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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 58 Species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year status reviews of 58 species in California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin of Oregon under the Endangered Species Act. A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than September 24, 2019. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

For how and where to send information, see Request for New Information.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For whom to contact for species-specific information, see Request for New Information. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for the species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the species listed in the table below.

Common nameScientific nameStatusStates where the species is known to occurFinal Listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Lead fish and wildlife office
Animals
Butterfly, Behren's silverspotSpeyeria zerene behrensiiECA62 FR 64306; 12/5/1997Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, lotis blueLycaeides argyrognomon lotisECA41 FR 22041; 6/1/1976Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Kangaroo rat, San Bernardino Merriam'sDipodomys merriami parvusECA63 FR 51005; 9/24/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Rail, light-footed clapperRallus longirostris levipesECA34 FR 5034, 3/8/1969; 35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Chub, Mohave tuiGila bicolor mohavensisECA35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Trout, Paiute cutthroatOncorhynchus clarkii selenirisTCA32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967; 40 FR 29863, 7/16/1975Reno Fish and Wildlife Office.
Fox, San Joaquin kitVulpes macrotis muticaECA32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Kangaroo rat, FresnoDipodomys nitratoides exilisECA50 FR 4222; 1/30/1985Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Kangaroo rat, giantDipodomys ingensECA52 FR 283; 1/5/1987Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Kangaroo rat, TiptonDipodomys nitratoides nitratoidesECA53 FR 25608; 7/8/1988Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Lizard, blunt-nosed leopardGambelia silusECA32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Moth, Kern primrose sphinxEuproserpinus euterpeTCA45 FR 24088; 4/8/1980Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Rabbit, riparian brushSylvilagus bachmani ripariusECA65 FR 8881; 2/23/2000Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Shrew, Buena Vista LakeSorex ornatus relictusECA67 FR 10101; 3/6/2002Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Snake, giant garterThamnophis gigasTCA58 FR 54053; 10/20/1993Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Snake, San Francisco garterThamnophis sirtalis tetrataeniaECA32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Whipsnake, Alameda (=striped racer)Masticophis lateralis euryxanthusTCA62 FR 64306; 12/5/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Woodrat, riparian (=San Joaquin Valley)Neotoma fuscipes ripariaECA65 FR 8881; 2/23/2000Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mouse, salt marsh harvestReithrodontomys raviventrisECA35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office.
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Dace, Ash Meadows speckledRhinichthys osculus nevadensisENV47 FR 19995; 5/10/1982; 48 FR 608, 1/5/1983; 48 FR 40178, 9/2/1983Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Naucorid, Ash MeadowsAmbrysus amargosusTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Pupfish, Ash Meadows AmargosaCyprinodon nevadensis mionectesENV47 FR 19995; 5/10/1982; 48 FR 608, 1/5/1983; 48 FR 40178, 9/2/1983Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Pupfish, Warm SpringsCyprinodon nevadensis pectoralisENV35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Otter, southern seaEnhydra lutris nereisTCA, Mexico42 FR 2965; 1/14/1977Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Beetle, Ohlone tigerCicindela ohloneECA66 FR 50340; 10/3/2001Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Salamander, Santa Cruz long-toedAmbystoma macrodactylum croceumECA32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Plants
Rock-cress, McDonald'sArabis macdonaldianaECA, OR43 FR 44810; 9/28/1978Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Wallflower, Menzies'Erysimum menziesiiECA57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office.
Bird's-beak, salt marshCordylanthus maritimus ssp. maritimusECA, Mexico43 FR 44810; 10/29/1978Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Bush-mallow, San Clemente IslandMalacothamnus clementinusECA42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Paintbrush, San Clemente IslandCastilleja griseaTCA42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977; 78 FR 45406; 7/26/2013Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Larkspur, San Clemente IslandDelphinium variegatum ssp. kinkienseECA42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Lotus, San Clemente IslandAcmispon dendroideus var. traskiae (=Lotus d. ssp . traskiae)TCA42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Milk-vetch, triple-ribbedAstragalus tricarinatusECA63 FR 53596; 10/6/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Rock-cress, Santa Cruz IslandSibara filifoliaECA62 FR 42692; 8/8/1997Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Woodland-star, San Clemente IslandLithophragma maximumECA62 FR 42692; 8/8/1997Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Cactus, BakersfieldOpuntia treleaseiECA55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Checker-mallow, Keck'sSidalcea keckiiECA65 FR 7757; 2/16/2000Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Jewelflower, CaliforniaCaulanthus californicusECA55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mallow, KernEremalche kernensisECA55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Wooly-threads, San JoaquinMonolopia (=Lembertia) congdoniiECA55 FR 29361; 7/19/1990Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Blazing-star, Ash MeadowsMentzelia leucophyllaTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Centaury, spring-lovingCentaurium namophilumTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Gumplant, Ash MeadowsGrindelia fraxino-pratensisTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Ivesia, Ash MeadowsIvesia kingii var. eremicaTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Milk-vetch, Ash meadowsAstragalus phoenixTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Niterwort, AmargosaNitrophila mohavensisENV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sunray, Ash MeadowsEnceliopsis nudicaulis var. corrugataTNV50 FR 20777; 5/20/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Amole, purpleChlorogalum purpureumTCA65 FR 14878; 3/20/2000Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Clover, MontereyTrifolium trichocalyxECA63 FR 43100; 8/12/1998Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Dudleya, Santa Cruz IslandDudleya nesioticaTCA62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Gilia, MontereyGilia tenuiflora ssp. arenariaECA57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Milk-vetch, Ventura MarshAstragalus pycnostachyus var. lanosissimusECA66 FR 27901; 5/21/2001Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Pentachaeta, Lyon'sPentachaeta lyoniiECA62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Polygonum, Scotts ValleyPolygonum hickmaniiECA68 FR 16979; 4/8/2003Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Potentilla, Hickman'sPotentilla hickmaniiECA63 FR 43100; 8/12/1998Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sandwort, MarshArenaria paludicolaECA, WA58 FR 41378; 8/3/1993Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Spineflower, MontereyChorizanthe pungens var. pungensTCA59 FR 5499; 2/4/1994Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What information do we consider in our review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

To get more information on a species, submit information on a species, or review information we receive, please use the contact information for the Lead Fish and Wildlife Office for the species specified in the table above.

Arcata Fish and Wildlife Office: Kathleen Brubaker, 707-822-7201 Start Printed Page 36118(phone); Kathleen_brubaker@fws.gov (email); or 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office: Bradd Baskerville-Bridges, 760-431-9440 (phone); fw8cfwocomments@fws.gov (email); or 2177 Salk Avenue, Suite 250, Carlsbad, CA 92008 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Reno Fish and Wildlife Office: Shawna Theisen, 775-861-6378 (phone); shawna_theisen@fws.gov (email); or 1340 Financial Boulevard, Suite 234, Reno, NV 89502 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office: Josh Hull, 916-414-6742 (phone); fw8sfwocomments@fws.gov (email); or 2800 Cottage Way, Suite W2605, Sacramento, CA 95825 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office: Steven Detwiler, 916-930-2640 (phone); steven_detwiler@fws.gov (email); or 650 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, CA 95814 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents);

Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office: Glen Knowles, 702-515-5230 (phone); glen_knowles@fws.gov (email); or 4701 N. Torrey Pines Dr., Las Vegas, NV 89130 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents); or

Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office: Cat Darst, 805-677-3318 (phone); cat_darst@fws.gov (email); or 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura,+ CA 93003 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Jody Holzworth,

Deputy Regional Director, Pacific Southwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2019-15943 Filed 7-25-19; 8:45 am]

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