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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews for 129 Species in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Hawaii, Montana, California, and Nevada

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Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are initiating 5-year status reviews for 129 species in Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Hawaii, Montana, California, and Nevada under the Endangered Species Act of 1973. A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any new information on these species that has become available since the last reviews.

DATES:

To ensure consideration in our reviews, we are requesting submission of new information no later than May 11, 2020. However, we will continue to accept new information about any species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

Submitting Information on Species:

  • Gentner's fritillary:
  • U.S. mail: State Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 2600 SE 98th Ave., Suite 100, Portland, OR 97266; or
  • Email: fw1ofwo@fws.gov.
  • Bull trout, MacFarlane's four-o'clock, and slickspot peppergrass:
  • U.S. mail: Project Leader, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office, 1387 S Vinnell Way, Suite 368, Boise, ID 83709; or
  • Email: ifwo@fws.gov.
  • Any of the 125 species occurring in Hawaii:
  • U.S. mail: Field Supervisor, Attention: 5-Year Review, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 300 Ala Moana Blvd., Room 3-122, Honolulu, HI 96850; or
  • Email: pifwo_admin@fws.gov.
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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance. For information about the various species, contact the following people.Start Printed Page 14241

  • Gentner's fritillary: Jeff Dillon, Oregon Fish and Wildlife Office, 503-231-6179.
  • Bull trout, MacFarlane's four-o'clock, and slickspot peppergrass: Kathleen Hendricks, Idaho Fish and Wildlife Office, 208-378-5243.
  • Any of the 125 species occurring in Hawaii: Megan Laut, Pacific Islands Fish and Wildlife Office, 808-792-9400.
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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct 5-year status reviews?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (Act; 16 U.S.C. 1531, et seq.), we maintain lists of endangered and threatened wildlife and plant species (referred to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for wildlife) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2) of the Act requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. For additional information about 5-year status reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year status review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status reviews, such as:

A. Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

B. Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

C. Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

D. Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the Act); and

E. Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year status review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for these species.

Which species are under review?

This notice announces our active review of the 129 species listed in the table below.

Common nameScientific nameStatusKnown range of species occurrenceFinal listing rule and publication date
ANIMALS
Birds:
Millerbird, NihoaAcrocephalus familiaris kingiEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Duck, LaysanAnas laysanensisEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
AkekeeLoxops caeruleirostrisEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AkikikiOreomystis bairdiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
Petrel, HawaiianPterodroma sandwichensisEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Finch, LaysanTelespyza cantansEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Finch, NihoaTelespyza ultimaEndangeredHawaii32 FR 4001, 3/11/1967.
Fishes:
Trout, bull (coterminous U.S. distinct population segment)Salvelinus confluentusThreatenedWashington, Oregon, Idaho, Nevada, Montana64 FR 58910, 11/01/1999.
Snails:
Snail, Newcomb'sErinna newcombiThreatenedHawaii65 FR 4162, 1/26/2000.
Arachnids:
Spider, Kauai cave wolf or pee pee maka oleAdelocosa anopsEndangeredHawaii65 FR 2348, 1/14/2000.
Crustaceans:
Amphipod, Kauai caveSpelaeorchestia koloanaEndangeredHawaii65 FR 2348, 1/14/2000.
Insects:
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila musaphiliaEndangeredHawaii71 FR 26835, 5/9/2006.
Fly, Hawaiian picture-wingDrosophila sharpiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
PLANTS
Flowering Plants:
No common nameAmaranthus browniiEndangeredHawaii61 FR 43178, 8/21/1996.
PainiuAstelia waialealaeEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
OluluBrighamia insignisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
AwikiwikiCanavalia napaliensisEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
PapalaCharpentiera densifloraEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
HahaCyanea asarifoliaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
HahaCyanea dolichopodaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
HahaCyanea eleeleensisEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
HahaCyanea kolekoleensisEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
HahaCyanea kuhihewaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
HahaCyanea rectaThreatenedHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
HahaCyanea remyiEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
HahaCyanea rivularisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
No common nameCyanea undulataEndangeredHawaii56 FR 47695, 9/20/1991.
MapeleCyrtandra cyaneoidesEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
HaiwaleCyrtandra limahuliensisThreatenedHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
HaiwaleCyrtandra oenobarbaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
HaiwaleCyrtandra palikuEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameDelissea rhytidospermaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
NaenaeDubautia imbricata ssp. imbricataEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
NaenaeDubautia kalalauensisEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
NaenaeDubautia kenwoodiiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
KoholapehuDubautia latifoliaEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20580, 5/13/1992.
NaenaeDubautia pauciflorulaEndangeredHawaii56 FR 47695, 9/20/1991.
NaenaeDubautia plantaginea ssp. magnifoliaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
NaenaeDubautia waialealaeEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AkokoEuphorbia eleanoriaeEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
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AkokoEuphorbia haeleeleanaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
AkokoEuphorbia halemanuiEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20850, 5/13/1992.
AkokoEuphorbia remyi var. kauaiensisEndangeredHawaii76 FR 15609, 5/5/2011.
AkokoEuphorbia remyi var. remyiEndangeredHawaii76 FR 15609, 5/5/2011.
HeauExocarpos luteolusEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
Fritillary, Gentner'sFritillaria gentneriEndangeredOregon, California64 FR 69195, 12/10/1999.
NohoanuGeranium kauaienseEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameGouania meyeniiEndangeredHawaii56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
No common nameHesperomannia lydgateiEndangeredHawaii56 FR 47695, 9/20/1991.
Kauai hau kuahiwiHibiscadelphus distansEndangeredHawaii51 FR 15903, 4/29/1986.
Hau kuahiwiHibiscadelphus woodiiEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
Hibiscus, Clay'sHibiscus clayiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
Kokio keokeoHibiscus waimeae ssp. hanneraeEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
AupakaIsodendrion laurifoliumEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
No common nameKadua st.-johniiEndangeredHawaii56 FR 49639, 9/30/1991.
No common nameKeysseria ericiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameKeysseria helenaeEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
Koki'oKokia kauaiensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
KamakahalaLabordia helleriEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
KamakahalaLabordia lydgateiEndangeredHawaii56 FR 47695, 9/20/1991.
KamakahalaLabordia pumilaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
KamakahalaLabordia tinifolia var. wahiawaensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
Peppergrass, SlickspotLepidium papilliferumThreatenedIdaho81 FR 55058, 8/17/2016.
NeheLipochaeta faurieiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
NeheLipochaeta micranthaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
NeheLipochaeta waimeaensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common nameLobelia niihauensisEndangeredHawaii56 FR 55770, 10/29/1991.
Lehua makanoeLysimachia daphnoidesEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameLysimachia filifoliaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common nameLysimachia inikiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameLysimachia pendensEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameLysimachia scopulensisEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameLysimachia venosaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AlaniMelicope degeneriEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AlaniMelicope haupuensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
AlaniMelicope pallidaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
AlaniMelicope paniculataEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AlaniMelicope puberulaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AlaniMelicope quadrangularisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
Four-o'clock, MacFarlane'sMirabilis macfarlaneiThreatenedOregon, Idaho44 FR 61912, 10/26/1979.
KoleaMyrsine knudseniiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
KoleaMyrsine linearifoliaThreatenedHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
KoleaMyrsine meziiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
AieaNothocestrum peltatumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
Lau ehuPanicum niihauenseEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
No common namePhyllostegia knudseniiEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
No common namePhyllostegia renovansEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common namePhyllostegia waimeaeEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common namePhyllostegia wawranaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
HoawaPittosporum napalienseEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
Pilo kea lau liiPlatydesma rostrataEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
Bluegrass, Mann'sPoa manniiEndangeredHawaii59 FR 56330, 11/10/1994.
Bluegrass, HawaiianPoa sandvicensisEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20580, 5/13/1992.
No common namePoa siphonoglossaEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20580, 5/13/1992.
No common namePolyscias bisattenuataEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common namePolyscias flynniiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common namePolyscias racemosaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
LouluPritchardia hardyiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
LouluPritchardia napaliensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
LouluPritchardia remotaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 43178, 8/21/1996.
LouluPritchardia viscosaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
KopikoPsychotria grandifloraEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
KopikoPsychotria hobdyiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
KauluPteralyxia kauaiensisEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common nameRemya kauaiensisEndangeredHawaii56 FR 1450, 1/14/1991.
No common nameRemya montgomeryiEndangeredHawaii56 FR 1450, 1/14/1991.
MaolioliSchiedea apokremnosEndangeredHawaii56 FR 49639, 9/30/1991.
No common nameSchiedea attenuataEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameSchiedea helleriEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
No common nameSchiedea kauaiensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53108, 10/10/1996.
KuawawaenohuSchiedea lychnoidesEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
No common nameSchiedea membranaceaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
No common nameSchiedea spergulina var. leiopodaEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common nameSchiedea spergulina var. spergulinaThreatenedHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
LaulihilihiSchiedea stellarioidesEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
No common nameSchiedea verticillataEndangeredHawaii61 FR 43178, 8/21/1996.
No common nameSchiedea viscosaEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
Aiakeakua, popoloSolanum sandwicenseEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common nameStenogyne campanulataEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20580, 5/13/1992.
No common nameStenogyne kealiaeEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameViola helenaeEndangeredHawaii56 FR 47695, 9/20/1991.
Nani waialealeViola kauaiensis var. wahiawaensisEndangeredHawaii61 FR 53070, 10/10/1996.
Iliau, dwarfWilkesia hobdyiEndangeredHawaii57 FR 27859, 6/22/1992.
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No common nameXylosma crenatumEndangeredHawaii57 FR 20580, 5/13/1992.
Ferns:
No common nameAsplenium dielmanniiEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
No common nameAsplenium dielpallidumEndangeredHawaii59 FR 9304, 2/25/1994.
No common nameDoryopteris angelicaEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
Aumakua, PalapalaiDryopteris crinalis var. podosorusEndangeredHawaii75 FR 18960, 4/13/2010.
WawaeioleHuperzia nutansEndangeredHawaii59 FR 14482, 3/28/1994.

Request for New Information

To ensure that a 5-year status review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

If you wish to provide information for any species listed in the table, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in ADDRESSES.

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices to which the comments are submitted.

Completed and Active Reviews

A list of all completed and currently active 5-year status reviews addressing species for which our Regional Office has lead responsibility is available at http://www.fws.gov/​pacific/​ecoservices/​endangered/​recovery/​5year.html.

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531, et seq.).

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Mary M. Abrams,

Acting Regional Director, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2020-04942 Filed 3-10-20; 8:45 am]

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