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Concurrence With OIE Risk Designations for Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy

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Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, USDA.




We are advising the public of our preliminary concurrence with the World Organization for Animal Health's (OIE) bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) risk designations for Ecuador and Serbia. The OIE recognizes Ecuador as being of controlled risk for BSE and Serbia as being of negligible risk for BSE. We are taking this action based on our review of information supporting the OIE's risk designations for these regions.


We will consider all comments that we receive on or before December 24, 2019.


You may submit comments by either of the following methods:

Supporting documents and any comments we receive on this docket may be viewed at​#!docketDetail;​D=​APHIS-2019-0053 or in our reading room, which is located in Room 1141 of the USDA South Building, 14th Street and Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC. Normal reading room hours are 8 a.m. to 4:30 p.m., Monday through Friday, except holidays. To be sure someone is there to help you, please call (202) 799-7039 before coming.

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Dr. Tracy McCracken, Staff Officer, Strategy & Policy, Regionalization Evaluation Services, 4700 River Road, Riverdale, MD 20737; phone (301) 851-3461;

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The regulations in 9 CFR part 92 subpart B, “Importation of Animals and Animal Products; Procedures for Requesting BSE Risk Status Classification With Regard To Bovines” (referred to below as the regulations), set forth the process by which the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS) classifies regions for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) risk. Section 92.5 of the regulations provides that all countries of the world are considered by APHIS to be in one of three BSE risk categories: Negligible risk, controlled risk, or undetermined risk. These risk categories are defined in § 92.1. Any region that is not classified by APHIS as presenting either negligible risk or controlled risk for BSE is considered to present an undetermined risk. The list of those regions classified by APHIS as having either negligible risk or controlled risk can be accessed on the APHIS website at​aphis/​ourfocus/​animalhealth/​animal-and-animal-product-import-information/​animal-health-status-of-regions. The list can also be obtained by writing to APHIS at Regionalization Evaluation Services, 4700 River Road, Unit 38, Riverdale, MD 20737.

Under the regulations, APHIS may classify a region for BSE in one of two ways. One way is for regions that have not received a risk classification from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) to request classification by APHIS. The other way is for APHIS to concur with the classification given to a country or region by the OIE.

If the OIE has classified a region as either BSE negligible risk or BSE Start Printed Page 57385controlled risk, APHIS will seek information to support concurrence with the OIE classification. This information may be publicly available information, or APHIS may request that regions supply the same information given to the OIE. APHIS will announce in the Federal Register, subject to public comment, its intent to concur with an OIE classification.

In accordance with this process, we are giving notice in this document that APHIS intends to concur with the OIE risk classifications of the following regions:

  • Regions of negligible risk for BSE: Serbia.
  • Regions of controlled risk for BSE: Ecuador.

The OIE recommendations regarding each of the above countries can be viewed at​animal-health-in-the-world/​official-disease-status/​bse/​list-of-bse-risk-status/​. The conclusions of the OIE scientific commission for these regions can be viewed at​fileadmin/​Home/​eng/​Internationa_​Standard_​Setting/​docs/​pdf/​SCAD/​A_​SCAD_​Feb2019.pdf (page 71 for Ecuador and page 68 for Serbia).

After reviewing any comments we receive, we will announce our final determination regarding the BSE classification of these regions in the Federal Register, along with a discussion of and response to pertinent issues raised by commenters. If APHIS recognizes the OIE negligible BSE risk designation of Serbia and/or the controlled risk BSE designation of Ecuador, the Agency will include those regions of negligible risk or controlled risk for BSE, as applicable, that is available to the public on the Agency's website at​aphis/​ourfocus/​animalhealth/​animal-and-animal-product-import-information/​animal-health-status-of-regions.

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Authority: 7 U.S.C. 1622 and 8301-8317; 21 U.S.C. 136 and 136a; 31 U.S.C. 9701; 7 CFR 2.22, 2.80, and 371.4.

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Done in Washington, DC, this 21st day of October 2019.

Kevin Shea,

Administrator, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service.

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[FR Doc. 2019-23343 Filed 10-24-19; 8:45 am]