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Notice

Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of 10 Species in Arizona, Arkansas, Kansas, Missouri, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas, and Mexico

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AGENCY:

Fish and Wildlife Service, Interior.

ACTION:

Notice of initiation of reviews; request for information.

SUMMARY:

We, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, are conducting 5-year status reviews under the Endangered Species Act of 10 animal and plant species. A 5-year status review is based on the best scientific and commercial data available at the time of the review; therefore, we are requesting submission of any such information that has become available since the last review for the species.

DATES:

To ensure consideration, we are requesting submission of new information no later than April 20, 2020. However, we will continue to accept new information about any listed species at any time.

ADDRESSES:

For how to submit information, see Request for Information and How Do I Ask Questions or Provide Information? in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section.

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FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

For information on a particular species, contact the appropriate person or office listed in the table in the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

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SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Why do we conduct a 5-year review?

Under the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (ESA; 16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.), we maintain Lists of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants (which we collectively refer to as the List) in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) at 50 CFR 17.11 (for animals) and 17.12 (for plants). Section 4(c)(2)(A) of the ESA requires us to review each listed species' status at least once every 5 years. Our regulations at 50 CFR 424.21 require that we publish a notice in the Federal Register announcing those species under active review. For additional information about 5-year reviews, refer to our factsheet at http://www.fws.gov/​endangered/​what-we-do/​recovery-overview.html.

What information do we consider in our review?

A 5-year review considers all new information available at the time of the review. In conducting these reviews, we consider the best scientific and commercial data that have become available since the listing determination or most recent status review, such as:

(A) Species biology, including but not limited to population trends, distribution, abundance, demographics, and genetics;

(B) Habitat conditions, including but not limited to amount, distribution, and suitability;

(C) Conservation measures that have been implemented that benefit the species;

(D) Threat status and trends in relation to the five listing factors (as defined in section 4(a)(1) of the ESA); and

(E) Other new information, data, or corrections, including but not limited to taxonomic or nomenclatural changes, identification of erroneous information contained in the List, and improved analytical methods.

Any new information will be considered during the 5-year review and will also be useful in evaluating the ongoing recovery programs for the species.

Which species are under review?

The species in the following table are under active 5-year status review.

Common nameScientific nameListing statusCurrent rangeFinal listing rule (Federal Register citation and publication date)Contact person, phone, emailContact person's U.S. mail address
ANIMALS
Fountain darter Jollyville Plateau salamander Robber Baron Cave meshweaverEtheostoma fonticola Eurycea tonkawae Cicurina baroniaEndangered Threatened EndangeredTexas (USA) Texas (USA) Texas (USA)35 FR 16047; 10/13/1970 78 FR 51277; 8/20/2013. 65 FR 81419; 12/26/2000Adam Zerrenner, 512-490-0057 (office phone), 512-577-6594 (direct line), or Adam_Zerrenner@fws.gov (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Austin Ecological Services Field Office, 10711 Burnet Road, Suite 200, Austin, TX 78758.
Texas blind salamanderTyphlomolge rathbuniEndangeredTexas (USA)32 FR 4001; 3/11/1967.
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Arkansas River shiner Ozark big-eared batNotropis girardi Corynorhinus (=Plecotus) townsendii ingensThreatened EndangeredArkansas, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas (USA) Arkansas, Missouri, and Oklahoma (USA)63 FR 64772; 11/23/1998 44 FR 69206; 11/30/1979.Jonna Polk, 918-382-4523 x224 (office phone), or Jonna_Polk@fws.gov (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Oklahoma Ecological Services Field Office, 9014 East 21st Street, Tulsa, OK 74129.
PLANTS
Davis' green pitaya Hinckley oak Nellie cory cactusEchinocereus viridiflorus var. davisii Quercus hinckleyi Coryphantha minimaEndangered Threatened EndangeredTexas (USA) Texas (USA) Texas (USA)44 FR 64738; 11/7/1979 53 FR 32824; 08/26/1988 44 FR 64738; 11/7/1979Adam Zerrenner, 512-490-0057 (office phone), 512-577-6594 (direct line), or Adam_Zerrenner@fws.gov (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Austin Ecological Services Field Office, 10711 Burnet Road, Suite 200, Austin, TX 78758.
Cochise pincushion cactusCoryphantha robbinsorumThreatenedArizona (USA) and Mexico51 FR 952; 1/9/1986Jeff Humphrey, 602-242-0210 (phone) or Jeff_Humphrey@fws.gov (email)U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Arizona Ecological Services Office, 9828 North 31st Avenue, #C3, Phoenix, AZ 85051-2517.

Request for Information

To ensure that a 5-year review is complete and based on the best available scientific and commercial information, we request new information from all sources. See What Information Do We Consider in Our Review? for specific criteria. If you submit information, please support it with documentation such as maps, bibliographic references, methods used to gather and analyze the data, and/or copies of any pertinent publications, reports, or letters by knowledgeable sources.

How do I ask questions or provide information?

If you wish to provide information for any species listed above, please submit your comments and materials to the appropriate contact in the table above. You may also direct questions to those contacts. Individuals who are hearing impaired or speech impaired may call the Federal Relay Service at 800-877-8339 for TTY assistance.

Public Availability of Comments

Before including your address, phone number, email address, or other personal identifying information in your comment, you should be aware that your entire comment—including your personal identifying information—may be made publicly available at any time. While you can ask us in your comment to withhold your personal identifying information from public review, we cannot guarantee that we will be able to do so.

Comments and materials received will be available for public inspection, by appointment, during normal business hours at the offices where the comments are submitted.

Completed and Active Reviews

A list of all completed and currently active 5-year reviews addressing species for which lead responsibility falls under Service offices located in Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas can be found at http://www.fws.gov/​southwest/​es/​ElectronicLibrary_​Main.cfm (go to “Select a Document Category” and select “5-Year Review”).

Authority

This document is published under the authority of the Endangered Species Act of 1973, as amended (16 U.S.C. 1531 et seq.).

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Dated: January 8, 2020.

Amy Luders,

Regional Director, Southwest Region, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

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[FR Doc. 2020-05753 Filed 3-18-20; 8:45 am]

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