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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.
Notice of availability.
We are advising the public that we have prepared a pest risk analysis that evaluates the risks associated with importation of fresh mombin fruit from Mexico into the continental United States. Based on the analysis, we have determined that the application of one or more phytosanitary measures will be sufficient to mitigate the risks of introducing or disseminating plant pests or noxious weeds via the importation of fresh mombin fruit from Mexico. We are making the pest risk analysis available to the public for review and comment.
We will consider all comments that we receive on or before July 1, 2019.
You may submit comments by either of the following methods:
Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at http://www.regulations.gov/#!docketDetail;D=APHIS-2019-0012 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Mr. Marc Phillips, Senior Regulatory Policy Specialist, Regulatory Coordination and Compliance, PPQ, APHIS, 4700 River Road, Unit 133, Riverdale, MD 20737-1231; (301) 851-2114.
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Under the regulations in “Subpart L-Fruits and Vegetables” (7 CFR 319.56-1 through 319.56-12, referred to below as the regulations), the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) prohibits or restricts the importation of fruits and vegetables into the United States from certain parts of the world to prevent plant pests from being introduced into or disseminated within the United States.
Section 319.56-4 contains a performance-based process for approving the importation of certain fruits and vegetables that, based on the findings of a pest risk analysis, can be safely imported subject to one or more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in paragraph (b) of that section.
APHIS received a request from the national plant protection organization (NPPO) of Mexico to allow the importation of fresh mombin fruit (Spondias mombin L. and S. purpurea L.) into the continental United States. As part of our evaluation of Mexico's request, we have prepared a pest list to identify pests of quarantine significance that could follow the pathway of importation of fresh mombin fruit into the continental United States from Mexico. Based on the pest list, a risk management document (RMD) was prepared to identify phytosanitary measures that could be applied to the fresh mombin fruit to mitigate the pest risk.
We have concluded that fresh mombin fruit can be safely imported from Mexico into the continental United States using one or more of the five designated phytosanitary measures listed in § 319.56-4(b). The NPPO of Mexico would have to enter into an operational workplan with APHIS that spells out the daily procedures the NPPO will take to implement the measures identified in the RMD. These measures are summarized below:
- Importation in commercial shipments only,
- Phytosanitary treatment (irradiation with a minimum absorbed dose of 150 Gy),
- Pre-export inspection by the NPPO and issuance of a phytosanitary certificate stating that the consignment was inspected and found free of quarantine pests, and
- Port of entry inspections.
Each of the pest risk mitigation measures that would be required, along with evidence of their efficacy in removing pests of concern from the pathway, are described in detail in the RMD.
Therefore, in accordance with § 319.56-4(c)(3), we are announcing the availability of our pest list and RMD for public review and comment. Those documents, as well as a description of the economic considerations associated with the importation of fresh mombin fruit from Mexico, may be viewed on the Regulations.gov website or in our reading room (see ADDRESSES above for a link to Regulations.gov and information on the location and hours of the reading room). You may request paper copies of these documents by calling or writing to the person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT. Please refer to the subject of the analysis you wish to review when requesting copies.
After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our decision regarding the import status of fresh mombin fruit from Mexico in a subsequent notice. If the overall conclusions of our analysis and the Administrator's determination of risk remain unchanged following our consideration of the comments, then we will authorize the importation of fresh mombin fruit from Mexico into the continental United States subject to the requirements specified in the RMD.
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Done in Washington, DC, this 26th day of April 2019.
Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.
[FR Doc. 2019-08969 Filed 5-1-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3410-34-P