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Air Plan Approval; OR: 2018 Permitting Rule Revisions

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is approving revisions to the Oregon State Implementation Plan (SIP) submitted on December 11, 2018. The revisions update the SIP to allow for electronic public notice of proposed major stationary source permits, add references to stationary source sampling requirements, make use of plain language, and correct errors. The EPA has determined the changes are consistent with Clean Air Act requirements.

DATES:

This final rule is effective December 2, 2019.

ADDRESSES:

The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-R10-OAR-2019-0269. All documents in the docket are listed on the https://www.regulations.gov website. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, e.g., Confidential Business Information or other information the disclosure of which is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly-available docket materials are available at https://www.regulations.gov, or please contact the person listed in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional availability information.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Kristin Hall, EPA Region 10, 1200 Sixth Avenue, Suite 155, Seattle, WA 98101, at (206) 553-6357, or hall.kristin@epa.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Throughout this document, wherever “we,” “us,” or “our” is used, it refers to the EPA.

Table of Contents

I. Background

II. Response to Comment

III. Final Action

IV. Incorporation by Reference

V. Oregon Notice Provision

VI. Statutory and Executive Order Review

I. Background

On December 11, 2018, Oregon submitted revised regulations to the EPA for approval into the Oregon SIP. On July 16, 2019, we proposed to approve the submitted changes (84 FR 33883). The reasons for our proposed approval were stated in the proposed rule and will not be re-stated here. The public comment period for our proposed action ended on August 15, 2019. We received two comments.

II. Response to Comment

The first comment, submitted anonymously, supported the proposed action. The second comment, submitted by Oregon Business & Industry (OBI), also supported the proposed action. In the comment, OBI requested that we make clear in the final rule that the EPA's action does not approve or incorporate by reference into the Oregon SIP any source obligation or regulatory requirement under the Cleaner Air Oregon program, regardless of whether such obligation or regulation is included in any sections of the Oregon Administrative Rules or in the Source Sampling Manual. We believe our regulatory text amending 40 CFR part 52, subpart MM, clearly states the scope of our approval and addresses the comment. The full text of the comments are in the docket for this action.

III. Final Action

The EPA is approving, and incorporating by reference, the submitted changes to the following provisions, State effective November 16, 2018:

  • Division 200 General Air Pollution Procedures and Definitions (0020, 0035);
  • Division 209 Public Participation (0020, 0030, 0040, 0050); and
  • Division 216 Air Contaminant Discharge Permits (0020, 0030, 0040, 0090, 8020).

These changes are approved only to the extent the requirements apply to (1) pollutants for which NAAQS have been established (criteria pollutants) and precursors to those criteria pollutants as determined by the EPA for the applicable geographic area; and (2) any additional pollutants that are required to be regulated under Part C of Title I of the CAA, but only for the purposes of meeting or avoiding the requirements of Part C of Title I of the CAA.

The EPA is also approving, but not incorporating by reference, the submitted changes to the following provisions, State effective November 16, 2018:

  • Division 12 Enforcement Procedure and Civil Penalties (0030, 0053, 0054, 0135, 0140), only to the extent the provisions relate to enforcement of the requirements contained in the Oregon SIP; and
  • Source Sampling Manual, Volume I, 2018 Edition, for purposes of the limits in the Oregon SIP.

IV. Incorporation by Reference

In this document, the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, we are finalizing the incorporation by reference of Oregon Administrative Rules as described in the amendments to 40 CFR part 52 set forth below. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through https://www.regulations.gov and at the EPA Region 10 Office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information). Therefore, these materials have been approved by the EPA for inclusion in the SIP, have been incorporated by reference by the EPA into that plan, are fully federally-enforceable under sections 110 and 113 of the CAA as of the effective date of the final rulemaking of the EPA's approval, and will be incorporated by reference in the next update to the SIP compilation.[1]

V. Oregon Notice Provision

Oregon Revised Statute 468.126 prohibits the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality from imposing a penalty for violation of an air, water or solid waste permit unless the source has been provided five days' advanced written notice of the violation and has not come into compliance or submitted a compliance schedule within that five-day period. By its terms, the statute does not apply to Oregon's title V program or to any program if application of the notice provision would disqualify the program from Federal delegation. Oregon has previously confirmed that, because application of the notice provision would preclude EPA approval of the Oregon SIP, no advance notice is required for violation of SIP requirements.Start Printed Page 58325

VI. Statutory and Executive Order Review

Under the CAA, the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the CAA and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, the EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a “significant regulatory action” subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • Is not an Executive Order 13771 (82 FR 9339, February 2, 2017) regulatory action because SIP approvals are exempted under Executive Order 12866;
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of section 12(d) of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act of 1995 (15 U.S.C. 272 note) because application of those requirements would be inconsistent with the Clean Air Act; and
  • Does not provide the EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

The SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and it will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. The EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by December 30, 2019. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements. (See section 307(b)(2)).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Carbon monoxide
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Intergovernmental relations
  • Lead
  • Nitrogen dioxide
  • Ozone
  • Particulate matter
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Sulfur oxides
  • Volatile organic compounds
End List of Subjects Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority Start Signature

Dated: October 7, 2019.

Chris Hladick,

Regional Administrator, Region 10.

End Signature

For the reasons stated in the preamble, 40 CFR part 52 is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 52—APPROVAL AND PROMULGATION OF IMPLEMENTATION PLANS

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority

Subpart MM-Oregon

Start Amendment Part

2. In § 52.1970:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Paragraph (c), Table 2, is amended by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

i. Revising entries “200-0020”, “200-0035”, “209-0020”, “209-0030”, “209-0040”, “209-0050”, “216-0020”, “216-0030”, “216-0040”, “216-0090”, “216-8020”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

ii. Revising footnote number 1; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Paragraph (e), Table 2, is amended by:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

i. Revising the undesignated center heading “Division 12—Enforcement Procedure and Civil Penalties”;

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

ii. Revising entries “12-0030”, “12-0053”, “12-0054”, “12-0135”, and “12-0140”; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

iii. Adding footnote number 1 at the end of the table; and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

c. Paragraph (e), Table 5, is amended by revising entry “ODEQ Source Sampling Manual”.

End Amendment Part

The revisions and addition read as follows:

Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

Start Printed Page 58326

Table 2—EPA Approved Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) 1

State citationTitle/subjectState effective dateEPA approval dateExplanations
CHAPTER 340—DEPARTMENT OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Division 200—General Air Pollution Procedures and Definitions
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
200-0020General Air Quality Definitions11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
200-0035Reference Materials11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Division 209—Public Participation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
209-0020Applicability11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
209-0030Public Notice Categories and Timing11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
209-0040Public Notice Information11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
209-0050Public Notice Procedures11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Division 216—Air Contaminant Discharge Permits
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
216-0020Applicability and Jurisdiction11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
216-0030Definitions11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
216-0040Application Requirements11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
216-0090Sources Subject to ACDPs and Fees11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
216-8020Table 2—Air Contaminant Discharge Permits11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
1 The EPA approves the requirements in Table 2 of this paragraph (c) only to the extent they apply to (1) pollutants for which NAAQS have been established (criteria pollutants) and precursors to those criteria pollutants as determined by the EPA for the applicable geographic area; and (2) any additional pollutants that are required to be regulated under Part C of Title I of the CAA, but only for the purposes of meeting or avoiding the requirements of Part C of Title I of the CAA.
* * * * *

(e) * * *Start Printed Page 58327

Table 2—Oregon Administrative Rules Approved But Not Incorporated by Reference

State citationTitle/subjectState effective dateEPA approval dateExplanation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Division 12—Enforcement Procedure and Civil Penalties1
12-0030Definitions11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
12-0053Classification of Violations that Apply to all Programs11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
12-0054Air Quality Classification of Violations11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
12-0135Selected Magnitude Categories11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
12-0140Determination of Base Penalty11/16/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
1 The EPA approves the provisions in Table 2 of this paragraph (e) only to the extent the provisions relate to enforcement of the requirements contained in the Oregon SIP.
* * * * *

Table 5—State of Oregon Air Quality Control Program Approved But Not Incorporated By Reference

Name of SIP provisionApplicable geographic or nonattainment areaState submittal dateEPA approval dateExplanations
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
EPA-Approved Manuals
ODEQ Source Sampling ManualState-wide12/11/201810/31/2019, [Insert Federal Register citation]Volume I (November 2018 edition) and Volume II (April 2015 edition) only for purposes of the emission limits and requirements approved into the Oregon SIP.
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  62 FR 27968 (May 22, 1997).

Back to Citation

[FR Doc. 2019-23522 Filed 10-30-19; 8:45 am]

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