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Federal Motor Vehicle Theft Prevention Standard; Final Listing of 2018 Light Duty Truck Lines Subject to the Requirements of This Standard and Exempted Vehicle Lines for Model Year 2018

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Start Preamble


National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), Department of Transportation.


Final rule.


This final rule announces NHTSA's determination that there are no new model year 2018 light duty truck lines subject to the parts-marking requirements of the Federal motor vehicle theft prevention standard. The agency determined no new models were high-theft or had major parts that are interchangeable with a majority of the covered major parts of passenger car or multipurpose passenger vehicle lines. This final rule also identifies those vehicle lines that have been granted an exemption from the parts-marking requirements because they are equipped with antitheft devices determined to meet certain criteria.


This final rule is effective June 12, 2019.

Start Further Info


Mr. Hisham Mohamed, Office of Start Printed Page 27206International Policy, Fuel Economy and Consumer Programs at 202-366-0307 or Ms. Carlita Ballard, Office of International Policy, Fuel Economy and Consumer Programs at 202-366-5222.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


The theft prevention standard (49 CFR part 541) applies to (1) all passenger car lines; (2) all multipurpose passenger vehicle (MPV) lines with a gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of 6,000 pounds or less; (3) low-theft light-duty truck (LDT) lines with a GVWR of 6,000 pounds or less that have major parts that are interchangeable with a majority of the covered major parts of passenger car or MPV lines; and (4) high-theft LDT lines with a GVWR of 6,000 pounds or less.

The purpose of the theft prevention standard is to reduce the incidence of motor vehicle theft by facilitating the tracing and recovery of parts from stolen vehicles. The standard seeks to facilitate such tracing by requiring that vehicle identification numbers (VINs), VIN derivative numbers, or other symbols be placed on major component vehicle parts. The theft prevention standard requires motor vehicle manufacturers to inscribe or affix VINs onto covered original equipment major component parts, and to inscribe or affix a symbol identifying the manufacturer and a common symbol identifying the replacement component parts for those original equipment parts, on all vehicle lines subject to the requirements of the standard.

Title 49 U.S.C. 33104(d) provides that once a line has become subject to the theft prevention standard, the line remains subject to the requirements of the standard unless it is exempted under 49 U.S.C. 33106. Section 33106 provides that a manufacturer may petition annually to have one vehicle line exempted from the requirements of Section 33104, if the line is equipped with an antitheft device meeting certain conditions as standard equipment. The exemption is granted if NHTSA determines that the antitheft device is likely to be as effective as compliance with the theft prevention standard in reducing and deterring motor vehicle thefts.

NHTSA annually publishes the names of LDT lines NHTSA has determined to be high theft pursuant to 49 CFR part 541, LDT lines that NHTSA has determined to have major parts that are interchangeable with a majority of the covered major parts of passenger car or MPV lines, and vehicle lines that NHTSA has exempted from the theft prevention standard. Appendix A to part 541 identifies those LDT lines subject to the theft prevention standard beginning in a given model year. Appendix A-I to part 541 lists those vehicle lines that NHTSA has exempted from the theft prevention standard.

For MY 2018, there are no new LDT lines that will be subject to the theft prevention standard in accordance with the procedures published in 49 CFR part 542.

For MY 2018, appendix A-1 identifies those vehicle lines that have been exempted by the agency from the parts-marking requirements of part 541 and is amended to include eleven vehicle lines newly exempted in full. The eleven exempted vehicle lines are the Acura MDX, BMW X2, Chevrolet Volt, Ford EcoSport, Jeep Wrangler, Kia Niro, Land Rover F-Pace, Mitsubishi Eclipse Cross, Nissan Kicks, Lexus NX, and the Volkswagen Atlas.

The agency is removing the Nissan Versa Note from the appendix A-1 listing because it was erroneously identified in appendix A-1 of the October 23, 2018 final rule. (See 83 FR 53396). Each year the agency also amends the appendices to part 542 to remove vehicle lines that have not been manufactured in over 5 years. We believe that including those vehicle lines would be unnecessary. Therefore, the agency is removing the Cadillac DTS, Mazda CX-7, Mitsubishi Eclipse, Mitsubishi Endeavor, Mitsubishi Galant, Nissan Versa Hatchback, Saab 9-3 and Saab 9-5 vehicle lines from the appendix A-I listing. However, NHTSA will continue to maintain a comprehensive database of all exemptions on our website.

The changes made in this rule are purely informational. The eleven vehicle lines that will be added to appendix A-I of part 542 were granted exemptions in accordance with the procedures of 49 CFR part 543 and 49 U.S.C. 33106 and notices of the grants of those exemptions were published in the Federal Register. Therefore, NHTSA finds good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B) that notice and opportunity for comment is unnecessary. Further, public comment on the listing of selections and exemptions is not contemplated by 49 U.S.C. chapter 331. For the same reasons, since this revised listing only informs the public of previous agency actions and does not impose additional obligations on any party, NHTSA finds good cause under 5 U.S.C. 553(d)(3) to make amendment made by this rule effective on the date this rule is published in the Federal Register.

Regulatory Impacts

A. Executive Order 12866 and DOT Regulatory Policies and Procedures

This rulemaking document was not reviewed by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) under Executive Order (E.O.) 12866. It is not considered to be significant under E.O. 12866 or the Department's Regulatory Policies and Procedures. The purpose of this final rule is to provide information to the public about vehicle lines that must comply with the parts marking requirements of NHTSA's theft prevention standard and vehicles that NHTSA has exempted from those requirements. Since the purpose of the final rule is to inform the public of actions NHTSA has already taken, either determining that new lines are subject to parts marking requirements or exempting vehicle lines from those requirements, the final rule will not impose any new burdens.

B. Executive Order 13771

Executive Order 13771 titled “Reducing Regulation and Controlling Regulatory Costs,” directs that, unless prohibited by law, whenever an executive department or agency publicly proposes for notice and comment or otherwise promulgates a new regulation, it shall identify at least two existing regulations to be repealed. In addition, any new incremental costs associated with new regulations shall, to the extent permitted by law, be offset by the elimination of existing costs. Only those rules deemed significant under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, “Regulatory Planning and Review,” are subject to these requirements. As discussed above, this rule is not a significant rule under Executive Order 12866 and, accordingly, is not subject to the offset requirements of Executive Order 13771.

C. National Environmental Policy Act

NHTSA has analyzed this final rule for the purposes of the National Environmental Policy Act. The agency has determined that implementation of this action will not have any significant impact on the quality of the human environment as it merely informs the public about previous agency actions. Accordingly, no environmental assessment is required.

D. Executive Order 13132 (Federalism)

The agency has analyzed this rulemaking in accordance with the principles and criteria contained in Executive Order 13132 and has determined that it does not have sufficient Federal implications to Start Printed Page 27207warrant consultation with State and local officials or the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement. As discussed above, this final rule only provides information to the public about previous agency actions.

E. Unfunded Mandates Act

The Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 requires agencies to prepare a written assessment of the costs, benefits and other effects of proposed or final rules that include a Federal mandate likely to result in the expenditure by State, local or tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of more than $100 million annually ($120.7 million as adjusted annually for inflation with base year of 1995). The assessment may be combined with other assessments, as it is here.

This final rule will not result in expenditures by State, local or tribal governments or automobile manufacturers and/or their suppliers of more than $120.7 million annually. This document informs the public of previously granted exemptions. Since the only purpose of this final rule is to inform the public of previous actions taken by the agency, no new costs or burdens will result.

F. Executive Order 12988 (Civil Justice Reform)

Pursuant to Executive Order 12988, “Civil Justice Reform”,[1] the agency has considered whether this final rule has any retroactive effect. We conclude that it would not have such an effect as it only informs the public of previous agency actions. In accordance with section 49 U.S.C. 33118, when a Federal theft prevention standard is in effect, a State or political subdivision of a State may not have a different motor vehicle theft prevention standard for a motor vehicle or major replacement part. 49 U.S.C. 33117 provides that judicial review of this rule may be obtained pursuant to 49 U.S.C. 32909. Section 32909 does not require submission of a petition for reconsideration or other administrative proceedings before parties may file suit in court.

G. Paperwork Reduction Act

The Department of Transportation has not submitted an information collection request to OMB for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-13, 44 U.S.C. chapter 35). This rule does not impose any new information collection requirements on manufacturers.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 49 CFR Part 541

  • Administrative practice and procedure
  • Labeling
  • Motor vehicles
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
End List of Subjects

In consideration of the foregoing, 49 CFR part 541 is amended as follows:

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End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 541 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 49 U.S.C. 33101, 33102, 33103, 33104, 33105 and 33106; delegation of authority at 49 CFR 1.95.

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Appendix A-I to part 541 is revised to read as follows:

End Amendment Part

Appendix A-I to Part 541—Lines With Antitheft Devices Which Are Exempted From the Parts-Marking Requirements of This Standard Pursuant to 49 CFR Part 543

ManufacturerSubject lines
BMWMINI, MINI Countryman (MPV), X1 (MPV), X1 Car Line (2012-2015), X2 1, X3, X4, X5, Z4, 1 Car Line, 3 Car Line, 4 Car Line, 5 Car Line, 6 Car Line, 7 Car Line.
CHRYSLER200, 300C, Dodge Charger, Dodge Challenger, Dodge Dart, Dodge Journey, Fiat 500, Jeep Cherokee, Jeep Compass, Jeep Grand Cherokee, Jeep Patriot, Jeep Wrangler/Wrangler JK,2 Jeep Wrangler (new),1 Town and Country MPV.
FORD MOTOR COC-Max, EcoSport,1 Edge, Escape, Explorer, Fiesta, Focus, Fusion, Lincoln MKC, Lincoln MKX, Mustang, Taurus.
GENERAL MOTORSBuick LaCrosse/Regal, Buick Verano, Cadillac ATS, Cadillac CTS, Cadillac SRX, Cadillac XTS, Chevrolet Bolt, Chevrolet Camaro, Chevrolet Corvette, Chevrolet Cruze, Chevrolet Equinox, Chevrolet Impala/Monte Carlo, Chevrolet Malibu, Chevrolet Sonic, Chevrolet Spark, Chevrolet Volt,1 GMC Terrain.
HONDAAccord, Acura MDX,1 Acura TL, Civic, CRV, Pilot.
HYUNDAIAzera, Equus, Genesis,3 IONIQ.
JAGUARF-Type, XE, XF, XJ, XK, Land Rover Discovery Sport, Land Rover F-Pace,1 Land Rover LR2, Land Rover Range Rover Evoque.
MASERATIGhibli, Levante (SUV), Quattroporte.
MAZDA2, 3, 5, 6, CX-3, CX-5, CX-9, Fiat 124 Spyder, MX-5 Miata .
MERCEDES-BENZsmart USA fortwo, smart Line Chassis. SL-Line Chassis (SL-Class) (the models within this line are): SL400, SL550, SL 63/AMG, SL 65/AMG. SLK-Line Chassis (SLK-Class) (the models within this line are): SLK 250, SLK 300, SLK 350, SLK 55 AMG. S-Line Chassis (S/CL/S-Coupe Class) (the models within this line are): S450, S500, S550, S600, S55, S63 AMG, S65 AMG, CL55, CL65, CL500, CL550, CL600. NGCC Chassis Line (CLA/GLA/B-Class) (the models within this line are): B250e, CLA250, CLA250 4MATIC, CLA45 4MATIC AMG, GLA250, GLA45 AMG. C-Line Chassis (C-Class/CLK/GLK-Class) (the models within this line are): C63 AMG, C240, C250, C300, C350, CLK 350, CLK 550, CLK 63AMG, GLK250, GLK350. E-Line Chassis (E-Class/CLS Class) (the models within this line are): E55, E63 AMG, E320 BLUETEC, E350 BLUETEC, E320/E320DT CDi, E350/E500/E550, E400 HYBRID, CLS400, CLS500, CLS55 AMG, CLS63 AMG.
MITSUBISHIEclipse Cross,1 iMiEV, Lancer, Outlander, Outlander Sport, Mirage.
NISSANAltima, Cube, Juke, Leaf, Maxima, Murano, NV200 Taxi, Pathfinder, Quest, Rogue, Kicks,1 Sentra, Infiniti G (2003-2013), Infiniti M (2004-2013), Infiniti Q70, Infiniti Q50/60, Infiniti QX60.
PORSCHE911, Boxster/Cayman, Macan, Panamera.
SUBARUForester, Impreza, Legacy, B9 Tribeca, Outback, WRX, XV Crosstrek/Crosstrek.4
TESLAModel 3, Model S, Model X.
TOYOTACamry, Corolla, Highlander, Lexus ES, Lexus GS, Lexus LS, Lexus NX,1 Lexus RX, Prius, RAV4, Sienna.
VOLKSWAGENAtlas,1 Beetle, Eos, Jetta, Passat, Tiguan, Audi A3, Audi A4, Audi A4Allroad MPV, Audi A6, Audi A8, Audi Q3, Audi Q5, Audi TT, Golf/Rabbit/GTI/R32.
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1 Granted an exemption from the parts marking requirements beginning with MY 2018.
2 Jeep Wrangler (2007-2017) nameplate changed to Jeep Wrangler JK beginning with MY 2018.
3 Hyundai discontinued use of its parts marking exemption for the Genesis vehicle line beginning with the 2010 model year.
4 Subaru XV Crosstrek nameplate changed to Crosstrek beginning with MY 2016.
Start Signature

Issued in Washington, DC, under authority delegated in 49 CFR 1.95, 501.5.

Heidi Renate King,

Deputy Administrator.

End Signature End Supplemental Information


1.  See 61 FR 4729, February 7, 1996.

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[FR Doc. 2019-12333 Filed 6-11-19; 8:45 am]