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Oncology Pharmaceuticals: Reproductive Toxicity Testing and Labeling Recommendations; Guidance for Industry; Availability

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice of availability.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is announcing the availability of a final guidance for industry entitled “Oncology Pharmaceuticals: Reproductive Toxicity Testing and Labeling Recommendations.” The purpose of this guidance is to assist sponsors in evaluating reproductive toxicity (mainly related to embryo-fetal development (EFD)) for anticancer pharmaceuticals and to provide recommendations to applicants for pharmaceutical labeling on duration of contraception following cessation of therapy to minimize potential risk to a developing embryo or fetus. The guidance also clarifies FDA's current thinking on when nonclinical studies for reproductive toxicology assessment may not be needed (e.g., for pharmaceuticals intended for use in postmenopausal women only). The intended outcome of this guidance is to facilitate the development of oncology pharmaceuticals while avoiding unnecessary use of animals, in accordance with the 3R (reduce, refine, replace) principles, and to provide a consistent approach to labeling recommendations for the duration of contraception after completion of therapy. This guidance finalizes the guidance of the same name issued September 29, 2017.

DATES:

The announcement of the guidance is published in the Federal Register on May 10, 2019.

ADDRESSES:

You may submit either electronic or written comments on Agency guidances at any time as follows:

Electronic Submissions

Submit electronic comments in the following way:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: https://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments. Comments submitted electronically, including attachments, to https://www.regulations.gov will be posted to the docket unchanged. Because your comment will be made public, you are Start Printed Page 20635solely responsible for ensuring that your comment does not include any confidential information that you or a third party may not wish to be posted, such as medical information, your or anyone else's Social Security number, or confidential business information, such as a manufacturing process. Please note that if you include your name, contact information, or other information that identifies you in the body of your comments, that information will be posted on https://www.regulations.gov.
  • If you want to submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made available to the public, submit the comment as a written/paper submission and in the manner detailed (see “Written/Paper Submissions” and “Instructions”).

Written/Paper Submissions

Submit written/paper submissions as follows:

  • Mail/Hand Delivery/Courier (for written/paper submissions): Dockets Management Staff (HFA-305), Food and Drug Administration, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.
  • For written/paper comments submitted to the Dockets Management Staff, FDA will post your comment, as well as any attachments, except for information submitted, marked and identified, as confidential, if submitted as detailed in “Instructions.”

Instructions: All submissions received must include the Docket No. FDA-2017-D-2165 for “Oncology Pharmaceuticals: Reproductive Toxicity Testing and Labeling Recommendations.” Received comments will be placed in the docket and, except for those submitted as “Confidential Submissions,” publicly viewable at https://www.regulations.gov or at the Dockets Management Staff between 9 a.m. and 4 p.m., Monday through Friday.

  • Confidential Submissions—To submit a comment with confidential information that you do not wish to be made publicly available, submit your comments only as a written/paper submission. You should submit two copies total. One copy will include the information you claim to be confidential with a heading or cover note that states “THIS DOCUMENT CONTAINS CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION.” The Agency will review this copy, including the claimed confidential information, in its consideration of comments. The second copy, which will have the claimed confidential information redacted/blacked out, will be available for public viewing and posted on https://www.regulations.gov. Submit both copies to the Dockets Management Staff. If you do not wish your name and contact information to be made publicly available, you can provide this information on the cover sheet and not in the body of your comments and you must identify this information as “confidential.” Any information marked as “confidential” will not be disclosed except in accordance with 21 CFR 10.20 and other applicable disclosure law. For more information about FDA's posting of comments to public dockets, see 80 FR 56469, September 18, 2015, or access the information at: https://www.gpo.gov/​fdsys/​pkg/​FR-2015-09-18/​pdf/​2015-23389.pdf.

Docket: For access to the docket to read background documents or the electronic and written/paper comments received, go to https://www.regulations .gov and insert the docket number, found in brackets in the heading of this document, into the “Search” box and follow the prompts and/or go to the Dockets Management Staff, 5630 Fishers Lane, Rm. 1061, Rockville, MD 20852.

You may submit comments on any guidance at any time (see 21 CFR 10.115(g)(5)).

Submit written requests for single copies of this guidance to the Division of Drug Information, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10001 New Hampshire Ave., Hillandale Building, 4th Floor, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002. Send one self-addressed adhesive label to assist that office in processing your requests. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for electronic access to the guidance document.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

John Leighton, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, Rm. 2204, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-7550; or Haleh Saber, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 22, Rm. 2117, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-7550.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Background

FDA is announcing the availability of a guidance for industry entitled “Oncology Pharmaceuticals: Reproductive Toxicity Testing and Labeling Recommendations.” This guidance represents FDA's current approach to assessing potential risk to a developing embryo or fetus associated with the use of anticancer pharmaceuticals in male and female patients. The term oncology pharmaceutical in this guidance refers to small molecules, biotechnology-derived products, and related compounds such as conjugated products. This guidance describes: (1) How to evaluate EFD toxicity for various types of pharmaceuticals, such as for genotoxic, biological, conjugated, and combination products; (2) whether reproductive toxicity assessment is warranted for specific patient populations, such as pharmaceuticals being developed for use in male patients only or in postmenopausal women only; and (3) recommendations for the duration of contraception after completion of therapy to minimize risk to a developing embryo or fetus.

Although, current regulatory guidances exist regarding the need to assess the EFD toxicity potential of pharmaceuticals and the overall design of the studies, this guidance provides additional recommendations for evaluation of EFD toxicity for specific types of pharmaceuticals and for specific populations, which are not covered under other guidances. This guidance also expands on the weight of evidence approaches that could be utilized to substitute for dedicated EFD toxicology studies and hence facilitate the development of oncology pharmaceuticals while avoiding unnecessary use of animals, in accordance with the 3R principles. Moreover, this guidance provides labeling recommendations on the duration of contraception after completion of therapy, not previously addressed in other guidance documents. This guidance finalizes the guidance of the same name issued on September 29, 2017 (82 FR 45593).

This guidance is being issued consistent with FDA's good guidance practices regulation (21 CFR 10.115). The guidance represents the current thinking of FDA on “Oncology Pharmaceuticals: Reproductive Toxicity Testing and Labeling Recommendations.” It does not establish any rights for any person and is not binding on FDA or the public. You can use an alternative approach if it satisfies the requirements of the applicable statutes and regulations. This guidance is not subject to Executive Order 12866.

II. Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995

This guidance refers to previously approved collections of information that are subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501-3520). The collections of information in 21 CFR parts 312 and 314 have been approved under OMB control numbers 0910-0014 and 0910-0001, respectively. The collections of Start Printed Page 20636information in 21 CFR 201.56 and 201.57 and the final rule “Content and Format of Labeling for Human Prescription Drug and Biological Products; Requirements for Pregnancy and Lactation Labeling” have been approved under OMB control numbers 0910-0572 and 0910-0624.

III. Electronic Access

Persons with access to the internet may obtain the guidance at either https://www.fda.gov/​Drugs/​GuidanceComplianceRegulatoryInformation/​Guidances/​default.htm or https://www.regulations.gov.

Start Signature

Dated: May 7, 2019.

Lowell J. Schiller,

Principal Associate Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2019-09691 Filed 5-9-19; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4164-01-P