNYSE Arca.
VONGVanguard Russell 1000 Growth ETFNASDAQ.
FXLFirst Trust Technology AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
FTSLFirst Trust Senior Loan FundNASDAQ.
DONWisdomTree U.S. MidCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
SPSMSPDR Portfolio Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
GXCSPDR S&P China ETFNYSE Arca.
FVFirst Trust Dorsey Wright Focus 5 ETFNASDAQ.
CEFSprott Physical Gold and Silver Trust UnitsNYSE Arca.
SPMDSPDR Portfolio Mid Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
IDUiShares U.S. Utilities ETFNYSE Arca.
MDYGSPDR S&P 400 Mid Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
IYZiShares U.S. Telecommunications ETFCboe BZX.
FNDESchwab Fundamental Emerging Markets Large Co. Index ETFNYSE Arca.
CQQQInvesco China Technology ETFNYSE Arca.
IGMiShares North American Tech ETFNYSE Arca.
GBILGoldman Sachs TreasuryAccess 0-1 Year ETFNYSE Arca.
VGLTVanguard Long-Term Treasury ETFNASDAQ.
EPHEiShares MSCI Philippines ETFNYSE Arca.
MLPAGlobal X MLP ETFNYSE Arca.
EWNiShares MSCI Netherlands ETFNYSE Arca.
FMiShares MSCI Frontier 100 ETFNYSE Arca.
IVOGVanguard S&P Mid-Cap 400 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
LRGFiShares Edge MSCI Multifactor USA ETFNYSE Arca.
DFJWisdomTree Japan SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
KBAKraneShares Bosera MSCI China A Share ETFNYSE Arca.
CWISPDR MSCI ACWI ex-US ETFNYSE Arca.
SPTLSPDR Portfolio Long Term Treasury ETFNYSE Arca.
SUBiShares Short-Term National Muni Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FHLCFidelity MSCI Health Care Index ETFNYSE Arca.
GNRSPDR S&P Global Natural Resources ETFNYSE Arca.
IUSBiShares Core Total USD Bond Market ETFNASDAQ.
USMCPrincipal U.S. Mega-Cap Multi-Factor Index ETFNASDAQ.
SPYDSPDR Portfolio S&P 500 High Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
GREKGlobal X MSCI Greece ETFNYSE Arca.
EDVVanguard Extended Duration Treasury ETFNYSE Arca.
VWOBVanguard Emerging Markets Government Bond ETFNASDAQ.
CLYiShares 10+ Year Credit Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
JPINJ.P. Morgan Diversified Return International Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHCSchwab International Small-Cap Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
SDOGALPS Sector Dividend Dogs ETFNYSE Arca.
FEPFirst Trust Europe AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
VNMVanEck Vectors Vietnam ETFNYSE Arca.
INTFiShares Edge MSCI Multifactor Intl ETFNYSE Arca.
VTWOVanguard Russell 2000 ETFNASDAQ.
PICKiShares MSCI Global Metals & Mining Producers ETFCboe BZX.
XMLVInvesco S&P MidCap Low Volatility ETFNYSE Arca.
VYMIVanguard International High Dividend Yield ETFNASDAQ.
PXHInvesco FTSE RAFI Emerging Markets ETFNYSE Arca.
XSLVInvesco S&P SmallCap Low Volatility ETFNYSE Arca.
CREDiShares U.S. Credit Bond ETFNASDAQ.
FENYFidelity MSCI Energy Index ETFNYSE Arca.
PZAInvesco National AMT-Free Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
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EMQQEmerging Markets Internet & Ecommerce ETFNYSE Arca.
PPAInvesco Aerospace & Defense ETFNYSE Arca.
HYLSFirst Trust Tactical High Yield ETFNASDAQ.
VONVVanguard Russell 1000 Value ETFNASDAQ.
DGSWisdomTree Emerging Markets SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
PSCHInvesco S&P SmallCap Health Care ETFNASDAQ.
FIDUFidelity MSCI Industrials Index ETFNYSE Arca.
FEMFirst Trust Emerging Markets AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
FXOFirst Trust Financials AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
SPLBSPDR Portfolio Long Term Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
IXGiShares Global Financials ETFNYSE Arca.
IPESPDR Bloomberg Barclays TIPS ETFNYSE Arca.
CORPPIMCO Investment Grade Corporate Bond Index ETFNYSE Arca.
WIPSPDR FTSE International Government Inflation-Protected Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
RPVInvesco S&P 500 Pure Value ETFNYSE Arca.
BSJIInvesco BulletShares 2018 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
IEOiShares U.S. Oil & Gas Exploration & Production ETFCboe BZX.
PRFZInvesco FTSE RAFI US 1500 Small-Mid ETFNASDAQ.
FXRFirst Trust Industrials/Producer Durables AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
FEXFirst Trust Large Cap Core AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
DLSWisdomTree International SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
DFEWisdomTree Europe SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
FTCSFirst Trust Capital Strength ETFNASDAQ.
BSJJInvesco BulletShares 2019 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
PNQIInvesco NASDAQ Internet ETFNASDAQ.
TLHiShares 10-20 Year Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
SLQDiShares 0-5 Year Investment Grade Corporate Bond ETFNASDAQ.
EXIiShares Global Industrials ETFNYSE Arca.
PGFInvesco Financial Preferred ETFNYSE Arca.
GEMGoldman Sachs ActiveBeta Emerging Markets Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
PPHVanEck Vectors Pharmaceutical ETFNASDAQ.
PDPInvesco DWA Momentum ETFNASDAQ.
FDISFidelity MSCI Consumer Discretionary Index ETFNYSE Arca.
FXBInvesco CurrencyShares British Pound Sterling TrustNYSE Arca.
PHYSSprott Physical Gold Trust UnitsNYSE Arca.
IAIiShares U.S. Broker-Dealers & Securities Exchanges ETFNYSE Arca.
LEMBiShares J.P. Morgan EM Local Currency Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
BLOKAmplify Transformational Data Sharing ETFNYSE Arca.
USRTiShares Core U.S. REIT ETFNYSE Arca.
SPTSSPDR Portfolio Short Term Treasury ETFNYSE Arca.
IYCiShares U.S. Consumer Services ETFNYSE Arca.
CMFiShares California Muni Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FXHFirst Trust Health Care AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
FNDCSchwab Fundamental International Small Co. Index ETFNYSE Arca.
OGIGO'Shares Global Internet Giants ETFNYSE Arca.
IGHGProShares Investment Grade-Interest Rate HedgedCboe BZX.
MGCVanguard Mega Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
DESWisdomTree U.S. SmallCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
DWXSPDR S&P International Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
PTLCPacer Trendpilot US Large Cap ETFCboe BZX.
MGVVanguard Mega Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
BSJKInvesco BulletShares 2020 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
MOATVanEck Vectors Morningstar Wide Moat ETFNYSE Arca.
EELVInvesco S&P Emerging Markets Low Volatility ETFNYSE Arca.
SDIVGlobal X Superdividend ETFNYSE Arca.
DSIiShares MSCI KLD 400 Social ETFNYSE Arca.
VIGIVanguard International Dividend Appreciation ETFNASDAQ.
MDYVSPDR S&P 400 Mid Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
REETiShares Global REIT ETFNYSE Arca.
ITESPDR Bloomberg Barclays Intermediate Term Treasury ETFNYSE Arca.
IWYiShares Russell Top 200 Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
QDFFlexShares Quality Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca.
FDLFirst Trust Morningstar Dividend Leaders Index FundNYSE Arca.
SPHQInvesco S&P 500 Quality ETFNYSE Arca.
AORiShares Core Growth Allocation ETFNYSE Arca.
AOMiShares Core Moderate Allocation ETFNYSE Arca.
COMTiShares Commodities Select Strategy ETFNASDAQ.
IBNDSPDR Bloomberg Barclays International Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
EMHYiShares Emerging Markets High Yield Bond ETFCboe BZX.
WPSiShares International Developed Property ETFNYSE Arca.
FXZFirst Trust Materials AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
ECONColumbia Emerging Markets Consumer ETFNYSE Arca.
DLNWisdomTree U.S. LargeCap Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
MOOVanEck Vectors Agribusiness ETFNYSE Arca.
Start Printed Page 66499
IBUYAmplify Online Retail ETFNASDAQ.
BSCJInvesco BulletShares 2019 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
GSIEGoldman Sachs ActiveBeta International Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
TANInvesco Solar ETFNYSE Arca.
RINGiShares MSCI Global Gold Miners ETFNASDAQ.
VNLAJanus Henderson Short Duration Income ETFNYSE Arca.
FXNFirst Trust Energy AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
PPLTETFS Physical Platinum SharesNYSE Arca.
EEMOInvesco S&P Emerging Markets Momentum ETFNYSE Arca.
VXZiPath S&P 500 VIX Mid-Term Futures ETN Class ANYSE Arca.
RODMHartford Multifactor Developed Markets (ex-US) ETFNYSE Arca.
VIOOVanguard S&P Small-Cap 600 ETFNYSE Arca.
EEMAiShares MSCI Emerging Markets Asia ETFNASDAQ.
URAGlobal X Uranium ETFNYSE Arca.
BSCKInvesco BulletShares 2020 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
QAIIQ Hedge Multi-Strategy Tracker ETFNYSE Arca.
REMXVanEck Vectors Rare Earth/Strategic Metals ETFNYSE Arca.
STPZPIMCO 1-5 Year US TIPS Index ETFNYSE Arca.
FPXFirst Trust US Equity Opportunities ETFNYSE Arca.
FXCInvesco CurrencyShares Canadian Dollar TrustNYSE Arca.
IAGGiShares Core International Aggregate Bond ETFCboe BZX.
PXFInvesco FTSE RAFI Developed Markets ex-U.S. ETFNYSE Arca.
BBHVanEck Vectors Biotech ETFNASDAQ.
BSCIInvesco BulletShares 2018 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VONEVanguard Russell 1000 ETFNASDAQ.
PWVInvesco Dynamic Large Cap Value ETFNYSE Arca.
CIBRFirst Trust NASDAQ. Cybersecurity ETFNASDAQ.
TOKiShares MSCI Kokusai ETFNYSE Arca.
ARGTGlobal X MSCI Argentina ETFNYSE Arca.
IYKiShares U.S. Consumer Goods ETFNYSE Arca.
IYYiShares Dow Jones U.S. ETFNYSE Arca.
IHFiShares U.S. Healthcare Providers ETFNYSE Arca.
TDTTFlexShares iBoxx 3 Year Target Duration TIPS Index FundNYSE Arca.
CFOVictoryShares US 500 Enhanced Volatility Wtd ETFNASDAQ.
CLRGIQ Chaikin U.S. Large Cap ETFNASDAQ.
RTMInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Materials ETFNYSE Arca.
SMINiShares MSCI India Small Cap ETFCboe BZX.
RWLOppenheimer S&P 500 Revenue ETFNYSE Arca.
SCHKSchwab 1000 Index ETFNYSE Arca.
PSIInvesco Dynamic Semiconductors ETFNYSE Arca.
RHSInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Consumer Staples ETFNYSE Arca.
FTAFirst Trust Large Cap Value AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
FCGFirst Trust Natural Gas ETFNYSE Arca.
DDWMWisdomTree Dynamic Currency Hedged International Equity FundCboe BZX.
DBBInvesco DB Base Metals FundNYSE Arca.
MNAIQ Merger Arbitrage ETFNYSE Arca.
PKWInvesco Buyback Achievers ETFNASDAQ.
EWOiShares MSCI Austria ETFNYSE Arca.
NANRSPDR S&P North American Natural Resources ETFNYSE Arca.
HYMBSPDR Nuveen S&P High Yield Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
IWCiShares Micro-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
XLGInvesco S&P 500 Top 50 ETFNYSE Arca.
SILGlobal X Silver Miners ETFNYSE Arca.
FXDFirst Trust Consumer Discretionary AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
BSCLInvesco BulletShares 2021 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
ICVTiShares Convertible Bond ETFCboe BZX.
BABInvesco Taxable Municipal Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FLTRVanEck Vectors Investment Grade Floating Rate ETFNYSE Arca.
PSKSPDR Wells Fargo Preferred Stock ETFNYSE Arca.
IXJiShares Global Healthcare ETFNYSE Arca.
EEMSiShares MSCI Emerging Markets Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
AOAiShares Core Aggressive Allocation ETFNYSE Arca.
GWXSPDR S&P International Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
FRELFidelity MSCI Real Estate Index ETFNYSE Arca.
RFDIFirst Trust Riverfront Dynamic Developed International ETFNASDAQ.
FMATFidelity MSCI Materials Index ETFNYSE Arca.
SLXVanEck Vectors Steel ETFNYSE Arca.
WOODiShares Global Timber & Forestry ETFNASDAQ.
IEZiShares U.S. Oil Equipment & Services ETFNYSE Arca.
FEMSFirst Trust Emerging Markets Small Cap AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
CHIQGlobal X China Consumer ETFNYSE Arca.
JKDiShares Morningstar Large-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
IFVFirst Trust Dorsey Wright International Focus 5 ETFNASDAQ.
BSCMInvesco BulletShares 2022 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
Start Printed Page 66500
FTXOFirst Trust NASDAQ. Bank ETFNASDAQ.
SCIFVanEck Vectors India Small-Cap Index ETFNYSE Arca.
IPACiShares Core MSCI Pacific ETFNYSE Arca.
FTCFirst Trust Large Cap Growth AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
PALLETFS Physical Palladium SharesNYSE Arca.
RDVYFirst Trust Rising Dividend Achievers ETFNASDAQ.
XPHSPDR S&P Pharmaceuticals ETFNYSE Arca.
HYEMVanEck Vectors Emerging Markets High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
ICSHiShares Ultra Short-Term Bond ETFCboe BZX.
URTHiShares MSCI World ETFNYSE Arca.
BARGraniteShares Gold SharesNYSE Arca.
BNOUnited States Brent Oil Fund LPNYSE Arca.
RYHInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Health Care ETFNYSE Arca.
BSJLInvesco Bulletshares 2021 High Yield Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
USCIUnited States Commodity Index FundNYSE Arca.
RYFInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Financials ETFNYSE Arca.
IVOOVanguard S&P Mid-Cap 400 ETFNYSE Arca.
SLYSPDR S&P 600 Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
XHESPDR S&P Health Care Equipment ETFNYSE Arca.
IBDLiShares iBonds Dec 2020 Term Corporate ETFNYSE Arca.
AGGYWisdomTree Barclays Yield Enhanced U.S. Aggregate Bond FundNYSE Arca.
FMBFirst Trust Managed Municipal ETFNASDAQ.
IFGLiShares International Developed Real Estate ETFNASDAQ.
IBDKiShares iBonds Dec 2019 Term Corporate ETFNYSE Arca.
IBDMiShares iBonds Dec 2021 Term Corporate ETFNYSE Arca.
IQDFFlexShares International Quality Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca.
FLTBFidelity Limited Term Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
KSAiShares MSCI Saudi Arabia ETFNYSE Arca.
BLCNReality Shares Nasdaq NextGen Economy ETFNASDAQ.
IOOiShares Global 100 ETFNYSE Arca.
VOOVVanguard S&P 500 Value ETFNYSE Arca.
EWXSPDR S&P Emerging Markets Small Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
OUSAO'Shares FTSE US Quality Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
FNXFirst Trust Mid Cap Core AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
FUTYFidelity MSCI Utilities Index ETFNYSE Arca.
DHSWisdomTree U.S. High Dividend FundNYSE Arca.
DVYEiShares Emerging Markets Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
HYGHiShares Interest Rate Hedged High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
MLPXGlobal X MLP & Energy Infrastructure ETFNYSE Arca.
AGZiShares Agency Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FDDFirst Trust Stoxx European Select Dividend Index FundNYSE Arca.
RGIInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Industrials ETFNYSE Arca.
SOCLGlobal X Social Media ETFNASDAQ.
IGEiShares North American Natural Resources ETFCboe BZX.
TDTFFlexShares iBoxx 5 Year Target Duration TIPS Index FundNYSE Arca.
IPAYETFMG Prime Mobile Payments ETFNYSE Arca.
TDIVFirst Trust NASDAQ Technology Dividend Index FundNASDAQ.
JKEiShares Morningstar Large-Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
RYEInvesco S&P 500 Equal Weight Energy ETFNYSE Arca.
IHEiShares U.S. Pharmaceuticals ETFNYSE Arca.
PJPInvesco Dynamic Pharmaceuticals ETFNYSE Arca.
PIDInvesco International Dividend Achievers ETFNASDAQ.
PEYInvesco High Yield Equity Dividend Achievers ETFNASDAQ.
ILTBiShares Core 10+ Year USD Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
RDIVOppenheimer S&P Ultra Dividend Revenue ETFNYSE Arca.
LVHDLegg Mason Low Volatility High Dividend ETFNASDAQ.
EZMWisdomTree U.S. MidCap Earnings FundNYSE Arca.
ARKGARK Genomic Revolution Multi-Sector ETFNYSE Arca.
HFXIIQ 50 Percent Hedged FTSE International ETFNYSE Arca.
SNLNHighland iBoxx Senior Loan ETFNASDAQ.
CSMLIQ Chaikin U.S. Small Cap ETFNASDAQ.
FXUFirst Trust Utilities AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
PSLVSprott Physical Silver TrustNYSE Arca.
QQEWFirst Trust Nasdaq-100 Equal Weighted Index FundNASDAQ.
EMGFiShares Edge MSCI Multifactor Emerging Markets ETFCboe BZX.
FXFInvesco CurrencyShares Swiss Franc TrustNYSE Arca.
HYZDWisdomTree Interest Rate Hedged High Yield Bond FundNASDAQ.
AGGPIQ Enhanced Core Plus Bond U.S. ETFNYSE Arca.
AIEQAI Powered Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
PCEFInvesco CEF Income Composite ETFNYSE Arca.
KBWYInvesco KBW Premium Yield Equity REIT ETFNASDAQ.
IBDNiShares iBonds Dec 2022 Term Corporate ETFNYSE Arca.
PBPInvesco S&P 500 BuyWrite ETFNYSE Arca.
CFAVictoryShares US 500 Volatility Wtd ETFNASDAQ.
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BWZSPDR Bloomberg Barclays Short Term International Treasury Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VIIXVelocityShares VIX Short-Term ETNNASDAQ.
SJBProShares Short High YieldNYSE Arca.
FSTAFidelity MSCI Consumer Staples Index ETFNYSE Arca.
DWMWisdomTree International Equity FundNYSE Arca.
ESGEiShares MSCI EM ESG Optimized ETFNASDAQ.
FXGFirst Trust Consumer Staples AlphaDEX FundNYSE Arca.
CXSEWisdomTree China ex-State-Owned Enterprises FundNASDAQ.
EQALInvesco Russell 1000 Equal Weight ETFNYSE Arca.
SMDVProShares Russell 2000 Dividend Growers ETFCboe BZX.
MXIiShares Global Materials ETFNYSE Arca.
IHDGWisdomTree International Hedged Quality Dividend Growth FundNYSE Arca.
FYXFirst Trust Small Cap Core AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
JPUSJPMorgan Diversified Return U.S. Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
CGWInvesco S&P Global Water Index ETFNYSE Arca.
SIZEiShares Edge MSCI USA Size Factor ETFNYSE Arca.
XNTKSPDR NYSE Technology ETFNYSE Arca.
CDCVictoryShares US EQ Income Enhanced Volatility Wtd ETFNASDAQ.
SIVRETFS Physical Silver SharesNYSE Arca.
IDLVInvesco S&P International Developed Low Volatility ETFNYSE Arca.
FBNDFidelity Total Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
VRIGInvesco Variable Rate Investment Grade ETFNASDAQ.
XMXWisdomTree Global ex-Mexico Equity FundNYSE Arca.
QABAFirst Trust NASDAQ ABA Community Bank Index FundNASDAQ.
RIGSRiverFront Strategic Income FundNYSE Arca.
FDRRFidelity Dividend ETF for Rising RatesNYSE Arca.
EPUiShares MSCI Peru ETFNYSE Arca.
QYLDRecon Capital NASDAQ 100 Covered Call ETFNASDAQ.
CSMProShares Large Cap Core PlusCboe BZX.
FINXGlobal X FinTech ETFNASDAQ.
GLTRETFS Physical Precious Metals Basket SharesNYSE Arca.
MDIVFirst Trust Multi-Asset Diversified Income Index FundNASDAQ.
AADRAdvisorShares Dorsey Wright ADR ETFNYSE Arca.
PFXFVanEck Vectors Preferred Securities ex Financials ETFNYSE Arca.
PGHYInvesco Global Short Term High Yield Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
BKFiShares MSCI BRIC ETFNYSE Arca.
PSCTInvesco S&P SmallCap Information Technology ETFNASDAQ.
JPNXtrackers Japan JPX-Nikkei 400 Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
ULVMUSAA MSCI USA Value Momentum Blend Index ETFNYSE Arca.
AMUETRACS Alerian MLP Index ETNNYSE Arca.
TFLOiShares Treasury Floating Rate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
FIXDFirst Trust TCW Opportunistic Fixed Income ETFNASDAQ.
EESWisdomTree U.S. SmallCap Earnings FundNYSE Arca.
FVCFirst Trust Dorsey Wright Dynamic Focus 5 ETFNASDAQ.
EDIVSPDR S&P Emerging Markets Dividend ETFNYSE Arca.
FCVTFirst Trust SSI Strategic Convertible Securities ETFNASDAQ.
HDGEAdvisorShares Ranger Equity Bear ETFNYSE Arca.
IBDOiShares iBonds Dec 2023 Term Corporate ETFNYSE Arca.
TMFCMotley Fool 100 Index ETFCboe BZX.
FEUSPDR STOXX Europe 50 ETFNYSE Arca.
PKBInvesco Dynamic Building & Construction ETFNYSE Arca.
PTMCPacer Trendpilot US Mid Cap ETFCboe BZX.
FTGCFirst Trust Global Tactical Commodity Strategy FundNASDAQ.
ESGDiShares MSCI EAFE ESG Optimized ETFNASDAQ.
KXIiShares Global Consumer Staples ETFNYSE Arca.
PWBInvesco Dynamic Large Cap Growth ETFNYSE Arca.
FXAInvesco CurrencyShares Australian Dollar TrustNYSE Arca.
REGLProShares S&P MidCap 400 Dividend Aristocrats ETFCboe BZX.
JPGEJ.P. Morgan Diversified Return Global Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
BSCNInvesco Bulletshares 2023 Corporate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
JKGiShares Morningstar Mid-Cap ETFNYSE Arca.
GMFSPDR S&P Emerging Asia Pacific ETFNYSE Arca.
NUAGNuShares Enhanced Yield U.S. Aggregate Bond ETFNYSE Arca.
NIBiPath Bloomberg Cocoa Subindex Total Return ETNNYSE Arca.
PIEInvesco DWA Emerging Markets Momentum ETFNASDAQ.
PUTWWisdomTree CBOE S&P 500 PutWrite Strategy FundNYSE Arca.
FYCFirst Trust Small Cap Growth AlphaDEX FundNASDAQ.
SUSAiShares MSCI USA ESG Select ETFNYSE Arca.
RXIiShares Global Consumer Discretionary ETFNYSE Arca.
IPKWInvesco International BuyBack Achievers ETFNASDAQ.
TLTEFlexShares Morningstar Emerging Markets Factor Tilt IndexNYSE Arca.
UDNInvesco DB US Dollar Index Bearish FundNYSE Arca.
HDEFXtrackers MSCI EAFE High Dividend Yield Equity ETFNYSE Arca.
ELDWisdomTree Emerging Markets Local Debt FundNYSE Arca.
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XTLSPDR S&P Telecom ETFNYSE Arca.
ZROZPIMCO 25+ Year Zero Coupon US Treasury Index ETFNYSE Arca.
ATMPBarclays ETN+ Select MLP ETNNYSE Arca.
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End Preamble

Footnotes

1.  On May 31, 2012, the Commission approved the Plan, as modified by Amendment No. 1. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 67091, 77 FR 33498 (June 6, 2012) (File No. 4-631) (“Approval Order”). On February 20, 2013, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Second Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 68953, 78 FR 13113 (February 26, 2013). On April 3, 2013, the Commission approved the Third Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 69287, 78 FR 21483 (April 10, 2013). On August 27, 2013, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Fourth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 70273, 78 FR 54321 (September 3, 2013). On September 26, 2013, the Commission approved the Fifth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 70530, 78 FR 60937 (October 2, 2013). On January 7, 2014, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Sixth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 71247, 79 FR 2204 (January 13, 2014). On April 3, 2014, the Commission approved the Seventh Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 71851, 79 FR 19687 (April 9, 2014). On February 19, 2015, the Commission approved the Eight Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 74323, 80 FR 10169 (February 25, 2015). On October 22, 2015, the Commission approved the Ninth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 76244, 80 FR 66099 (October 28, 2015). On April 21, 2016, the Commission approved the Tenth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 77679, 81 FR 24908 (April 27, 2016). On August 26, 2016, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Eleventh Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 78703, 81 FR 60397 (September 1, 2016). On January 19, 2017, the Commission approved the Twelfth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 79845, 82 FR 8551 (January 26, 2017). On April 13, 2017, the Commission approved the Thirteenth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 80455, 82 FR 18519 (April 19, 2017). On April 28, 2017, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Fourteenth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 80549, 82 FR 20928 (May 4, 2017). On September 26, 2017, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Fifteenth Amendment to Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 81720, 82 FR 45922 (October 2, 2017). On March 15, 2018, the Commission noticed for immediate effectiveness the Sixteenth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 82887, 83 FR 12414 (March 21, 2018) (File No. 4-631). On April 12, 2018, the Commission approved the Seventeenth Amendment to the Plan. See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 83044, 83 FR 17205 (April 18, 2018).

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4.  See Letter from Elizabeth King, General Counsel and Corporate Secretary, NYSE, to Brent Fields, Secretary, Commission, dated November 2, 2018 (“Transmittal Letter”).

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5.  Unless otherwise specified, the terms used herein have the same meaning as set forth in the Plan.

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6.  All times are Eastern Standard or ET.

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8.  See 17 CFR 242.608(a)(4) and (a)(5).

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9.  See Transmittal Letter, supra note 4. The statement of the purpose and summary of the amendment and the information required by Rule 608(a)(4) and (5) is reproduced verbatim from the Transmittal Letter unless otherwise noted; cross-references have been revised to conform with the footnote sequencing of this notice.

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11.  17 CFR 242.603(b). The Plan refers to this entity as the Processor.

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12.  See Section VIII of the Plan.

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13.  See supra note 1.

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14.  See id.

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15.  See id.

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16.  The implementation of Phase I of the Plan began on April 8, 2013 and ended on May 31, 2013. Phase I applied to securities included in the S&P 500 and Russell 1000 and some high volume ETPs from 9:45 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. During Phase I, the Plan did not operate during the market open and close. The implementation of the first part of Phase II began on August 5, 2013 and ended on September 3, 2013. The first part of Phase II applied to all NMS securities beginning at 9:30 a.m. and ending at 3:45 p.m. Price Bands were calculated by applying double the Percentage Parameters during 9:30 to 9:45 a.m. and during 3:35 to 3:45 p.m. The implementation of the second part of Phase II began on February 24, 2014. The second part of Phase II added Price Bands for the last 15 minutes of trading from 3:45 to 4:00 p.m. and applied to all exchange-listed securities except for Nasdaq. On May 12, 2104, the second part of Phase 2 was implemented for Nasdaq-listed securities.

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17.  See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 62252 (June 10, 2010), 75 FR 34186 (June 16, 2010) (SR-BATS-2010-014; SR-EDGA-2010-01; SR-EDGX2010-01; SR-BX-2010-037; SR-ISE-2010-48; SR-NYSE-2010-39; SR-NYSEAmex-2010-46; SR-NYSEArca-2010-41; SR-NASDAQ-2010-061; SR-CHX-2010-10; SR-NSX-2010-05; SR-CBOE-2010-047) (Order Granting Accelerated Approval to Proposed Rule Changes Relating to Trading Pauses Due to Extraordinary Market Volatility).

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18.  The 10% threshold is for securities in the S&P 500. A 30% price movement is required for all other listed securities priced above $1.00 and a 50% price movement is for all listed securities priced below $1.00. Calculation of whether a securities price meets the required threshold is based on the price of executed trades.

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19.  For example, the number of multiple cancellation events decreased after the implementation of the Plan. See page 34, Table 15 of the Limit Up—Limit Down; National Market System Plan Assessment to Address Extraordinary Market Volatility (the “Supplemental Joint Assessment” or “Assessment”), available athttps://www.sec.gov/​comments/​4-631/​4631-39.pdf (indicating a decrease from an average of 35.63 to 13.45 multiple cancelation events per month from the time during the SSCB Pilot Mechanism was in effect to after the Plan was fully implemented). For purposes of the Joint Assessment, a multiple cancellation event is an event in which there were six or more cancelled trade reports for a single stock during the day.

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20.  See Supplemental Joint Assessment, id.

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21.  See “ `Limit Up-Limit Down” Pilot Plan and Extraordinary Transitory Volatility”, by Paul Hughes, John Ritter, and Hao Zhang, DERA, dated December 2017, available at https://www.sec.gov/​comments/​4-631/​4631-2830173-161647.pdf.

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22.  See Appendix B, Section III of the Plan.

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23.  See the Supplemental Joint Assessment, supra note 19.

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24.  Id. at page 19.

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26.  Id. at page 35.

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27.  Id. at page 39.

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28.  See the Supplemental Joint Assessment, supra note 19, at page 39.

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30.  Id. at page 54.

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32.  Section V(B)(1) of the Plan provides that the first Reference Price for a Trading Day shall be the Opening Price on the Primary Listing Exchange in an NMS Stock if such Opening Price occurs less than five minutes after the start of Regular Trading Hours.

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33.  See Securities Exchange Act Release No. 77205 (February 22, 2016), 81 FR 10315 (February 29, 2016) (“Amendment No. 10 Notice”).

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35.  An “unwarranted Trading Pause” is one that occurs because of factors unrelated to trading volatility. For example, if the Price Bands based on poor Reference Prices result in a Trading Pause, such Trading Pause would be considered unwarranted. Unwarranted Trading Pauses in illiquid stocks are typically characterized by wide or skewed spreads between buy and sell orders and no trading activity leading into the Trading Pause. Another example of an unwarranted Trading Pause is discussed below under the section entitled Proposal to Amend Calculation of Percentage Parameters beginning on page 21.

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36.  See “The Effects of Amendment No. 10 of the `Limit Up-Limit Down” Pilot Plan”, by Paul Hughes, DERA, dated December 2017, available at https://www.sec.gov/​comments/​4-631/​4631-2830189-161648.pdf.

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37.  Id. at 2.

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38.  Id. at page 4.

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39.  See Research Note: Equity Market Volatility on August 24, 2015, by Commission Staff of the Office of Analytics and Research, Division of Trading and Markets, dated December 2015, available at https://www.sec.gov/​marketstructure/​research/​equity_​market_​volatility.pdf.

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40.  See Securities Exchange Act Release Nos. 79846 (January 19, 2017), 82 FR 8548 (January 26, 2017) (SR-NYSEArca-2016-130) (Approval Order); 79884 (January 26, 2017), 82 FR 8968 (February 1, 2017) (SR-BatsBZX-2016-61) (Approval Order); 79876 (January 25, 2017), 82 FR 8888 (January 31, 2017) (SR-Nasdaq-2016-131) (Approval Order). The Primary Listing Exchanges implemented these changes to their automated reopenings on November 20, 2017.

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41.  For example, if there is selling pressure, the auction reference price will be the lower Price Band. The lower Auction Collars would be 5% below that auction reference price (or $0.15 for stocks with a reference price below $3.00). To address mean price reversion, the upper Auction Collar will be the upper Price Band.

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42.  See U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Equity Market Structure Advisory Committee, Recommendations for Rulemaking on Issues of Market Quality, dated November 29, 2016, available at https://www.sec.gov/​spotlight/​emsac/​emsac-recommendations-rulemaking-market-quality.pdf.

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43.  The Participants will address the EMSAC recommendations in their first annual report regarding the Plan's operation, proposed herein and discussed below.

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44.  See supra note 1, 77 FR 33498 at 33508.

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45.  See Supplemental Joint Assessment, supra note 19.

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46.  See Appendix B, Section III of the Plan.

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47.  See Supplemental Joint Assessment, supra note 19.

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48.  The Participants understand the data requested pursuant to proposed Appendix B.I may be used by the Commission for analysis and assessment of the Plan and that any portion of the data utilized as part of a public report produced by the Commission would be included on an anonymous and aggregated basis.

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49.  See U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Equity Market Structure Advisory Committee, Recommendations for Rulemaking on Issues of Market Quality, dated November 29, 2016, available at https://www.sec.gov/​spotlight/​emsac/​emsac-recommendations-rulemaking-market-quality.pdf.

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50.  As is the case today with proposed amendments to National Market System Plan submitted pursuant to Rule 608 of Regulation NMS, 17 CFR 242.608, and published by the Commission for public comment, the Participants would consult with Commission staff when evaluating comments submitted by the public on the Annual Report and whether a response is necessary. The Participants note that a similar process is also currently in place when evaluating public comments submitted on proposed rule changes submitted by self-regulatory organizations under Section 19(b) of the Exchange Act. Neither Rule 608 nor Section 19(b) of the Exchange Act, 15 U.S.C. 78s(b), require that the Participants respond to each comment submitted on a proposed amendment to a National Market System Plan or rule change proposed to an individual exchange rule. Nonetheless, as with current practice, potential public comments on the reports proposed herein that raise material issues relevant to the Plan's operation would likely warrant a response from the Participants.

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51.  If the Processor has not yet disseminated Price Bands, but a Reference Price is available, a Trading Center may calculate and apply Price Bands based on the same Reference Price that the Processor would use for calculating such Price Bands until such trading center receives Price Bands from the Processor.

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52.  The Participants would include in an Annual Report an analysis of the amendments proposed herein to Section V.A.I of the Plan concerning the calculation of the Percentage Parameters if implemented by the Participants during the period covered by that Annual Report.

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53.  The Commission understands that this reference to “Advisors” is related to Section II(D) of the plan, which discusses the Advisory Committee.

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54.  See text accompanying 82 FR 45922, note 1, supra.

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55.  One academic study examined trading pauses during the SSCB Pilot and LULD Pilot and found that, on average, trading pauses increase volatility and widen bid-ask spreads. Hautsch, Nikolaus and Akos Horvath, 2018. “How Effective Are Trading Pauses?”, J ournal of Financial Economics, forthcoming, available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/​science/​article/​pii/​S0304405X18302356.

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56.  Another DERA study looked at the frequency of Trading Pauses around the introduction of Limit up Limit Down and found that a disproportionate number of trading pauses occurred during the five minutes after the opening bands contracted, i.e. 9:45-9:50 a.m. See Moise, C. and P. Flaherty, 2017. “Limit Up-Limit Down Pilot Plan and Associated Events”, SEC White Paper, available at https://www.sec.gov/​dera/​staff-papers/​whitepapers/​10mar17moiseflahertyluld.

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BILLING CODE 8011-01-P

BILLING CODE 8011-01-C

BILLING CODE 8011-01-P

[FR Doc. 2018-27819 Filed 12-21-18 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 8011-01-C