Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”),
and Rule 19b-4 thereunder,
notice is hereby given that on June 25, 2019, Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc. (“Exchange” or “EDGX”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission”) the proposed rule change as described in Items I, II, and III below, which Items have been prepared by the Exchange. The Commission is publishing this notice to solicit comments on the proposed rule change from interested persons.
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I. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Terms of Substance of the Proposed Rule Change
Cboe EDGX Exchange, Inc. (“EDGX” or the “Exchange”) is filing with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) a proposed rule change to amend the Exchange's fee schedule applicable to its equities trading platform (“EDGX Equities”) to adopt a new Cross-Asset Volume Tier. The text of the proposed rule change is attached [sic] as Exhibit 5.
The text of the proposed rule change is also available on the Exchange's website (http://markets.cboe.com/us/options/regulation/rule_filings/edgx/), at the Exchange's Office of the Secretary, and at the Commission's Public Reference Room.
II. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
In its filing with the Commission, the Exchange included statements concerning the purpose of and basis for the proposed rule change and discussed any comments it received on the proposed rule change. The text of these statements may be examined at the places specified in Item IV below. The Exchange has prepared summaries, set forth in sections A, B, and C below, of the most significant aspects of such statements.
A. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement of the Purpose of, and Statutory Basis for, the Proposed Rule Change
The Exchange proposes to amend its fee schedule applicable to its equities trading platform (“EDGX Equities”) to adopt a new Cross-Asset Tier, effective July 1, 2019.
The Exchange first notes that it operates in a highly-competitive market in which market participants can readily direct order flow to competing venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be excessive or incentives to be insufficient. More specifically, the Exchange is only one of several equity venues to which market participants may direct their order flow, and it represents a small percentage of the overall market. The Exchange in particular operates a “Maker-Taker” model whereby it pays credits to members that provide liquidity and assesses fees to those that remove liquidity. The Exchange's Fees Schedule sets forth the standard rebates and rates applied per share for orders that provide and remove liquidity, respectively. For example, for securities at or above $1.00 the Exchange provides a standard rebate of $0.00170 per share for displayed orders that add liquidity 
and assesses a fee of $0.00265 per share for displayed orders that remove liquidity. In response to the competitive environment, the Exchange also offers tiered pricing which provides Members opportunities to qualify for higher rebates or reduced fees where certain volume criteria and thresholds are met. Tiered pricing provides an incremental incentive for Members to strive for higher tier levels, which provides increasingly higher benefits or discounts for satisfying increasingly more stringent criteria.
For example, pursuant to Footnote 1 of the Fees Schedule, the Exchange offers eight Add Volume Tiers for displayed orders that provide enhanced rebates, ranging from of $0.0020 to $0.0029 per share, for orders yielding fee codes B,
One such Add Volume Tier under Footnote 1 is a Cross-Asset Volume Tier, which is designed to incentivize members to achieve certain levels of participation on both the Exchange's equities and options platform (“EDGX Options”). More specifically, under the current Cross-Asset Volume Tier, a Member receives a rebate of $0.0027 per share if that Member (i) adds an ADV 
greater or equal to 0.20% of the TCV 
and (ii) has an ADV in Customer orders on EDGX Options greater or equal to 0.08% of average OCV.
The Exchange proposes to create an additional cross-asset tier (“Cross-Asset Volume Tier 2”) with a different criteria combination.
As proposed, under the Cross-Asset Volume Tier 2, a Member would receive a rebate of $0.0027 per share if that Member (i) adds an ADV greater or equal to 0.05% of the TCV and (ii) has an ADV in AIM 
orders on EDGX Options greater than or equal to 25,000 contracts. The purpose of the proposed tier is to incentivize both equities volume and participation on EDGX Options, particularly to encourage submission of AIM orders, and also to provide Members an additional opportunity to receive an enhanced rebate. Particularly, for Members who do not currently reach the current thresholds in the existing Add Volume Tiers, including the Cross-Asset Tier, the proposed tier would provide an opportunity to meet an alternative set of criteria to receive an enhanced rebate.
2. Statutory Basis
The Exchange believes that the proposed rule change is consistent with Section 6 of the Act,
in general, and furthers the requirements of Section 6(b)(4),
in particular, as it is designed to provide for the equitable allocation of reasonable dues, fees and other charges among its facilities and does not unfairly discriminate between customers, issuers, brokers or dealers. The Exchange operates in a highly-competitive market in which market participants can readily direct order flow to competing venues if they deem fee levels at a particular venue to be excessive or incentives to be insufficient. The proposed rule change reflects a competitive pricing structure designed to incentivize market participants to direct their order flow to the Exchange, which the Exchange believes would enhance market quality to the benefit of all Members.
In particular, the Exchange believes the proposed tier is reasonable because it provides an additional opportunity for Members to receive an enhanced rebate by providing a different set of criteria they can reach for. The Exchange notes that volume-based incentives and discounts have been widely adopted by Start Printed Page 33308exchanges,
including the Exchange,
and are reasonable, equitable and non-discriminatory because they are open to all members on an equal basis and provide additional benefits or discounts that are reasonably related to (i) the value to an exchange's market quality and (ii) associated higher levels of market activity, such as higher levels of liquidity provision and/or growth patterns. Additionally, as noted above, the Exchange operates in highly competitive market. The Exchange is only one of several equity venues to which market participants may direct their order flow, and it represents a small percentage of the overall market. It is also only one of several maker-taker exchanges. Competing equity exchanges offer similar tiered pricing structures to that of the Exchange, including schedules of rebates and fees that apply based upon members achieving certain volume and/or growth thresholds. These competing pricing schedules, moreover, are presently comparable to those that the Exchange provides, including the pricing of comparable tiers.
Moreover, the Exchange believes the proposed Cross-Asset Tier 2 is a reasonable means to encourage Members to increase their liquidity on the Exchange and also their participation on EDGX Options, and particularly in AIM. The Exchange believes that adopting a tier with alternative criteria to the existing Cross-Asset Volume Tier, will encourage those Members who could not previously achieve the existing Cross-Asset Volume Tier criteria, or other available Add Volume Tiers, to increase their order flow on EDGX equities and AIM order flow on EDGX Options. Increased liquidity benefits all investors by deepening the Exchange's liquidity pool, offering additional flexibility for all investors to enjoy cost savings, supporting the quality of price discovery, promoting market transparency and improving investor protection. Additionally, incentivizing the submission of AIM orders also benefits all market participants as AIM promotes price improvement. The Exchange also believes that proposed rebate is reasonable based on the difficulty of satisfying the tier's criteria and ensures the proposed rebate and threshold appropriately reflects the incremental difficulty to achieve the existing Add Volume Tiers. The proposed rebate amount also does not represent a significant departure from the rebates currently offered under the Exchange's existing Add Volume Tiers, including the existing Cross-Asset Volume Tier. Indeed, the rebate amount is the same offered as the existing Cross-Asset Volume Tier and Add Volume Tier 3 (i.e., $0.0027 per share) and within the range of the rebates offered under the remaining Add Volume Tiers for displayed orders (i.e., $0.0020-$0.0029 per share).
The Exchange believes that the proposal represents an equitable allocation of rebates and is not unfairly discriminatory because it applies uniformly to all members. Additionally a number of members have a reasonable opportunity to satisfy the tier's criteria, which the Exchange believe is less stringent than some other existing Add Volume Tiers. Without having a view of Member's activity on other markets and off-exchange venues, the Exchange has no way of knowing whether this proposed rule change would definitely result in any Members qualifying for this tier. However, the Exchange believes the proposed tier would provide an incentive for Members to submit additional adding liquidity on EDGX equities and AIM orders on EDGX options to qualify for the proposed rebate. To the extent a Member participates on the Exchange but not on EDGX Options, the Exchange does believe that the proposal is still reasonable, equitably allocated and non-discriminatory with respect to such Member based on the overall benefit to the Exchange resulting from the success of EDGX Options. Particularly, the Exchange believes such success allows the Exchange to continue to provide and potentially expand its existing incentive programs to the benefit of all participants on the Exchange, whether they participate on EDGX Options or not. The proposed pricing program is also fair and equitable in that membership in EDGX Options is available to all market participants, which would provide them with access to the benefits on EDGX Options provided by the proposed change, even where a member of EDGX Options is not necessarily eligible for the proposed increased rebate on the Exchange.
The Exchange lastly notes that the proposal will not adversely impact any Member's pricing or their ability to qualify for other rebate tiers. Rather, should a Member not meet the proposed criteria, the Member will merely not receive an enhanced rebate. Furthermore, the proposed rebate would apply to all Members that meet the required criteria under proposed Cross-Asset Tier 2.
B. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Burden on Competition
The Exchange does not believe that the proposed rule change will impose any burden on intramarket or intermarket competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. Rather, as discussed above, the Exchange believes that the proposed change would encourage the submission of additional liquidity to a public exchange, thereby promoting market depth, price discovery and transparency and enhancing order execution opportunities for all Members. As a result, the Exchange believes that the proposed change furthers the Commission's goal in adopting Regulation NMS of fostering competition among orders, which promotes “more efficient pricing of individual stocks for all types of orders, large and small.” 
The Exchange believes the proposed rule change does impose any burden on intramarket competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. Particularly, the proposed change applies uniformly to market participants. As discussed above, to the extent a Member participates on the Exchange but not on EDGX Options, the Exchange notes that the proposed change can provide an overall benefit to the Exchange resulting from the success of EDGX Options. Such success enables the Exchange to continue to provide and potentially expand its existing incentive programs to the benefit of all participants on the Exchange, whether they participate on EDGX Options or not. The proposed pricing program is also fair and equitable in that membership in EDGX Options is available to all market participants. Additionally the proposed Start Printed Page 33309change is designed to attract additional order flow to the Exchange and EDGX Options. Specifically, the Exchange believes that the proposed tier would incentivize market participants to direct providing displayed order flow to the Exchange and encourage entry of AIM orders on EDGX Options. Greater liquidity benefits all market participants on the Exchange by providing more trading opportunities and encourages Members to send orders, thereby contributing to robust levels of liquidity, which benefits all market participant. Incentivizing the use of AIM also benefits all market participants as AIM promotes price improvement.
Next, the Exchange believes the proposed rule change does not impose any burden on intermarket competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. As previously discussed, the Exchange operates in a highly competitive market. Members have numerous alternative venues that they may participate on and director their order flow, including 12 other equities exchanges and off-exchange venues, including 32 alternative trading systems. Additionally, the Exchange represents a small percentage of the overall market. Based on publicly available information, no single equities exchange has more than 18% of the market share.
Therefore, no exchange possesses significant pricing power in the execution of option order flow. Indeed, participants can readily choose to send their orders to other exchange and off-exchange venues if they deem fee levels at those other venues to be more favorable. Moreover, the Commission has repeatedly expressed its preference for competition over regulatory intervention in determining prices, products, and services in the securities markets. Specifically, in Regulation NMS, the Commission highlighted the importance of market forces in determining prices and SRO revenues and, also, recognized that current regulation of the market system “has been remarkably successful in promoting market competition in its broader forms that are most important to investors and listed companies.” 
The fact that this market is competitive has also long been recognized by the courts. In NetCoalition v. Securities and Exchange Commission, the D.C. Circuit stated as follows: “[n]o one disputes that competition for order flow is ‘fierce.’ . . . As the SEC explained, ‘[i]n the U.S. national market system, buyers and sellers of securities, and the broker-dealers that act as their order-routing agents, have a wide range of choices of where to route orders for execution’; [and] ‘no exchange can afford to take its market share percentages for granted' because ‘no exchange possesses a monopoly, regulatory or otherwise, in the execution of order flow from broker dealers’. . . .”.
Accordingly, the Exchange does not believe its proposed fee change imposes any burden on competition that is not necessary or appropriate in furtherance of the purposes of the Act.
C. Self-Regulatory Organization's Statement on Comments on the Proposed Rule Change Received From Members, Participants, or Others
No written comments were either solicited or received.
III. Date of Effectiveness of the Proposed Rule Change and Timing for Commission Action
The foregoing rule change has become effective pursuant to Section 19(b)(3)(A) of the Act 
and paragraph (f) of Rule 19b-4 
thereunder. At any time within 60 days of the filing of the proposed rule change, the Commission summarily may temporarily suspend such rule change if it appears to the Commission that such action is necessary or appropriate in the public interest, for the protection of investors, or otherwise in furtherance of the purposes of the Act. If the Commission takes such action, the Commission will institute proceedings to determine whether the proposed rule change should be approved or disapproved.
IV. Solicitation of Comments
Interested persons are invited to submit written data, views, and arguments concerning the foregoing, including whether the proposed rule change is consistent with the Act. Comments may be submitted by any of the following methods:
- Send paper comments in triplicate to Secretary, Securities and Exchange Commission, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549-1090.
All submissions should refer to File Number SR-CboeEDGX-2019-042. This file number should be included on the subject line if email is used. To help the Commission process and review your comments more efficiently, please use only one method. The Commission will post all comments on the Commission's internet website (http://www.sec.gov/rules/sro.shtml). Copies of the submission, all subsequent amendments, all written statements with respect to the proposed rule change that are filed with the Commission, and all written communications relating to the proposed rule change between the Commission and any person, other than those that may be withheld from the public in accordance with the provisions of 5 U.S.C. 552, will be available for website viewing and printing in the Commission's Public Reference Room, 100 F Street NE, Washington, DC 20549, on official business days between the hours of 10:00 a.m. and 3:00 p.m. Copies of the filing also will be available for inspection and copying at the principal office of the Exchange. All comments received will be posted without change. Persons submitting comments are cautioned that we do not redact or edit personal identifying information from comment submissions. You should submit only information that you wish to make available publicly. All submissions should refer to File Number SR-CboeEDGX-2019-042 and should be submitted on or before August 2, 2019.
For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.
Dated: July 8, 2019.
Eduardo A. Aleman,
[FR Doc. 2019-14808 Filed 7-11-19; 8:45 am]
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