Skip to Content

We invite you to try out our new beta eCFR site at We’ve made big changes to make the eCFR easier to use. Be sure to leave feedback using the 'Help' button on the bottom right of each page!


Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 28 Draft Recovery Plan Revisions for 53 Species in the Southeast, Mountain-Prairie, and Pacific Southwest Regions of the United States

This document was corrected by a document published on 08/13/2019. View Correction

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble Start Printed Page 38284


Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.


Notice of availability; opening of public comment period.


We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), announce the availability for public review and comment of 28 draft recovery plan revisions, which update recovery criteria for 53 endangered or threatened species located in 12 States (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon, Tennessee, and Utah) and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. We are updating recovery criteria to better assist in determining when an endangered species has recovered to the point that it may be reclassified as threatened, or that the protections afforded by the Endangered Species Act (ESA) are no longer necessary and the species may be removed from the ESA's protections. We request review of these draft recovery plan revisions and invite comments from local, State, Tribal, and Federal agencies, nongovernmental organizations, and the public.


We must receive comments on the draft recovery plan revisions on or before September 5, 2019.


Reviewing documents: If you wish to review the draft recovery plan revisions, you may obtain copies from the website addresses in the table in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. You may also request copies of the draft recovery plan revisions by contacting the individuals listed in the table.

Submitting comments: If you wish to comment, see the table in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION and submit your comments by one of the following methods:

1. U.S. Mail or hand-delivery: You may submit written comments and materials to the appropriate field office mailing address for the species in which you are interested;

2. Email: You may send comments by email to the identified contact person's email address in the table, for each species. Please include “Draft Recovery Plan Revision Comments” in the subject line.

Start Further Info


For information on a particular species, contact the appropriate person listed in the table for that species in SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION. Individuals who are hearing impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information



In this notice, we announce for public review and comment the availability of 28 draft recovery plan revisions, which update recovery criteria for 53 endangered or threatened species located in 12 States (Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Mississippi, Nevada, Oregon, Tennessee, and Utah) and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. This group of 28 draft recovery plan revisions is part of a larger effort underway to revise up to 182 recovery plans covering up to 305 species in order to achieve the following Department of the Interior Agency Priority Performance Goal outlined in the Department's Strategic Plan for Fiscal Years 2018-2022: “By September 30, 2019, 100 percent of all Fish and Wildlife Service recovery plans will have quantitative criteria for what constitutes a recovered species.”

The purpose of a recovery plan is to provide a feasible and effective roadmap for a species' recovery, with the goal of improving its status and managing its threats to the point at which protections under the ESA are no longer needed. Recovery plans must be designed so that all stakeholders and the public understand the rationale behind the recovery program, whether they were involved in writing the plan or not, and recognize their role in its implementation. We are requesting submission of any information that enhances the necessary understanding of the (1) species' biology and threats and (2) recovery needs and related implementation issues or concerns, to ensure that we have assembled, considered, and incorporated the best available scientific and commercial information into the draft recovery plan revisions for these 53 species.

Recovery plans provide important guidance to the Service, States, other partners, and the general public on methods of minimizing threats to listed species and objectives against which to measure the progress towards recovery; they are guidance and not regulatory documents. A recovery plan identifies, organizes, and prioritizes recovery actions and is an important guide that ensures sound scientific decision-making throughout the recovery process, which can take decades. Keeping recovery plans current ensures that threatened species and endangered species benefit through timely partner-coordinated implementation, based on the best available information.

A review of a recovery plan and its implementation may show that the plan is out of date or its usefulness is limited and that the plan warrants modification. The need for, and extent of, recovery plan modifications will vary considerably among recovery plans, depending on the scope and complexity of the initial plan, the structure of the document, and the involvement of stakeholders. Recovery plan modifications can range from relatively minor updates to a substantial rewrite that revises the existing plan in part (i.e., an amendment to one of the sections that modifies the existing plan), or in full (i.e., a full revision that completely replaces the existing plan). The need for a recovery plan revision may be triggered when, among other possibilities, (1) new information has been identified, such as population-level threats to the species or previously unknown life-history traits, which necessitates new or revised recovery strategy, actions, or criteria, or revision of all three in order to maintain the adequacy of the plan; and (2) the current plan is not achieving its objectives. Revisions benefit endangered and threatened species, our partners, and the public by incorporating the best available information on what is needed for species' recovery.

Revision of recovery plans requires public notice and comment under section 4(f)(4) of the ESA, including (1) a Federal Register notice of availability to give opportunity for public review and comment, (2) consideration of all information presented during the public comment period, and (3) approval by the Regional Director. When finalized, these recovery plan revisions will be made publicly available on the internet through our Environmental Conservation Online System (ECOS,

What plans are being made available for public review and comment?

This notice announces our draft recovery plan revisions for the species listed in the table below.Start Printed Page 38285

Common nameScientific nameListing status 1Current rangeRecovery plan nameInternet availability of proposed recovery plan revisionContact person, phone, emailContact person's U.S. mail address
Southeast Region (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands)
Orangenacre mucketLampsilis perovalisTAL, MSMobile River Basin Aquatic Ecosystem Recovery Planhttps://;​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Orangenacre%20Mucket%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfWilliam J. Pearson, 251-441-5870, bill_pearson@fws.govAlabama Ecological Services Field Office, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1208-B Main Street, Daphne, AL 36526.
Alabama moccasinshellMedionidus acutissimusTAL, GA, MS, TN​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Alabama%20Moccasinshell%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Dark pigtoePleurobema furvumEAL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Pleurobema%20rubellum%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Triangular kidneyshellPtychobranchus greeniiEAL, GA, TN​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Triangular%20Kidneyshell%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Red Hills salamanderPhaeognathus hubrichtiTALRecovery Plan for the Red Hills Phaeognathus hubrichti​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Red%20Hills%20Salamander%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Heavy pigtoePleurobema taitianumEAL, MSFive Tombigbee River Mussels Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Heavy%20Pigtoe%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Alabama sturgeonScaphirhynchus suttkusiEALRecovery Plan for the Alabama Sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus suttkusi)​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Alabama%20Sturgeon%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Palezone shinerNotropis albizonatusEAL, KYRecovery Plan for Palezone Shiner (Notropis albizonatus)​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Palezone%20Shiner%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfLee Andrews 502-695-0468 lee_andrews@fws.govKentucky Ecological Services Field Station, 330 West Broadway, Suite 265, Frankfort, KY 40601.
Pygmy madtomNoturus stanauliETNRecovery Plan for Pygmy Madtom (Noturus stanauli)​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Pygmy%20Madtom%20*Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Cahaba shinerNotropis cahabaeEALCahaba Shiner (Notropis cahabae) Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Cahaba%20Shiner%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfStephen Ricks, 601-321-1122 stephen_ricks@fws.govMississippi Ecological Services Field Office, 6578 Dogwood View Pkwy, Suite A, Jackson, MS 39213.
Speckled pocketbookLampsilis streckeriEARSpeckled Pocketbook Mussel (Lampsilis streckeri) Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Speckled%20Pocketbook%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfMelvin L. Tobin, 501-513-4473, melvin_tobin@fws.govArkansas Ecological Services Field Office, 110 South Amity Road, Suite 300, Conway, AR 72032.
Fat threeridgeAmblema neisleriiEFL, GARecovery Plan for Endangered Fat Threeridge, Shinyrayed Pocketbook, Gulf Moccasinshell, Ochlockonee Moccasinshell, Oval Pigtoe and Threatened Chipola Slabshell, and Purple Bankclimber​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Fat%20Threeridge%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfCatherine T. Phillips, Ph.D., 850-769-0552, Catherine_phillips@fws.govPanama City Field Office, 1601 Balboa Avenue, Panama City, FL 32405.
Chipola slabshellElliptio chipolaensisTAL, FL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Chipola%20Slabshell%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Cape Sable seaside sparrowAmmodramus maritimus mirabilisEFLSouth Florida Multi-Species Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Cape%20Sable%20Seaside%20Sparrow%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfRoxanna Hinzman, 772-469-4309, SouthFL_recoveryplancomments@fws.govSouth Florida Ecological Services Field Office, 1339 20th Street, Vero Beach, FL 32960.
Florida grasshopper sparrowAmmodramus savannarum floridanusEFL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Florida%20Grasshopper%20Sparrow%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Crenulate lead-plantAmorpha crenulataEFL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Pine%20Rocklands%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Deltoid spurgeChamaesyce deltoidea ssp. deltoideaEFL.
Small's milkpeaGalactia smalliiEFL.
Tiny polygalaPolygala smalliEFL.
Beautiful pawpawDeeringothamnus pulchellusEFL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Beautiful%20Pawpaw_​Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Lakela's mintDicerandra immaculataEFL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Lakelas%20Mint%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Rice ratOryzomys palustris natatorEFL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Silver%20Rice%20Rat%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Start Printed Page 38286
Lower-keys marsh rabbitSylvilagus palustris hefneriEFL​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Lower%20Keys%20Marsh%20Rabbit%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Capa rosaCallicarpa amplaEPuerto RicoCallicarpa ampla, Ilex sintenisii, Styrax portoricensis, Ternstroemia luquillensis, and Ternstroemia subsessilis Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Five%20Plants%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdfEdwin E. Muñiz, 787-851-7297 edwin_muniz@fws.govCaribbean Ecological Services Field Office, P.O. Box 1600, Rio Grande, PR 00745.
No common nameIlex sintenisiiEPuerto Rico.
Palo de jazminStyrax portoricensisEPuerto Rico.
Palo coloradoTernstroemia luquillensisEPuerto Rico.
No common nameTernstroemia subsessilisEPuerto Rico.
Wheeler's peperomiaPeperomia wheeleriEPuerto RicoPeperomia wheeleri Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Peperomia%20wheeleri%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
UvilloEugenia haematocarpaEPuerto RicoRecovery Plan for Pleodendron macranthum and Eugenia haematocarpa​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Eugenia%20haematocarpa%20Pleodendron%20macrantum%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
ChupacallosPleodendron macranthumEPuerto Rico.
GuajónEleutherodactylus cookiTPuerto RicoRecovery Plan for the Guajón or Puerto Rican Demon (Eleutherodactylus cooki)​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Puerto%20Rican%20Demon%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
No common nameElaphoglossum serpensEPuerto RicoPuerto Rican Endangered Ferns Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Puerto%20Rican%20Endangered%20Ferns%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
No common namePolystichum calderonenseEPuerto Rico.
No common nameTectaria estremeranaEPuerto Rico.
No common nameThelypteris inabonensisEPuerto Rico.
No common nameThelypteris verecundaEPuerto Rico.
No common nameThelypteris yaucoensisEPuerto Rico.
No common nameGesneria paucifloraTPuerto RicoGesneria pauciflora Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Gesneria%20pauciflora%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment.pdf
Mountain-Prairie Region (Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming)
Virgin River chubGila robusta seminudaEAZ, NV, UTRecovery Plan for the Virgin River Fishes​tess/​plan/​document/​addendum/​​addendumId=​1016601Larry Crist, 801-975-3330, utahfieldoffice_esa@fws.govUtah Ecological Services Field Office, 2369 West Orton Circle, Suite 50, West Valley City, UT 84119.
Barneby ridge-cressLepidium barnebyanumEUTBarneby Ridge-cress Lepidium barnebyanum Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Barneby%20Ridge%20Cress%20*recovery%20criteria%2020181029%20FINAL.pdf
Clay phaceliaPhacelia argillaceaEUTPhacelia argillacea Atwood Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Clay%20phacelia_​recovery_​criteria_​20181210_​FINAL_​3.pdf
Maguire primrosePrimula maguireiTUTMaguire Primrose (Primula maguirei) Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Maguire_​primrose_​recovery_​criteria_​20181210_​FINAL.pdf
Autumn buttercupRanunculus acriformis var. aestivalisEUTAutumn Buttercup Ranunculus acriformis A. Gray var. aestivalis L. Benson​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Autumnbuttercup_​recovery_​criteria_​20181210_​FINAL.pdf
Shrubby reed-mustardSchoenocrambe suffrutescensEUTUtah Reed-Mustards: Clay Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe argillacea), Barneby Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe barnebyi), Shrubby Reed-Mustard (Schoenocrambe suffrutescens) Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Shrubby%20reed%20mustard%20recovery%20criteria_​20181217_​FINAL.pdf
Start Printed Page 38287
Pacific Southwest Region (California, Nevada, and the Klamath Basin area of Oregon)
Lange's metalmark butterflyApodemia mormo langeiECARecovery Plan for Three Endangered Species Endemic to Antioch Dunes, California​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Draft_​RP_​Amendment%20Antioch%20Dunes.pdfKaylee Allen, 916-930-5603, kaylee_allen@fws.govSan Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office, 650 Capitol Mall, Suite 8-300, Sacramento, CA 95814.
Contra Costa wallflowerErysimum capitatum var. angustatumECA.
Antioch Dunes evening-primroseOenothera deltoides ssp. howelliiECA.
McDonald's rock-cressArabis mcdonaldianaECA, ORMcDonald's Rock-Cress Recovery Plan (Arabis mcdonaldiana Eastwood)​docs/​recovery_​plan/​DRAFT%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment%20MCRC.pdfLaurel Goldsmith, 707-822-7201, laurel_goldsmith@fws.govArcata Fish and Wildlife Office, 1655 Heindon Road, Arcata, CA 95521.
Howell's spineflowerChorizanthe howelliiECASeven Coastal Plants and the Myrtle's Silverspot Butterfly Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Draft%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment%20Chorizanthe%20howellii.pdf
Western lilyLilium occidentaleECA, ORRecovery Plan for the Endangered Western lily (Lilium occidentale)​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Draft%20Amendment%20to%20Western%20lily%20Recovery%20Plan.pdf
White River spinedaceLepidomeda albivallisENVWhite River Spinedace (Lepidomeda albivallis) Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Draft%20Recovery%20Plan%20Amendment%20for%20White%20River%20Spine dace.pdfGlen Knowles, 801-975-3330, glen_knowles@fws.govSouthern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office, 4701 North Torrey Pines Drive, Las Vegas, NV 89130.
Amargosa voleMicrotus californicus scirpensisECAAmargosa vole (Microtus californicus scirpensis) Recovery Plan​docs/​recovery_​plan/​Draft%20RP%20Amendment%20for%20AMVO.pdfBradd Bridges, 760-431-9440, fw8cfwocomments@fws.govCarlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office, 2177 Salk Avenue, Suite 250, Carlsbad, CA 92008.
1 E = endangered; T = threatened.

How do I ask questions or provide information?

For any species listed above, please submit your questions, comments, and materials to the appropriate contact in the table above. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

Request for Public Comments

We request written comments on the draft recovery plan modifications. We will consider all comments we receive by the date specified in DATES prior to final approval of the plans.

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.


The authority for this action is section 4(f) of the Endangered Species Act (16 U.S.C. 1533 (f)).

Start Signature

Dated: July 19, 22019.

Margaret E. Everson,

Principal Deputy Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Exercising the Authority of the Director for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2019-16749 Filed 8-5-19; 8:45 am]