The Department of Commerce (Commerce) determines that imports of mattresses from the People's Republic of China (China) are being, or are likely to be, sold in the United States at less than fair value (LTFV).
Applicable October 23, 2019.
Start Further Info
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Stephen Bailey or Jonathan Hill, AD/CVD Operations, Office IV, Enforcement and Compliance, International Trade Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1401 Constitution Avenue NW, Washington, DC 20230; telephone: (202) 482-0193 or (202) 482-3518, respectively.
End Further Info
Start Supplemental Information
The petitioners in this investigation are Corsicana Mattress Company, Elite Comfort Solutions, Future Foam Inc., FXI, Inc., Innocor, Inc., Kolcraft Enterprises Inc., Leggett & Platt, Incorporated, Serta Simmons Bedding, LLC, and Tempur Sealy International, Inc. (the petitioners). The mandatory respondents in this investigation are Healthcare Co., Ltd. (Healthcare), and Zinus Xiamen Inc.
On June 4, 2019, Commerce published its Preliminary Determination for this investigation and invited interested parties to comment.
On July 10, 2019, Commerce published its Amended Preliminary Determination for this investigation and invited Start Printed Page 56762interested parties to comment.
A summary of the events that occurred since Commerce published the Preliminary Determination and Amended Preliminary Determination may be found in the Issues and Decision Memorandum.
The Issues and Decision Memorandum is a public document and is on file electronically via Enforcement and Compliance's Antidumping and Countervailing Duty Centralized Electronic Service System (ACCESS). ACCESS is available to registered users at http://access.trade.gov and it is available to all parties in the Central Records Unit, Room B8024 of the main Commerce building. In addition, a complete version of the Issues and Decision Memorandum can be accessed directly at http://enforcement.trade.gov/frn/. The signed Issues and Decision Memorandum and the electronic version are identical in content.
Period of Investigation
The period of investigation (POI) is January 1, 2018 through June 30, 2018.
Scope of the Investigation
The products covered by this investigation are mattresses from China. For a full description of the scope of this investigation, see the “Scope of the Investigation,” at Appendix I.
During the course of this investigation Commerce received scope comments from interested parties. Commerce issued a Preliminary Scope Decision Memorandum to address these comments and set aside a period of time for parties to address scope issues in case and rebuttal briefs.
We received scope comments from Innovation Living, Inc. regarding convertible furniture products also referred to as “convertible sofas” or “sofa beds.” 
Further, we received a scope exclusion request from interested parties proposing to exclude convertible furniture products.
We also received a letter from the petitioners agreeing to the proposed scope exclusion regarding convertible furniture products.
We have addressed all scope comments received in the Issues and Decision Memorandum. As a result, we have made certain changes to the scope of this investigation. Specifically, we have excluded convertible furniture products, also referred to as “convertible sofas” or “sofa beds,” from the scope published in the Amended Preliminary Determination.
Final Affirmative Determination of Critical Circumstances
In accordance with 735(a)(3) of the Tariff Act of 1930, as amended (the Act) and 19 CFR 351.206, Commerce determines that critical circumstances exist with respect to imports of mattresses from all non-individually examined companies receiving a separate rate and the China-wide entity. For a full description of the methodology and results of Commerce's final affirmative critical circumstances analysis, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum at Comment 1, “Whether Commerce Should Adjust the Critical Circumstances Analysis.”
As provided in section 782(i) of the Act, Commerce verified the sales and factors of production data reported by Healthcare and Zinus, for use in our final determination.
We used standard verification procedures, including an examination of relevant accounting and production records, and original source documents provided by Healthcare and Zinus.
Analysis of Comments Received
In response to our invitation to comment on the Preliminary Determination and Amended Preliminary Determination, interested parties submitted case and rebuttal briefs to Commerce, as well as scope case and rebuttal briefs. All issues timely raised in the case and rebuttal briefs and the scope case and rebuttal briefs that were submitted by parties in this investigation are addressed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum. A list of the issues addressed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum is attached to this notice at Appendix II.
Commerce conducted this investigation in accordance with section 731 of the Act. Export price was calculated in accordance with section 772(a) of the Act. Constructed export price was calculated in accordance with section 772(b) of the Act. Because China is a non-market economy within the meaning of section 771(18) of the Act, normal value (NV) was calculated in accordance with section 773(c) of the Act. For a full description of the methodology underlying Commerce's determination, see the Preliminary Decision Memorandum; see also the Issues and Decision Memorandum.
Changes Since the Preliminary Determination and Amended Preliminary Determination
Based on our analysis of the comments received and verification, we made certain changes to the Preliminary Determination and Amended Preliminary Determination. For a discussion of these changes, see the Issues and Decision Memorandum.
China-Wide Entity and Use of Adverse Facts Available
For the reasons explained in the Preliminary Determination, we continue to find that the use of adverse facts available (AFA), pursuant to sections 776(a) and (b) of the Act, is warranted in determining the rate for the China-wide entity. In selecting the AFA rate for the China-wide entity, Commerce's practice is to select a rate that is sufficiently adverse to ensure that the uncooperative party does not obtain a more favorable result by failing to cooperate than if it had fully cooperated.
Specifically, it is Start Printed Page 56763Commerce's practice to select, as an AFA rate, the higher of: (a) The highest dumping margin alleged in the petition; or, (b) the highest calculated dumping margin of any respondent in the investigation.
For the final determination, we are assigning the China-wide entity, as AFA, the highest petition margin of 1,731.75 percent. In order to corroborate the highest dumping margin alleged in the Petition,
1,731.75 percent, and to determine its probative value, the Department of Commerce (Commerce) examined (A) the range of individual dumping margins calculated using average-to-transaction (A-to-T) comparisons calculated for Healthcare and Zinus in the final determination of this investigation, (B) the range of individual dumping margins calculated using average-to-average (A-to-A) comparisons calculated for Healthcare and Zinus in this final determination, and (C) the U.S. price and normal value that are the basis of the highest dumping margin alleged in the Petition compared to the U.S. prices reported by Healthcare and Zinus and the normal values calculated for Healthcare and Zinus in this investigation. We are able to corroborate the highest petition dumping margin, to the extent practicable within the meaning of section 776(c) of the Act, using transaction-specific dumping margins, weighted-average dumping margins calculated for Healthcare and Zinus, and Healthcare and Zinus normal values and U.S. prices. Thus, we assigned this dumping margin to the China-wide entity as AFA. For further discussion, see the proprietary version of the Issues and Decision Memorandum at Comment 4 “Whether the China-wide Entity Rate is Corroborated and Reasonable.”
No parties commented on our decision in the Amended Preliminary Determination to grant separate rate status to 38 companies, including Healthcare and Zinus. The exporters granted separate rate status in this final determination are listed in the table in the “Final Determination” section of this notice. We continue to assign the estimated weighted-average dumping margin calculated for Healthcare and Zinus to the exporters not individually examined that are entitled to a separate rate. The companies denied a separate rate will be treated as part of the China-wide entity whose estimated weighted-average dumping margin, for the reasons explained, and as corroborated, in the Preliminary Determination and this final determination, is based on total adverse facts available pursuant to sections 776(a) and (b) of the Act.
As explained in the Initiation Notice and implemented in the Preliminary Determination, we have continued to calculate producer/exporter combination rates for the respondents that are eligible for a separate rate.
Policy Bulletin 05.1 also describes this practice.
The final estimated weighted-average dumping margins are as follows:
|Healthcare Co., Ltd||Healthcare Co., Ltd||57.03|
|Zinus Inc./Zinus Xiamen Inc./Zinus Zhangzhou Inc.16||Zinus Inc./Zinus Xiamen Inc./Zinus Zhangzhou Inc||192.04|
|Dockter China Limited||Dongguan Beijianing Household Products Co., Ltd. (a.k.a. Better Zs, Ltd.)||162.76|
|Dockter China Limited||Healthcare Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Dockter China Limited||Huizhou Lemeijia Household Products Co., Ltd. (a.k.a. Better Zs, Ltd.)||162.76|
|Foshan Chiland Furniture Co., Ltd||Foshan Chiland Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan City Jinxingma Furniture Manufacture Co., Ltd||Foshan City Jinxingma Furniture Manufacture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan City Kewei Furniture Co., Ltd||Foshan City Kewei Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan City Shunde Haozuan Furniture Co., Ltd||Foshan City Shunde Haozuan Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan EON Technology Industry Co., Ltd||Foshan EON Technology Industry Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan Mengruo Household Furniture Co., Ltd||Foshan Mengruo Household Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan Qisheng Sponge Co., Ltd||Foshan Qisheng Sponge Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan Ruixin Non Woven Co., Ltd||Foshan Ruixin Non Woven Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan Suilong Furniture Co. Ltd||Foshan Suilong Furniture Co. Ltd||162.76|
|Foshan Ziranbao Furniture Co., Ltd||Foshan Ziranbao Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Guangdong Diglant Furniture Industrial Co., Ltd||Guangdong Diglant Furniture Industrial Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Healthcare Sleep Products Limited||Healthcare Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Hong Kong Gesin Technology Limited||Inno Sports Co., Ltd||162.76|
|lnno Sports Co., Ltd||lnno Sports Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Jiangsu Wellcare Household Articles Co., Ltd||Jiangsu Wellcare Household Articles Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Jiashan Nova Co., Ltd||Jiashan Nova Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Jiaxing Taien Springs Co., Ltd||Jiaxing Taien Springs Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Start Printed Page 56764|
|Jiaxing Visco Foam Co., Ltd||Jiaxing Visco Foam Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Jinlongheng Furniture Co., Ltd||Jinlongheng Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Luen Tai Group (China) Limited||Shenzhen L&T Industrial Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Luen Tai Global Limited||Shenzhen L&T Industrial Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Man Wah Furniture Manufacturing (Hui Zhou) Co., Ltd., Man Wah (MACAO Commercial Offshore), Ltd. and Man Wah (USA), Inc||Man Wah Household Industry (Huizhou) Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Ningbo Megafeat Bedding Co., Ltd||Ningbo Megafeat Bedding Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Ningbo Shuibishen Home Textile Technology Co., Ltd||Ningbo Shuibishen Home Textile Technology Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Nisco Co., Ltd||Healthcare Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Quanzhou Hengang Imp. & Exp. Co., Ltd||Quanzhou Hengang Industries Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Shanghai Glory Home Furnishings Co., Ltd||Shanghai Glory Home Furnishings Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Sinomax Macao Commercial Offshore Limited||Dongguan Sinohome Limited||162.76|
|Sinomax Macao Commercial Offshore Limited||Sinomax (Zhejiang) Polyurethane Technology Ltd||162.76|
|Wings Developing Co., Limited||Quanzhou Hengang Industries Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Xianghe Kaneman Furniture Co., Ltd||Xianghe Kaneman Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Xilinmen Furniture Co., Ltd||Xilinmen Furniture Co., Ltd||162.76|
|Zhejiang Glory Home Furnishings Co., Ltd||Zhejiang Glory Home Furnishings Co., Ltd||162.76|
We intend to disclose, to interested parties under Administrative Protective Order (APO), the calculations performed in connection with this final determination within five days of any public announcement or, if there is no public announcement, within five days of the date of publication of the notice of final determination in the Federal Register, in accordance with 19 CFR 351.224(b).
Continuation of Suspension of Liquidation
As noted above, Commerce continues to find that critical circumstances exist with respect to imports of subject merchandise from the separate rate companies and the China-wide entity, but do not exist for Healthcare and Zinus. In accordance with section 733(e)(2)(A) of the Act, the suspension of liquidation shall apply to unliquidated entries of shipments of mattresses from China as described in Appendix I of this notice, from the separate rate companies and the China-wide entity that were entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after March 6, 2019, which is 90 days before the publication of the Preliminary Determination. Because we continue to find that critical circumstances do not exist with regard to Healthcare and Zinus, in accordance with section 735(c)(1)(B) of the Act, Commerce will instruct U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) to continue to suspend liquidation of all Healthcare and Zinus entries of mattresses from China as described in Appendix I of this notice, which were entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after June 4, 2019, the date of publication of the Preliminary Determination.
Further, pursuant to section 735(c)(1)(B)(ii) of the Act and 19 CFR 351.210(d), we will instruct CBP to require a cash deposit for estimated antidumping duties for such entries as follows: (1) For the exporter/producer combinations listed in the table above, the cash deposit rate is equal to the estimated weighted-average dumping margin listed for that combination in the table; (2) for all combinations of exporters/producers of subject merchandise not listed in the table above, the cash deposit rate is equal to the estimated weighted-average dumping margin listed in the table for the China-wide entity; and (3) for all non-Chinese exporters of subject merchandise not listed in the table above, the cash deposit rate is equal to the cash deposit rate applicable to the exporter/producer of subject merchandise combination (or the China-wide entity) that supplied that non-Chinese exporter.
These suspension of liquidation instructions will remain in effect until further notice.
International Trade Commission Notification
In accordance with section 735(d) of the Act, we will notify the International Trade Commission (ITC) of the final affirmative determination of sales at LTFV. Because the final determination is affirmative, in accordance with section 735(b)(2) of the Act, the ITC will make its final determination as to whether the domestic industry in the United States is materially injured, or threatened with material injury, by reason of imports or sales (or the likelihood of sales) for importation of subject mattresses, no later than 45 days after this final determination. If the ITC determines that such injury does not exist, this proceeding will be terminated, and all cash deposited for antidumping duties will be refunded. If the ITC determines that such injury does exist, Commerce will issue an antidumping duty order directing CBP to assess, upon further instruction by Commerce, antidumping duties on all imports of the subject merchandise entered, or withdrawn from warehouse, for consumption on or after the effective date of the suspension of liquidation, as discussed above in the “Continuation of Suspension of Liquidation” section.
Administrative Protective Orders
In the event that the ITC issues a final negative injury determination, this notice will serve as the only reminder to the parties subject to Administrative Protective Order (APO) of their responsibility concerning the disposition of propriety information disclosed under APO in accordance with 19 CFR 351.305(a)(3). Timely written notification of the return or destruction of APO materials or, alternatively, conversion to judicial protective order, is hereby requested. Failure to comply with the regulations and terms of an APO is a violation that is subject to sanction.Start Printed Page 56765
Notification to Interested Parties
This determination is issued and published pursuant to sections 735(d) and 777(i)(1) of the Act, and 19 CFR 351.210(c).
Dated: October 17, 2019.
Deputy Assistant Secretary for Enforcement and Compliance.
Scope of the Investigation
The products covered by this investigation are all types of youth and adult mattresses. The term “mattress” denotes an assembly of materials that at a minimum includes a “core,” which provides the main support system of the mattress, and may consist of innersprings, foam, other resilient filling, or a combination of these materials. Mattresses may also contain (1) “upholstery,” the material between the core and the top panel of the ticking on a single-sided mattress, or between the core and the top and bottom panel of the ticking on a double-sided mattress; and/or (2) “ticking,” the outermost layer of fabric or other material (e.g., vinyl) that encloses the core and any upholstery, also known as a cover.
The scope of this investigation is restricted to only “adult mattresses” and “youth mattresses.” “Adult mattresses” have a width exceeding 35 inches, a length exceeding 72 inches, and a depth exceeding 3 inches on a nominal basis. Such mattresses are frequently described as “twin,” “extra-long twin,” “full,” “queen,” “king,” or “California king” mattresses. “Youth mattresses” have a width exceeding 27 inches, a length exceeding 51 inches, and a depth exceeding 1 inch (crib mattresses have a depth of 6 inches or less from edge to edge) on a nominal basis. Such mattresses are typically described as “crib,” “toddler,” or “youth” mattresses. All adult and youth mattresses are included regardless of actual size description.
The scope encompasses all types of “innerspring mattresses,” “non-innerspring mattresses,” and “hybrid mattresses.” “Innerspring mattresses” contain innersprings, a series of metal springs joined together in sizes that correspond to the dimensions of mattresses. Mattresses that contain innersprings are referred to as “innerspring mattresses” or “hybrid mattresses.” “Hybrid mattresses” contain two or more support systems as the core, such as layers of both memory foam and innerspring units.
“Non-innerspring mattresses” are those that do not contain any innerspring units. They are generally produced from foams (e.g., polyurethane, memory (viscoelastic), latex foam, gel-infused viscoelastic (gel foam), thermobonded polyester, polyethylene) or other resilient filling.
Mattresses covered by the scope of this investigation may be imported independently, as part of furniture or furniture mechanisms (e.g., convertible sofa bed mattresses, sofa bed mattresses imported with sofa bed mechanisms, corner group mattresses, day-bed mattresses, roll-away bed mattresses, high risers, trundle bed mattresses, crib mattresses), or as part of a set in combination with a “mattress foundation.” “Mattress foundations” are any base or support for a mattress. Mattress foundations are commonly referred to as “foundations,” “boxsprings,” “platforms,” and/or “bases.” Bases can be static, foldable, or adjustable. Only the mattress is covered by the scope if imported as part of furniture, with furniture mechanisms, or as part of a set in combination with a mattress foundation.
Excluded from the scope of this investigation are “futon” mattresses. A “futon” is a bi-fold frame made of wood, metal, or plastic material, or any combination thereof, that functions as both seating furniture (such as a couch, love seat, or sofa) and a bed. A “futon mattress” is a tufted mattress, where the top covering is secured to the bottom with thread that goes completely through the mattress from the top through to the bottom, and it does not contain innersprings or foam. A futon mattress is both the bed and seating surface for the futon.
Also excluded from the scope are airbeds (including inflatable mattresses) and waterbeds, which consist of air- or liquid-filled bladders as the core or main support system of the mattress.
Also excluded is certain multifunctional furniture that is convertible from seating to sleeping, regardless of filler material or components, where that filler material or components are integrated into the design and construction of, and inseparable from, the furniture framing. Such furniture may, and without limitation, be commonly referred to as “convertible sofas,” “sofa beds,” “sofa chaise sleepers,” “futons,” “ottoman sleepers” or a like description.
Further, also excluded from the scope of this investigation are any products covered by the existing antidumping duty order on uncovered innerspring units. See Uncovered Innerspring
Units from the People's Republic of China: Notice of Antidumping Duty Order, 74 FR 7661 (February 19, 2009).
Additionally, also excluded from the scope of this investigation are “mattress toppers.” A “mattress topper” is a removable bedding accessory that supplements a mattress by providing an additional layer that is placed on top of a mattress. Excluded mattress toppers have a height of four inches or less.
The products subject to this investigation are currently properly classifiable under Harmonized Tariff Schedule for the United States (HTSUS) subheadings: 9404.21.0010, 9404.21.0013, 9404.29.1005, 9404.29.1013, 9404.29.9085, and 9404.29.9087. Products subject to this investigation may also enter under HTSUS subheadings: 9404.21.0095, 9404.29.1095, 9404.29.9095, 9401.40.0000, and 9401.90.5081. Although the HTSUS subheadings are provided for convenience and customs purposes, the written description of the merchandise subject to this investigation is dispositive.
List of Topics Discussed in the Issues and Decision Memorandum
III. Scope Comments
IV. Scope of the Investigation
V. Changes From the Preliminary Determination
VI. Analysis of Comments
Comment 1: Whether Commerce Should Adjust the Critical Circumstances Analysis
Comment 2: Whether to Allow the Inclusion of Cash Deposits for the 90-Day Retroactive Period
Comment 3: Whether Commerce Should Take into Consideration the Claimed Impact of Section 301 Tariffs on the Critical Circumstances Surge Analysis
Comment 4: Whether the China-wide Entity Rate is Corroborated and Reasonable
Comment 5: Whether Commerce Should Rely on Malaysia or Mexico as the Surrogate Country
Comment 6: Whether Commerce Should Remove Luxury Sleep's Distribution Costs from the Financial Ratio Calculation
Comment 7: Whether Commerce Should Average the Luxury Sleep and Aerofoam Financial Statements
Comment 8: Whether Commerce Should Apply AFA to Healthcare
Comment 9: Whether Commerce Should Allow an Adjustment for Healthcare's Freight Revenue
Comment 10: Whether Commerce Should Recalculate Healthcare's Indirect Selling Expense Ratio
Comment 11: Surrogate Values for Certain Zinus Inputs
Comment 12: Zinus' Per-Unit Calculation of Water
Comment 13: Zinus' Direct Expenses Calculation
Comment 14: Zinus' Cash Deposit Instructions
End Supplemental Information
[FR Doc. 2019-23107 Filed 10-22-19; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 3510-DS-P