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Notice

Labor Certification Process for the Temporary Employment of Aliens in Agriculture in the United States: 2020 Adverse Effect Wage Rates for Non-Range Occupations

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AGENCY:

Employment and Training Administration (ETA), Labor.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Employment and Training Administration (ETA) of the Department of Labor (Department) is issuing this notice to announce the 2020 Adverse Effect Wage Rates (AEWR) for the employment of temporary or seasonal nonimmigrant foreign workers (H-2A workers) to perform agricultural labor or services other than the herding or production of livestock on the range. AEWRs are the minimum wage rates the Department has determined must be offered and paid by employers to H-2A workers and workers in corresponding employment for a particular occupation and area so that the wages and working conditions of similarly employed workers in the United States will not be adversely affected. In this notice, the Department announces the annual update of the AEWRs.

DATES:

These rates are applicable January 2, 2020.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Thomas M. Dowd, Deputy Assistant Secretary, Employment and Training Administration, Department of Labor, Box #12-200, 200 Constitution Ave. NW, Washington, DC 20210, Telephone: (202) 693-2772 (this is not a toll-free number). Individuals with hearing or speech impairments may access the telephone number above via TTY by calling the toll-free Federal Information Relay Service at 1-877-889-5627 (TTY/TDD).

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

The U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services of the Department of Homeland Security will not approve an employer's petition for the admission of H-2A nonimmigrant temporary and seasonal agricultural workers in the United States unless the petitioner has received an H-2A labor certification from the Department. The labor certification provides that: (1) There are not sufficient U.S. workers who are able, willing, and qualified and who will be available at the time and place needed to perform the labor or services involved in the petition; and (2) the employment of the foreign worker(s) in such labor or services will not adversely affect the wages and working conditions of workers in the United States similarly employed. 8 U.S.C. 1101(a)(15)(H)(ii)(a), 1184(c)(1), and 1188(a); 8 CFR 214.2(h)(5); 20 CFR 655.100.

Adverse Effect Wage Rates for 2020

The Department's H-2A regulations at 20 CFR 655.122(l) provide that employers must pay their H-2A workers and workers in corresponding employment at least the highest of: (i) The AEWR; (ii) the prevailing hourly wage rate; (iii) the prevailing piece rate; (iv) the agreed-upon collective bargaining wage rate; or (v) the federal or state minimum wage rate in effect at the time the work is performed. Further, when the AEWR is adjusted during a work contract and is higher than the highest of the previous AEWR, the prevailing hourly wage rate, the prevailing piece rate, the agreed-upon collective bargaining wage, the Federal minimum wage rate, or the state minimum wage rate, the employer must pay that adjusted AEWR upon the effective date of the new rate, as provided in the applicable Federal Register Notice. See 20 CFR 655.122(l) (requiring the applicable AEWR or other wage rate to be paid based on the AEWR or rate in effect “at the time work is performed”).

The AEWR for all agricultural employment (except for the herding or production of livestock on the range, which is covered by 20 CFR 655.200-235) for which temporary H-2A certification is being sought is equal to the annual weighted average hourly wage rate for field and livestock workers (combined) in the state or region as published annually by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). 20 CFR 655.120(c) requires that the Administrator of the Office of Foreign Labor Certification publish the USDA field and livestock worker (combined) wage data as AEWRs in a Federal Register Notice. Accordingly, the 2020 AEWRs to be paid for agricultural work performed by H-2A and U.S. workers on and after the effective date of this notice are set forth in the table below:

Table—2020 Adverse Effect Wage Rates

State2020 AEWRs
Alabama$11.71
Arizona12.91
Arkansas11.83
California14.77
Colorado14.26
Connecticut14.29
Delaware13.34
Florida11.71
Georgia11.71
Hawaii14.90
Idaho13.62
Illinois14.52
Indiana14.52
Iowa14.58
Kansas14.99
Kentucky12.40
Louisiana11.83
Maine14.29
Maryland13.34
Massachusetts14.29
Michigan14.40
Minnesota14.40
Mississippi11.83
Missouri14.58
Montana13.62
Nebraska14.99
Nevada14.26
New Hampshire14.29
New Jersey13.34
New Mexico12.91
New York14.29
North Carolina12.67
North Dakota14.99
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Ohio14.52
Oklahoma12.67
Oregon15.83
Pennsylvania13.34
Rhode Island14.29
South Carolina11.71
South Dakota14.99
Tennessee12.40
Texas12.67
Utah14.26
Vermont14.29
Virginia12.67
Washington15.83
West Virginia12.40
Wisconsin14.40
Wyoming13.62

Pursuant to the H-2A regulations at 20 CFR 655.173, the Department will publish a separate Federal Register Notice in early 2020 to announce: (1) The allowable charges for 2020 that employers seeking H-2A workers may charge their workers for providing them three meals a day; and (2) the maximum travel subsistence reimbursement that a worker with receipts may claim in 2020. Also in a separate Federal Register Notice, the Department will publish the monthly AEWR for workers engaged to perform herding or production of livestock on the range for 2020.

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John Pallasch,

Assistant Secretary for Employment and Training.

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[FR Doc. 2019-27410 Filed 12-18-19; 8:45 am]

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