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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 66 Species in California and Nevada

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year status reviews of 66 species in California and Nevada under the Endangered Species Act. A 5-year review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last review.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than March 27, 2020. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

For how and where to submit information or questions, see Request for New Information.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For general questions, please contact Peter Erickson, 916-414-6741. For whom to contact with species-specific information or questions, see Request for New Information.

Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8337 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented to benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for the species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the species listed in the table below.

Common nameScientific nameStatusLocations where the species is known to occurFinal listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Lead Fish and Wildlife office
Animals
Beetle, Casey's JuneDinacoma caseyiECA76 FR 58954; 10/24/2011Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, El Segundo blueEuphilotes battoides allyniECA41 FR 22041; 6/1/1976Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, Palos Verdes blueGlaucopsyche lygdamus palosverdesensisECA45 FR 44939; 7/2/1980Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Fairy shrimp, RiversideStreptocephalus woottoniECA, Mexico58 FR 41384; 8/3/1993Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Fairy shrimp, San DiegoBranchinecta sandiegonensisECA, Mexico62 FR 4925; 2/3/1997Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Fly, Delhi Sands flower-lovingRhaphiomidas terminatus abdominalisECA58 FR 49881; 9/23/1993Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Gnatcatcher, coastal CaliforniaPolioptila californica californicaTCA, Mexico58 FR 16742; 3/30/1993Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Salamander, desert slenderBatrachoseps aridusECA38 FR 14678; 6/4/1973Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sheep, Peninsular bighornOvis canadensis nelsoniECA, Mexico63 FR 13134; 3/18/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Shrike, San Clemente loggerheadLanius ludovicianus mearnsiECA42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sparrow, San Clemente sageAmphispiza belli clementeaeTCA42 FR 40682; 8/11/1977Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Springfish, Railroad ValleyCrenichthys nevadaeTNV51 FR 10857; 3/31/1986Reno Fish and Wildlife Office.
Beetle, delta green groundElaphrus viridisTCA45 FR 52807; 8/8/1980Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Beetle, valley elderberry longhornDesmocerus californicus dimorphusTCA45 FR 52803; 8/8/1980Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
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Butterfly, bay checkerspotEuphydryas editha bayensisTCA52 FR 35366; 9/18/1987Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, callippe silverspotSpeyeria callippe callippeECA62 FR 64306; 12/5/1997Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, mission blueIcaricia icarioides missionensisECA41 FR 22041; 6/1/1976Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, Myrtle's silverspotSpeyeria zerene myrtleaeECA57 FR 27848; 6/22/1992Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Butterfly, San Bruno elfinCallophrys mossii bayensisECA41 FR 22041; 6/1/1976Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Frog, mountain yellow-leggedRana muscosaECA67 FR 44382; 4/29/2014Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Frog, Sierra Nevada yellow-leggedRana sierraeECA, NV79 FR 24255; 4/29/2014Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Salamander, California tigerAmbystoma californienseECA79 FR 24255; 7/22/2002Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Salamander, California tigerAmbystoma californienseTCA69 FR 47212; 8/4/2004Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Toad, YosemiteAnaxyrus canorusTCA79 FR 24255; 4/29/2014Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Spinedace, Big SpringLepidomeda mollispinis pratensisTNV50 FR 12298; 3/28/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Spinedace, White RiverLepidomeda albivallisENV50 FR 37194; 9/12/1985Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office.
Beetle, Mount Hermon JunePolyphylla barbataECA62 FR 3616; 1/24/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Grasshopper, Zayante band-wingedTrimerotropis infantilisECA62 FR 3616; 1/24/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Kangaroo rat, Morro BayDipodomys heermanni morroensisECA35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Stickleback, unarmored threespineGasterosteus aculeatus williamsoniECA35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Plants
Ambrosia, San DiegoAmbrosia pumilaECA, Mexico67 FR 44372; 7/2/2002Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Baccharis, EncinitasBaccharis vanessaeTCA61 FR 52370; 10/7/1996Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Barberry, Nevin'sBerberis neviniiECA63 FR 54956; 10/13/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Ceanothus, Vail LakeCeanothus ophiochilusTCA63 FR 54956; 10/13/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Checker-mallow, pedateSidalcea pedataECA49 FR 34497; 8/31/1984Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Crownscale, San Jacinto ValleyAtriplex coronata var. notatiorECA63 FR 54975; 10/13/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Liveforever, Laguna BeachDudleya stoloniferaTCA63 FR 54938; 10/13/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mountain-mahogany, Catalina IslandCercocarpus traskiaeECA62 FR 42692; 8/8/1997Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mustard, slender-petaledThelypodium stenopetalumECA49 FR 34497; 8/31/1984Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Paintbrush, ash-greyCastilleja cinereaTCA63 FR 49006; 9/14/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sandwort, Bear ValleyArenaria ursinaTCA63 FR 49006; 9/14/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Spineflower, Orcutt'sChorizanthe orcuttianaECA61 FR 52370; 10/7/1996Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Taraxacum, CaliforniaTaraxacum californicumECA63 FR 49006; 9/14/1998Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office.
Ceanothus, coyoteCeanothus ferrisaeECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Dudleya, Santa Clara ValleyDudleya setchelliiECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Dwarf-flax, MarinHesperolinon congestumTCA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Fiddleneck, large-floweredAmsinckia grandifloraECA50 FR 19374; 5/8/1985Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Jewelflower, Metcalf CanyonStreptanthus albidus ssp. albidusECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Jewelflower, TiburonStreptanthus nigerECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Mariposa lily, TiburonCalochortus tiburonensisTCA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Paintbrush, TiburonCastilleja affinis ssp. neglectaECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Pentachaeta, white-rayedPentachaeta bellidifloraECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Sunflower, San Mateo woollyEriophyllum latilobumECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
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Thistle, fountainCirsium fontinale var. fontinaleECA60 FR 6671; 2/3/1995Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Thornmint, San MateoAcanthomintha obovata ssp. duttoniiECA50 FR 37858; 9/18/1985Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office.
Evening-primrose, Antioch DunesOenothera deltoides ssp. howelliiECA43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife.
Wallflower, Contra CostaErysimum capitatum var. angustatumECA43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife.
Bush-mallow, Santa Cruz IslandMalacothamnus fasciculatus var. nesioticusECA62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Cypress, GowenCupressus goveniana ssp. govenianaTCA63 FR 43100; 8/12/1998Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Dudleya, Santa Monica MountainsDudleya cymosa ssp. ovatifoliaTCA62 FR 4172; 1/29/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Liveforever, Santa Barbara IslandDudleya traskiaeECA43 FR 17910; 4/26/1978Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Manzanita, Santa Rosa IslandArctostaphylos confertifloraECA62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Monkeyflower, VandenbergDiplacus vandenbergensisECA79 FR 50844; 8/26/2014Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Phacelia, islandPhacelia insularis ssp. insularisECA62 FR 40954; 7/31/1997Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Piperia, Yadon'sPiperia yadoniiECA63 FR 43100; 8/12/1998Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.
Yerba santa, LompocEriodictyon capitatumECA65 FR 14888; 3/20/2000Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

To get more information on a species, submit information on a species, or review information we receive, please use the contact information for the Lead Fish and Wildlife Office for the species specified in the table above.

Carlsbad Fish and Wildlife Office: Bradd Baskerville-Bridges, 760-431-9440 (phone); fw8cfwocomments@fws.gov (email); or 2177 Salk Avenue, Suite 250, Carlsbad, CA 92008 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Reno Fish and Wildlife Office: Shawna Theisen, 775-861-6378 (phone); shawna_theisen@fws.gov (email); or 1340 Financial Boulevard, Suite 234, Reno, NV 89502 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Sacramento Fish and Wildlife Office: Josh Hull, 916-414-6742 (phone); fw8sfwocomments@fws.gov (email); or 2800 Cottage Way, Suite W2605, Sacramento, CA 95825 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

San Francisco Bay-Delta Fish and Wildlife Office: Steven Detwiler, 916-930-2640 (phone); steven_detwiler@fws.gov (email); or 650 Capitol Mall, Sacramento, CA 95814 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Southern Nevada Fish and Wildlife Office: Glen Knowles, 702-515-5244 (phone); glen_knowles@fws.gov (email); or 4701 N Torrey Pines Dr., Las Vegas, NV 89130 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Ventura Fish and Wildlife Office: Cat Darst, 805-677-3318 (phone); cat_darst@fws.gov (email); or 2493 Portola Road, Suite B, Ventura CA 93003 (U.S. mail, hand-delivery, or in-person review of documents).

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Michael Fris,

Acting Deputy Regional Director, Pacific Southwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2020-01323 Filed 1-24-20; 8:45 am]

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