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Notice

Determination That MIOCHOL (Acetylcholine Chloride Intraocular Solution), 20 Milligrams/Vial, Was Not Withdrawn From Sale for Reasons of Safety or Effectiveness

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AGENCY:

Food and Drug Administration, HHS.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA, Agency, or we) has determined that MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 milligrams (mg)/vial, was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination will allow FDA to approve abbreviated new drug applications (ANDAs) for acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution, 20 mg/vial, if all other legal and regulatory requirements are met.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Meadow Platt, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, Food and Drug Administration, 10903 New Hampshire Ave., Bldg. 51, Rm. 6224, Silver Spring, MD 20993-0002, 301-796-1830.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

In 1984, Congress enacted the Drug Price Competition and Patent Term Restoration Act of 1984 (Pub. L. 98-417) (the 1984 amendments), which authorized the approval of duplicate versions of drug products under an ANDA procedure. ANDA applicants must, with certain exceptions, show that the drug for which they are seeking approval contains the same active ingredient in the same strength and dosage form as the “listed drug,” which is a version of the drug that was previously approved. ANDA applicants Start Printed Page 33952do not have to repeat the clinical testing otherwise necessary to gain approval of a new drug application (NDA).

The 1984 amendments include what is now section 505(j)(7) of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 355(j)(7)), which requires FDA to publish a list of all approved drugs. FDA publishes this list as part of the “Approved Drug Products With Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations,” which is known generally as the “Orange Book.” Under FDA regulations, drugs are removed from the list if the Agency withdraws or suspends approval of the drug's NDA or ANDA for reasons of safety or effectiveness or if FDA determines that the listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness (21 CFR 314.162).

A person may petition the Agency to determine, or the Agency may determine on its own initiative, whether a listed drug was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness. This determination may be made at any time after the drug has been withdrawn from sale, but must be made prior to approving an ANDA that refers to the listed drug (§ 314.161 (21 CFR 314.161)). FDA may not approve an ANDA that does not refer to a listed drug.

MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, is the subject of NDA 016211, held by Novartis Pharmaceutical Corporation (Novartis). MIOCHOL is indicated to obtain complete miosis of the iris in seconds after delivery of the lens in cataract surgery, in penetrating keratoplasty, iridectomy, and other anterior segment surgery where rapid, complete miosis may be required.

In a letter dated January 18, 2006, Novartis requested withdrawal of NDA 016211 for MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution). In the Federal Register of July 12, 2018 (83 FR 32305), FDA announced that it was withdrawing approval of NDA 016211, effective August 13, 2018.

Hyman, Phelps & McNamara, P.C., submitted a citizen petition dated January 23, 2019, under 21 CFR 10.30, requesting that the Agency determine whether MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, was withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness.

After considering the citizen petition and reviewing Agency records and based on the information we have at this time, FDA has determined under § 314.161 that MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, was not withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. The petitioner has identified no data or other information suggesting that MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, was withdrawn for reasons of safety or effectiveness. We have carefully reviewed our files for records concerning the withdrawal of MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, from sale. We have also independently evaluated relevant literature and data for possible postmarketing adverse events. We have reviewed the available evidence and determined that this drug product was not withdrawn from sale for reasons of safety or effectiveness.

Accordingly, the Agency will continue to list MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, in the “Discontinued Drug Product List” section of the Orange Book. The “Discontinued Drug Product List” delineates, among other items, drug products that have been discontinued from marketing for reasons other than safety or effectiveness. ANDAs that refer to MIOCHOL (acetylcholine chloride intraocular solution), 20 mg/vial, may be approved by the Agency as long as they meet all other legal and regulatory requirements for the approval of ANDAs. If FDA determines that labeling for this drug product should be revised to meet current standards, the Agency will advise ANDA applicants to submit such labeling.

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Dated: July 9, 2019.

Lowell J. Schiller,

Principal Associate Commissioner for Policy.

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[FR Doc. 2019-15089 Filed 7-15-19; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4164-01-P