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Notice

Notice of Inventory Completion: Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX

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AGENCY:

National Park Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University has completed an inventory of human remains, in consultation with the appropriate Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations, and has determined that there is a cultural affiliation between the human remains and present-day Indian Tribes or Native Hawaiian organizations. Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request to the Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University. If no additional requestors come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the lineal descendants, Indian Tribes, or Native Hawaiian organizations stated in this notice may proceed.

DATES:

Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to the Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University at the address in this notice by July 15, 2019.

ADDRESSES:

B. Sunday Eiselt, Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, 3225 Daniel Avenue, Heroy Hall #450, Dallas, TX 75205, telephone (214) 768-2915, email seiselt@smu.edu.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Notice is here given in accordance with the Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA), 25 U.S.C. 3003, of the completion of an inventory of human remains under the control of the Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX. The human remains and associated funerary objects were removed from an unnamed site (X41CO3/41CO153) and the Chicken House Site (X41CO6/41CO156) in Cooke County, TX.

This notice is published as part of the National Park Service's administrative responsibilities under NAGPRA, 25 U.S.C. 3003(d)(3). The determinations in this notice are the sole responsibility of the museum, institution, or Federal agency that has control of the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects The National Park Service is not responsible for the determinations in this notice.

Consultation

A detailed assessment of the human remains was made by the Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University professional staff in consultation with representatives of the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma and the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma.

History and Description of the Remains

During 1965 and 1966, human remains representing, at minimum, three individuals were removed from the two sites in Cooke County, TX. Burial 1 is from the Chicken House Site (X41CO6/41CO156). The one individual, a female 18-25 years old, was found on the floor of a cache pit. She had been placed in a semi-flexed positon, and lay on her back, facing the northeast. The hips and knees were flexed, and the legs turned toward the left. The arms were placed down at the side, and were bent at the elbows, with ulnae and radii parallel to the humeri, and the hands next to the shoulders. The bones indicate signs of disease. The skull, left wrist, and left hand were missing at the time of excavation. No known individuals were identified. Although artifacts were found in the cache pit, there were no funerary objects associated with this burial.

Two burials were recovered from unnamed site X41CO3 during a survey and soil profiling. The first burial was located on the surface, and consists of two skull fragments and one charred unidentifiable bone fragment. The second burial was also located on the surface, and consists of a single human tooth and one unidentifiable bone fragment. No known individuals were identified. No associated funerary objects are present for either of these two burials.

Both sites are dated from A.D. 850 to 1000, and fit the Plains Woodland Pattern, but they also begin to approach the Plains Village Pattern. Culturally, the people who occupied the sites were Caddoan.

Determinations Made by the Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University

Officials of the Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University have determined that:

  • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(9), the human remains described in this notice represent the physical remains of three individuals of Native American ancestry.
  • Pursuant to 25 U.S.C. 3001(2), there is a relationship of shared group identity that can be reasonably traced between the Native American human remains and associated funerary objects and the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma.

Additional Requestors and Disposition

Lineal descendants or representatives of any Indian Tribe or Native Hawaiian organization not identified in this notice that wish to request transfer of control of these human remains should submit a written request with information in support of the request to B. Sunday Eiselt, Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University, 3225 Daniel Avenue, Heroy Hall #450, Dallas, TX 75205, telephone (214) 768-2915, email seiselt@smu.edu, by July 15, 2019. After that date, if no additional requestors have come forward, transfer of control of the human remains to the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma may proceed.

The Department of Anthropology, Southern Methodist University is responsible for notifying the Caddo Nation of Oklahoma and the Wichita and Affiliated Tribes (Wichita, Keechi, Waco & Tawakonie), Oklahoma that this notice has been published.

Start Signature

Dated: May 28, 2019.

Melanie O'Brien,

Manager, National NAGPRA Program.

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[FR Doc. 2019-12469 Filed 6-12-19; 8:45 am]

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