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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 36 Southeastern Species

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year status reviews of 36 species under the Endangered Species Act. A 5-year review is an assessment of the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review. We are requesting submission of information that has become available since the last reviews of these species.

DATES:

To ensure consideration, we are requesting submission of new information no later than June 10, 2019. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

For instructions on how to submit information and review information that we receive on these species, see Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For species-specific information, see Request for New Information under SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species in title 50 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species under active review. For additional information about 5-year reviews, go to http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active 5-year reviews of the species in the following table.

Common name/scientific nameContact person, email, phoneStatus (endangered or threatened)States where the species is known to occurFinal listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Contact's mailing address
ANIMALS
Mammals
Mouse, Key Largo cotton (Peromyscus gossypinus allapaticola)Roxanna Hinzman, keylargocottonmouse_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4357EndangeredFlorida49 FR 34504; 8/31/1984USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Mouse, Perdido Key beach (Peromyscus polionotus trissyllepsis)Kristi Yanchis, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552EndangeredFlorida50 FR 23872; 6/6/1985USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Birds
Sparrow, Cape-sable seaside (Ammodramus maritimus mirabilis)Roxanna Hinzman, CSSS_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4358EndangeredFlorida32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
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Caracara, Audubon's crested (Polyborus plancus audubonii)Roxanna Hinzman, crestedcaracara_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4359ThreatenedFlorida32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Kite, Everglade snail (Rostrhamus sociabilis plumbeus)Roxanna Hinzman, Evergladesnailkite_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4360EndangeredFlorida32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Reptiles
Skink, bluetail mole (Eumeces egregious lividus)Roxanna Hinzman, Bluetailmoleskink_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4338ThreatenedFlorida52 FR 42658; 11/6/1987USFWS, 1339 20th St. Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Skink, sand (Neoseps reynoldsi)Roxanna Hinzman, sandskink_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4339ThreatenedFlorida52 FR 42658; 11/6/1987USFWS, 1339 20th St. Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Fishes
Darter, bluemask (Etheostoma akatulo)Todd Shaw, cookeville@fws.gov, 931-528-6481EndangeredTennessee58 FR 68480; 12/27/1993USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501.
Darter, duskytail (Etheostoma percnurum)Warren Stiles, cookeville@fws.gov, 931-528-6481EndangeredKentucky, Tennessee, Virginia58 FR 25758; 4/27/1993USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501.
Darter, snail (Percina tanasi)Stephanie Chance, cookeville@fws.gov, 931-528-6481ThreatenedAlabama, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee49 FR 27510; 7/5/1984USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501.
Silverside, Waccamaw (Menidia extensa)Sarah McRae, raleigh_es@fws.gov, 919-856-4520ThreatenedNorth Carolina52 FR 11277; 4/8/1987USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F, Raleigh, NC 27606.
Sunfish, spring pygmy (Elassoma alabamae)Evan Collins, alabama@fws.gov, 251-441-5184ThreatenedAlabama78 FR 60766; 10/2/2013USFWS, 1208B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526.
Clams
Fatmucket, Arkansas (Lampsilis powellii)Chris Davidson, arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov, 501-513-4483ThreatenedArkansas55 FR 12797; 4/5/1990USFWS, 110 South Amity Rd., Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032.
Bean, Choctaw (Villosa choctawensis)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552EndangeredFlorida77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Pigtoe, fuzzy (Pleurobema stodeanum)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552ThreatenedFlorida77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Pigtoe, narrow (Fusconaia escambia)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552ThreatenedFlorida77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Mucket, Neosho (Lampsiis rafineoqueana)Chris Davidson, arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov, 501-513-4483EndangeredArkansas, Kansas, Missouri, Oklahoma78 FR 57076; 9/17/2013USFWS, 110 South Amity Rd., Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032.
Rabbitsfoot (Quadrula cylindrica cylindrica)Rebecca Peak, arkansas-es_recovery@fws.gov, 501-513-4475ThreatenedAlabama, Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee78 FR 57076; 9/17/2013USFWS, 110 South Amity Rd., Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032.
Ebonyshell, round (Fusconaia rotulata)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552EndangeredFlorida77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Kidneyshell, southern (Ptychobranchus jonesii)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552EndangeredFlorida77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Sandshell, southern (Hamiota australis)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552ThreatenedFlorida77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Pigtoe, tapered (Fusconaia burkei)Sandy Pursiful, panamacity@fws.gov, 850-769-0552ThreatenedFlorida/Georgia77 FR 61663; 10/10/2012USFWS, 1601 Balboa Ave., Panama City, FL 32405.
Snails
Snail, noonday, (Mesodon clarki nantahala)Jason Mays, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828-258-3939ThreatenedNorth Carolina43 FR 28932; 7/3/1978USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801.
Marstonia, royal (Pyrgulopsis ogmorhaphe)Stephanie Chance, cookeville@fws.gov, 931-528-6481EndangeredTennessee59 FR 17994; 4/15/1994USFWS, 446 Neal Street, Cookeville, TN 38501.
Insects
Butterfly, Saint Francis satyr (Neonympha mitchellii francisci)Rebecca Harrison, raleigh_admin@fws.gov, 919-856-4520EndangeredNorth Carolina60 FR 5264; 1/26/1995USFWS, 551 Pylon Drive, #F, Raleigh, NC 27606.
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PLANTS
Flowering Plants
Arabis georgiana (Georgia rockcress)Michele Elmore, georgiaes@fws.gov, 706-613-9493ThreatenedAlabama, Georgia79 FR 54627; 9/12/2014USFWS, 355 East Hancock Ave., Room 320, Athens, GA 30601.
Banara vanderbiltii (palo de ramon)Carlos Pacheco, caribbean_es@fws.gov, 787-851-7297EndangeredPuerto Rico52 FR 1459; 1/14/1987USFWS, Road 301, Km 5.1, P.O. Box 491, Boquerón, PR 00622.
Chionanthus pygmaeus (pygmy fringe tree)Roxanna Hinzman, pygmyfringetree_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4324EndangeredFlorida52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Chromolaena frustrata (Cape Sable thoroughwort)Roxanna Hinzmanc, capesablethoroughwort_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4325EndangeredFlorida78 FR 63795; 10/24/2013USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Dicerandra christmanii (Garrett's mint)Roxanna Hinzman, garrettsmint_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4326EndangeredFlorida54 FR 38946; 9/21/1983USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Dicerandra frutescens (scrub mint)Roxanna Hinzman, scrubmint_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4328EndangeredFlorida50 FR 12587; 11/1/1985USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Geum radiatum (spreading avens)Rebekkah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828-258-3939EndangeredNorth Carolina, Tennessee55 FR 12793; 4/5/1990USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801.
Gymnoderma lineare (rock gnome lichen)Rebekkah Reid, fw4esasheville@fws.gov, 828-258-3939EndangeredGeorgia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia60 FR 3557; 1/18/1995USFWS, 160 Zillicoa St., Asheville, NC 28801.
Hypericum cumulicola (Highlands scrub hypericum)Roxanna Hinzman, Highlandsscrubhypericum_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4308EndangeredFlorida52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Warea carteri (Carter's mustard)Roxanna Hinzman, cartersmustard_5-earreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4312EndangeredFlorida52 FR 2227; 1/21/1987USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Ziziphus celata (Florida ziziphus)Roxanna Hinzman, ziziphus_5-yearreview@fws.gov, 772-469-4302EndangeredFlorida54 FR 31190; 7/27/1989USFWS, 1339 20th St., Vero Beach, FL 32960.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the current listing determination or most recent status review of each species, such as:

A. Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

B. Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

C. Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species;

D. Threat status and trends (see the five factors under How Do We Determine Whether a Species is Endangered or Threatened?); and

E. Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

We request any new information concerning the status of any of these 36 species. Information submitted should be supported by documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

We may conduct a species status assessment (SSA) for some of these species. An SSA is a biological risk assessment to aid decision makers who must use the best available scientific information to make policy decisions or recommendations under the ESA. The SSA provides decisionmakers with a scientifically rigorous characterization of a species' status, and of the likelihood that the species will sustain populations, along with key uncertainties in that characterization. It presents a compilation of the best available information on a species, as well as its ecological needs, based on environmental factors. An SSA also describes the current condition of the species' habitat and demographics, and probable explanations for past and ongoing changes in abundance and distribution within the species' range. Finally, it forecasts the species' response to probable future scenarios of environmental conditions and conservation efforts. Overall, an SSA uses the conservation biology principles of resiliency, redundancy, and representation (collectively known as the “3 Rs”) to evaluate the current and future condition of the species. As a result, the SSA characterizes a species' ability to sustain populations in the wild over time based on the best scientific understanding of current and future abundance and distribution within the species' ecological settings.

Definitions

A. Species means any species or subspecies of fish, wildlife, or plant, and any distinct population segment of any species of vertebrate which interbreeds when mature.

B. Endangered means any species that is in danger of extinction throughout all or a significant portion of its range.Start Printed Page 14672

C. Threatened means any species that is likely to become an endangered species within the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range.

How do we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened?

Section 4(a)(1) of the ESA requires that we determine whether a species is endangered or threatened based on one or more of the following five factors:

A. The present or threatened destruction, modification, or curtailment of its habitat or range;

B. Overutilization for commercial, recreational, scientific, or educational purposes;

C. Disease or predation;

D. The inadequacy of existing regulatory mechanisms; or

E. Other natural or manmade factors affecting its continued existence.

Request for New Information

To do any of the following, contact the person associated with the species you are interested in under the table in Supplementary Information:

A. To get more information on a species;

B. To submit information on a species; or

C. To review information we receive, which will be available for public inspection by appointment, during normal business hours, at the listed addresses.

Public Availability of Comments

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted. Comments we receive become part of the administrative record associated with this action. Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can request in your comment that we withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so. All submissions from organizations or businesses, and from individuals identifying themselves as representatives or officials of organizations or businesses, will be made available for public disclosure in their entirety.

Availability of Status Reviews

All completed status reviews under the ESA are available via the Service website, at https://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​species/​us-species.html.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Dated: February 20, 2019.

Mike Oetker,

Acting Regional Director, Southeast Region.

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[FR Doc. 2019-07175 Filed 4-10-19; 8:45 am]

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