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Inflation Adjustment of Civil Monetary Penalties

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Federal Maritime Commission.


Final rule.


The Commission is publishing its adjustments to inflation annually, pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015 (2015 Act). The 2015 Act requires that agencies adjust and publish their civil penalties by January 15 each year.


This rule is effective on February 7, 2019, and is applicable beginning January 15, 2019.

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Tyler Wood, General Counsel, Federal Maritime Commission, 800 North Capitol Street NW, Room 1018, Washington, DC 20573; (202) 523-5740.

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This rule adjusts the civil monetary penalties assessable by the Commission in accordance with the 2015 Act, which became effective on November 2, 2015, § 701 of Public Law 114-74. The 2015 Act further amended the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990 (FCPIAA), Public Law 101-410, 104 Stat. 890 (codified as amended at 28 U.S.C. 2461 note), in order to improve the effectiveness of civil monetary penalties and to maintain their deterrent effect.

The 2015 Act requires agencies to adjust civil monetary penalties under their jurisdiction by January 15 each year, based on changes in the consumer price index (CPI-U) using data from October in the previous calendar year. On December 14, 2018, the Office of Management and Budget published guidance stating that the CPI-U multiplier for October 2018 is 1.02522.[1] In order to complete the adjustment for January 2019, the Commission must multiply the most recent civil penalty amounts in 46 CFR part 506.

Rulemaking Analyses and Notices

Notice and Effective Date

Adjustments under the FCPIAA, as amended by the 2015 Act, are not subject to the procedural rulemaking requirements of the Administrative Procedure Act (APA) (5 U.S.C. 553), including the requirements for prior notice, an opportunity for comment, and a delay between the issuance of a final rule and its effective date.[2] As noted above, the 2015 Act requires that the Commission adjust its civil monetary penalties no later than January 15 of each year.

Congressional Review Act

The rule is not a “major rule” as defined by the Congressional Review Act, codified at 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq. The rule will not result in: (1) An annual effect on the economy of $100,000,000 or more; (2) a major increase in costs or prices; or (3) significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies. 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Regulatory Flexibility Act

The Regulatory Flexibility Act (codified as amended at 5 U.S.C. 601-612) provides that whenever an agency promulgates a final rule after being required to publish a notice of proposed rulemaking under the APA (5 U.S.C. 553), the agency must prepare and make available a final regulatory flexibility analysis (FRFA) describing the impact of the rule on small entities. 5 U.S.C. 604. As indicated above, this final rule is not subject to the APA's notice and comment requirements, and the Commission is not required to prepare Start Printed Page 2460an FRFA in conjunction with this final rule.

Paperwork Reduction Act

The Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3521) requires an agency to seek and receive approval from the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) before collecting information from the public. 44 U.S.C. 3507. The agency must submit collections of information in rules to OMB in conjunction with the publication of the notice of proposed rulemaking. 5 CFR 1320.11. This final rule does not contain any collections of information, as defined by 44 U.S.C. 3502(3) and 5 CFR 1320.3(c).

Regulation Identifier Number

The Commission assigns a regulation identifier number (RIN) to each regulatory action listed in the Unified Agenda of Federal Regulatory and Deregulatory Actions (Unified Agenda). The Regulatory Information Service Center publishes the Unified Agenda in April and October of each year. You may use the RIN contained in the heading at the beginning of this document to find this action in the Unified Agenda, available at:​public/​do/​eAgendaMain.

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List of Subjects in 46 CFR Part 506

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Penalties
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For the reasons stated in the preamble, part 506 of title 46 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:

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1. The authority citation for part 506 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 28 U.S.C. 2461.

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2. Amend § 506.4 by revising paragraph (d) to read as follows:

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Cost of living adjustments of civil monetary penalties.
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(d) Inflation adjustment. Maximum Civil Monetary Penalties within the jurisdiction of the Federal Maritime Commission are adjusted for inflation as follows:

United States code citationCivil monetary penalty descriptionMaximum penalty as of January 15, 2018Maximum penalty as of January 15, 2019
46 U.S.C. 42304Adverse impact on U.S. carriers by foreign shipping practices2,052,1072,103,861
46 U.S.C. 41107(a)Knowing and Willful violation/Shipping Act of 1984, or Commission regulation or order58,56260,039
46 U.S.C. 41107(b)Violation of Shipping Act of 1984, Commission regulation or order, not knowing and willful11,71212,007
46 U.S.C. 41108(b)Operating in foreign commerce after tariff suspension117,125120,079
46 U.S.C. 42104Failure to provide required reports, etc./Merchant Marine Act of 19209,2399,472
46 U.S.C. 42106Adverse shipping conditions/Merchant Marine Act of 19201,847,6631,894,261
46 U.S.C. 42108Operating after tariff or service contract suspension/Merchant Marine Act of 192092,38394,713
46 U.S.C. 44102Failure to establish financial responsibility for non-performance of transportation23,335, 77823,924, 798
46 U.S.C. 44103Failure to establish financial responsibility for death or injury23,335, 77823,924, 798
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(1)Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act/makes false claim11,18111,463
31 U.S.C. 3802(a)(2)Program Fraud Civil Remedies Act/giving false statement11,18111,463
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By the Commission.

Rachel Dickon,


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1.  Office of Management and Budget, M-19-04, Implementation of Penalty Inflation Adjustments for 2019, Pursuant to the Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act Improvements Act of 2015, at 1 (Dec. 14, 2018) (M-19-04).

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2.  FCPIAA section 4(b)(2); M-19-04 at 4.

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[FR Doc. 2019-01429 Filed 2-6-19; 8:45 am]