Food and Drug Administration, HHS.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing that a proposed collection of information has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for review and clearance under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995.
Fax written comments on the collection of information by November 14, 2019.
To ensure that comments on the information collection are received, OMB recommends that written comments be faxed to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, Attn: FDA Desk Officer, Fax: 202-395-7285, or emailed to email@example.com. All comments should be identified with the OMB control number 0910-0375. Also include the FDA docket number found in brackets in the heading of this document.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Amber Sanford, Office of Operations, Food and Drug Administration, Three White Flint North, 10A-12M, 11601 Landsdown St., North Bethesda, MD 20852, 301-796-8867, PRAStaff@fda.hhs.gov.
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Start Supplemental Information
In compliance with 44 U.S.C. 3507, FDA has submitted the following proposed collection of information to OMB for review and clearance.
510(k) Third-Party Review Program
OMB Control Number 0910-0375—Extension With Revision
Information collections (ICs) associated with the 510(k) third-party (3P510k) review program have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0375. We request extension, including revisions, of the information collection approval as described in this document.
Section 210 of the Food and Drug Administration Modernization Act of 1997 (FDAMA) established section 523 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) (21 U.S.C. 360m), directing FDA to accredit persons in the private sector to review certain premarket notifications (510(k)s; see 21 U.S.C. 360(k)). Participation in the 3P510k review program by accredited persons is entirely voluntary. A third party wishing to participate will submit a request for accreditation to FDA. Accredited third-party reviewers have the ability to review a manufacturer's 510(k) submission for selected devices. After reviewing a submission, the reviewer will forward a copy of the 510(k) submission, along with the Start Printed Page 55156reviewer's documented review and recommendation, to FDA. Third-party reviewers should maintain records of their 510(k) reviews and a copy of the 510(k) for a reasonable period of time, usually 3 years.
Respondents to this information collection are businesses or other for-profit organizations.
In the Federal Register of September 14, 2018 (83 FR 46742), FDA announced the availability of the draft guidance entitled “510(k) Third-Party Review Program; Draft Guidance for Industry, Food and Drug Administration Staff, and Third-Party Review Organizations.” The draft guidance was intended to provide a comprehensive look into FDA's current thinking regarding the 3P510k review program authorized under the FD&C Act. Under the FDA Reauthorization Act of 2017, FDA was directed to issue draft guidance on the factors that will be used in determining whether a class I or class II device type, or subset of such device types, is eligible for review by an accredited person. The 3P510k review program is intended to allow review of devices by third-party 510k review organizations (3PROs) to provide manufacturers of these devices an alternative review process that allows FDA to best utilize our resources on higher risk devices.
The September 14, 2018, notice requested comment on the draft guidance and related revision of the information collection in OMB control number 0910-0375. We describe and respond below to the comments related to the information collection. We have numbered each comment to help distinguish between different comments. We have grouped similar comments together under the same number, and, in some cases, we have separated different issues discussed in the same comment and designated them as distinct comments for purposes of our responses. The number assigned to each comment or comment topic is purely for organizational purposes and does not signify the comment's value or importance or the order in which comments were received.
(Comment 1) One comment suggested that the 3P510k review program reduces the burden for FDA staff and industry and increases the burden on patients and doctors to figure out which devices are safe and which are not.
Another comment suggested that FDA has not demonstrated that its proposed changes to the 3P510k review program will benefit patients and that the 3P510k review program reduces patient safety, rather than protecting patients from potentially harmful devices.
(Response 1) FDA disagrees with these comments. Section 523 of the FD&C Act requires FDA to accredit persons for the purpose of reviewing reports submitted under section 510(k) of the FD&C Act and making a recommendation to FDA. All devices subject to the 510(k) requirements, including devices cleared through the 3P510k review program, must demonstrate substantial equivalence to a legally marketed device prior to introduction into interstate commerce (see 21 U.S.C. 360(k), 360(n), 360c(f)(1) and 360c(i); 21 CFR 807.92(a)(3)). Under the 3P510k review program, the objective is for the 3PRO to provide a review equivalent to that of an FDA reviewer, including making a recommendation, which it submits to FDA. FDA reviews that information to make a final determination of substantial equivalence and where appropriate, FDA will limit its review to a supervisory-level review. Therefore, the burden to demonstrate substantial equivalence remains unchanged.
In addition, this guidance describes the factors FDA will use to ensure only appropriate device types are eligible for the 3P510k review program and benefits the public health by allowing new, low-to-moderate risk devices to obtain FDA-equivalent review while enabling FDA to focus more resources on higher risk and more complex devices that necessitate more rigorous review benefitting the public health. Accordingly, no change to the guidance is necessary.
(Comment 2) One comment suggested that the proposed definition of a 510(k) Submitter is too narrow by referring to “scientific and technical data” and should be revised to reflect the additional components of a 510(k) submission, such as intended use.
(Response 2) FDA agrees that a 510(k) submission can include more than scientific and technical data. Rather than trying to define the appropriate components of a 510(k) submission in this guidance, FDA has modified the definition of 510(k) Submitter by removing reference to submitting “scientific and technical data.”
(Comment 3) One comment requested clarification regarding to whom the 3PROs should provide copies of written communications between the 510(k) submitter and the 3PRO and, if these copies are submitted to FDA, that this is unnecessarily burdensome to both the 510(k) submitter and the 3PRO.
(Response 3) FDA agrees that this language should be, and therefore it has been, clarified as FDA's intent was that these communications would be provided to FDA and that the context of these communications is the communication and response to deficiencies in the submission. However, FDA disagrees that providing the Agency this information is unnecessarily burdensome. FDA believes that to understand and evaluate whether the 3PRO conducted an FDA-equivalent review, it is necessary to understand how the 3PRO documented and communicated any deficiencies it found during its review, how the 510(k) submitter responded to those deficiencies, and how the 3PRO evaluated those responses.
(Comment 4) Several comments suggested that the language in the guidance is unclear as to whether the 510(k) submitter should provide the 3PRO with all subsequent correspondence that the submitter has with FDA and that once a 3PRO has submitted its recommendation to FDA that any substantive interactions between FDA and the 510(k) submitter are not always relevant and any mandate to supply such correspondence creates additional burden.
Additionally, a comment requested clarification regarding to whom the 3PRO should provide a copy of all written communications.
(Response 4) To the extent that the commenter refers to subsequent correspondence on the 510(k) submission in question, FDA disagrees with the comment. The 3PRO's responsibilities to provide an FDA-equivalent review do not end with the initial submission to FDA. As discussed in subsection VI.J of the guidance, FDA will contact the 3PRO by telephone or email if additional information is needed. FDA not only expects the 3PRO to communicate with the 510(k) submitter to resolve any issues needing the submitter's input, FDA also expects the 3PRO to thoroughly evaluate any responses received and to document those in its updated review memo. Therefore, the 3PRO should be involved in any discussions between FDA and the 510(k) submitter regarding the request for additional information. FDA does not believe that the continued involvement of the 3PRO creates an unnecessary burden given their responsibilities, whereas their involvement in those discussions ensures the response is evaluated in a timely and efficient manner.
(Comment 5) One comment requested clarification on what a new review memo provided by a 3PRO in response to FDA's request for additional information should include or whether a documented evaluation result referring to the evaluation of the 510(k) Start Printed Page 55157submitter's responses to FDA's request for additional information is sufficient.
(Response 5) FDA has clarified in the final guidance that the initial review memo provided by the 3PRO should be updated with this new information in response to FDA's request for additional information. This is consistent with FDA's expectation that the 3PRO provide a review equivalent to that of an FDA reviewer.
FDA estimates the burden of this collection of information as follows:
Estimated Annual Reporting Burden
Requests for accreditation (initial): On average, the Agency has received one application for accreditation for 3P510k review per year. There is no change to this information collection (IC) from the currently approved burden estimate.
Requests for accreditation (re-recognition): We have added an IC for re-recognition requests to be consistent with the guidance, which states that requests for re-recognition will be handled in the same manner as initial recognition requests. Based on the estimated number of 3PROs (seven) and the frequency of re-recognition (3 years), we expect to receive approximately two re-recognition requests per year. We expect the average burden per response to be the same as an initial request (24 hours).
510(k) reviews conducted by accredited third parties: Based on FDA's recent experience with this program, we estimate the number of 510(k)s submitted for third-party review to be 147 annually; approximately 21 annual reviews for each of the 7 3PROs. This IC has been adjusted based on current trends, however, there is no program change to this IC.
Complaints: The guidance recommends that the 3PRO should forward to FDA information on any complaint (e.g., whistleblowing) it receives about a 510(k) submitter that could indicate an issue related to the safety or effectiveness of a medical device or a public health risk. Therefore, we have added an IC for complaints to the reporting burden. We expect to receive one forwarded complaint per year. Based on similar information collections, we estimate the average burden per complaint to be 0.25 hours (15 minutes).
Table 1—Estimated Annual Reporting Burden 1
|Activity||Number of respondents||Number of responses per
respondent||Total annual responses||Average burden per
response||Total hours 2|
|Requests for accreditation (initial) 3||1||1||1||24||24|
|Requests for accreditation (re-recognition) 5||2||1||2||24||48|
|510(k) reviews conducted by accredited third parties 4||7||21||147||40||5,880|
|1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.|
|2 Totals have been rounded.|
|3 There is no change to this IC from the currently approved burden estimate.|
|4 This IC has been adjusted based on current trends, however, there is no program change to this IC.|
|5 This IC revises OMB control number 0910-0375 to reflect the draft guidance entitled “510(k) Third Party Review Program; Draft Guidance for Industry, Food and Drug Administration Staff, and Third-Party Review Organizations.”|
Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden
510(k) reviews: The 3PROs should retain copies of all 510(k) reviews and associated correspondence. Based on FDA's recent experience with this program, we estimate the number of 510(k)s submitted for 3P510k review to be 147 annually; approximately 21 annual reviews for each of the 7 3PROs. We estimate the average burden per recordkeeping to be 10 hours. The estimated number of records and recordkeepers have been adjusted based on current trends, however, there is no program change to this IC.
Records regarding qualifications to receive FDA recognition as a 3PRO: Under section 704(f) of the FD&C Act (21 U.S.C. 374(f)), a 3PRO must maintain records that support their initial and continuing qualifications to receive FDA recognition, including documentation of the training and qualifications of the 3PRO and its personnel; the procedures used by the 3P510k review organization for handling confidential information; the compensation arrangements made by the 3PRO; and the procedures used by the 3PRO to identify and avoid conflicts of interest. Additionally, the draft guidance states that 3PROs should retain information on the identity and qualifications of all personnel who contributed to the technical review of each 510(k) submission and other relevant records. Therefore, we have added an IC for “Records regarding qualification to receive FDA recognition as a 3PRO.” Because most of the burden of compiling the records is expressed in the reporting burden for requests for accreditation, we estimate the maintenance of such records to be 1 hour per recordkeeping annually.
Recordkeeping system regarding complaints: Section 523(b)(3)(F)(iv) of the FD&C Act requires 3PROs to agree in writing that they will promptly respond and attempt to resolve complaints regarding their activities. The guidance recommends that 3PROs establish a recordkeeping system for tracking the submission of those complaints and how those complaints were resolved, or attempted to be resolved. Therefore, we have added an IC for “Recordkeeping system regarding complaints.” Based on our experience with the program and the recommendations in the guidance, we estimate the average burden per recordkeeping to be 2 hours.
Table 2—Estimated Annual Recordkeeping Burden 1
|Activity||Number of recordkeepers||Number of records per recordkeeper||Total annual records||Average burden per
|510(k) reviews 2||7||21||147||10||1,470|
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|Records regarding qualifications to receive FDA recognition as a 3PRO 3||7||1||7||1||7|
|Recordkeeping system regarding complaints 3||7||1||7||2||14|
|1 There are no capital costs or operating and maintenance costs associated with this collection of information.|
|2 This IC has been adjusted based on current trends, however, there is no program change to this IC.|
|3 This IC revises OMB control number 0910-0375 to reflect the draft guidance entitled “510(k) Third Party Review Program; Draft Guidance for Industry, Food and Drug Administration Staff, and Third-Party Review Organizations.”|
We revised our estimates for OMB control number 0910-0375 by adding new ICs, changing the title of the IC request, and adjusting the existing ICs based on current trends. Despite the addition of new ICs, the estimated burden reflects an overall decrease of 5,580 hours. We attribute this adjustment to a decrease in the number of submissions we received over the last few years.
The draft guidance also refers to previously approved ICs found in FDA regulations. The ICs in 21 CFR part 807, subpart E have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0120; the ICs regarding 3P510k review of medical devices under FDAMA have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0375; the ICs for the device appeals processes have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0738; the ICs for the Q-Submission Program (Requests for Feedback on Medical Device Submissions) have been approved under OMB control number 0910-0756.
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Dated: October 4, 2019.
Lowell J. Schiller,
Principal Associate Commissioner for Policy.
[FR Doc. 2019-22345 Filed 10-11-19; 8:45 am]
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