June 17, 2020.
On April 16, 2020, the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc. (“FINRA”) and MEMX LLC (“MEMX”) (together with FINRA, the “Parties”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (“Commission” or “SEC”) a plan for the allocation of regulatory responsibilities, dated July 11, 2019 (“17d-2 Plan” or the “Plan”). The Plan was published for comment on May 27, 2020.
The Commission received no comments on the Plan. This order approves and declares effective the Plan.
Section 19(g)(1) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (“Act”),
among other things, requires every self-regulatory organization (“SRO”) registered as either a national securities exchange or national securities association to examine for, and enforce compliance by, its members and persons associated with its members with the Act, the rules and regulations thereunder, and the SRO's own rules, unless the SRO is relieved of this responsibility pursuant to Section 17(d) or Section 19(g)(2) of the Act.
Without this relief, the statutory obligation of each individual SRO could result in a pattern of multiple examinations of broker-dealers that maintain memberships in more than one SRO (“common members”). Such regulatory duplication would add unnecessary expenses for common members and their SROs.
Section 17(d)(1) of the Act 
was intended, in part, to eliminate unnecessary multiple examinations and regulatory duplication.
With respect to a common member, Section 17(d)(1) authorizes the Commission, by rule or Start Printed Page 37702order, to relieve an SRO of the responsibility to receive regulatory reports, to examine for and enforce compliance with applicable statutes, rules, and regulations, or to perform other specified regulatory functions.
To implement Section 17(d)(1), the Commission adopted two rules: Rule 17d-1 and Rule 17d-2 under the Act.
Rule 17d-1 authorizes the Commission to name a single SRO as the designated examining authority (“DEA”) to examine common members for compliance with the financial responsibility requirements imposed by the Act, or by Commission or SRO rules.
When an SRO has been named as a common member's DEA, all other SROs to which the common member belongs are relieved of the responsibility to examine the firm for compliance with the applicable financial responsibility rules. On its face, Rule 17d-1 deals only with an SRO's obligations to enforce member compliance with financial responsibility requirements. Rule 17d-1 does not relieve an SRO from its obligation to examine a common member for compliance with its own rules and provisions of the federal securities laws governing matters other than financial responsibility, including sales practices and trading activities and practices.
To address regulatory duplication in these and other areas, the Commission adopted Rule 17d-2 under the Act.
Rule 17d-2 permits SROs to propose joint plans for the allocation of regulatory responsibilities with respect to their common members. Under paragraph (c) of Rule 17d-2, the Commission may declare such a plan effective if, after providing for appropriate notice and comment, it determines that the plan is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and for the protection of investors; to foster cooperation and coordination among the SROs; to remove impediments to, and foster the development of, a national market system and a national clearance and settlement system; and is in conformity with the factors set forth in Section 17(d) of the Act. Commission approval of a plan filed pursuant to Rule 17d-2 relieves an SRO of those regulatory responsibilities allocated by the plan to another SRO.
II. Proposed Plan
The proposed 17d-2 Plan is intended to reduce regulatory duplication for firms that are common members of both MEMX and FINRA.
Pursuant to the proposed 17d-2 Plan, FINRA would assume certain examination and enforcement responsibilities for common members with respect to certain applicable laws, rules, and regulations.
The text of the Plan delineates the proposed regulatory responsibilities with respect to the Parties. Included in the proposed Plan is an exhibit (the “MEMX Certification of Common Rules,” referred to herein as the “Certification”) that lists every MEMX rule, and select federal securities laws, rules, and regulations, for which FINRA would bear responsibility under the Plan for overseeing and enforcing with respect to MEMX members that are also members of FINRA and the associated persons therewith (“Dual Members”).
Specifically, under the 17d-2 Plan, FINRA would assume examination and enforcement responsibility relating to compliance by Dual Members with the rules of MEMX that are substantially similar to the applicable rules of FINRA,
as well as any provisions of the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder delineated in the Certification (“Common Rules”). In the event that a Dual Member is the subject of an investigation relating to a transaction on MEMX, the plan acknowledges that MEMX may, in its discretion, exercise concurrent jurisdiction and responsibility for such matter.
Under the Plan, MEMX would retain full responsibility for surveillance, examination, investigation and enforcement with respect to trading activities or practices involving MEMX's own marketplace, including, without limitation, registration pursuant to its applicable rules of associated persons (i.e., registration rules that are not Common Rules); its duties as a DEA pursuant to Rule 17d-1 under the Act; and any MEMX rules that are not Common Rules.
The Commission finds that the proposed Plan is consistent with the factors set forth in Section 17(d) of the Act 
and Rule 17d-2(c) thereunder 
in that the proposed Plan is necessary or appropriate in the public interest and for the protection of investors, fosters cooperation and coordination among SROs, and removes impediments to and fosters the development of the national market system. In particular, the Commission believes that the proposed Plan should reduce unnecessary regulatory duplication by allocating to FINRA certain examination and enforcement responsibilities for common members that would otherwise be performed by MEMX and FINRA. Accordingly, the proposed Plan promotes efficiency by reducing costs to common members. Furthermore, because MEMX and FINRA will coordinate their regulatory functions in accordance with the Plan, the Plan should promote investor protection.
The Commission notes that, under the Plan, MEMX and FINRA have allocated regulatory responsibility for those MEMX rules, set forth in the Certification, that are substantially similar to the applicable FINRA rules in that examination for compliance with such provisions and rules would not require FINRA to develop one or more new examination standards, modules, procedures, or criteria in order to analyze the application of the rule, or a common member's activity, conduct, or output in relation to such rule. In addition, under the Plan, FINRA would assume regulatory responsibility for certain provisions of the federal securities laws and the rules and regulations thereunder that are set forth in the Certification. The Common Rules covered by the Plan are specifically listed in the Certification, as may be amended by the Parties from time to time.
According to the Plan, MEMX will review the Certification, at least annually, or more frequently if required by changes in either the rules of MEMX or FINRA, and, if necessary, submit to FINRA an updated list of Common Rules to add MEMX rules not included on the then-current list of Common Rules that are substantially similar to FINRA rules; delete MEMX rules included in the then-current list of Common Rules that are no longer Start Printed Page 37703substantially similar to FINRA rules; and confirm that the remaining rules on the list of Common Rules continue to be MEMX rules that are substantially similar to FINRA rules.
FINRA will then confirm in writing whether the rules listed in any updated list are Common Rules as defined in the Plan. Under the Plan, MEMX will also provide FINRA with a current list of common members and shall update the list no less frequently than once each quarter.
The Commission believes that these provisions are designed to provide for continuing communication between the Parties to ensure the continued accuracy of the scope of the proposed allocation of regulatory responsibility.
The Commission is hereby declaring effective a Plan that, among other things, allocates regulatory responsibility to FINRA for the oversight and enforcement of all MEMX rules that are substantially similar to the rules of FINRA for common members of MEMX and FINRA. Therefore, modifications to the Certification need not be filed with the Commission as an amendment to the Plan, provided that the Parties are only adding to, deleting from, or confirming changes to MEMX rules in the Certification in conformance with the definition of Common Rules provided in the Plan. However, should the Parties decide to add an MEMX rule to the Certification that is not substantially similar to a FINRA rule; delete an MEMX rule from the Certification that is substantially similar to a FINRA rule; or leave on the Certification an MEMX rule that is no longer substantially similar to a FINRA rule, then such a change would constitute an amendment to the Plan, which must be filed with the Commission pursuant to Rule 17d-2 under the Act.
This Order gives effect to the Plan filed with the Commission in File No. 4-762. The Parties shall notify all members affected by the Plan of their rights and obligations under the Plan.
It is therefore ordered, pursuant to Section 17(d) of the Act, that the Plan in File No. 4-762, between FINRA and MEMX, filed pursuant to Rule 17d-2 under the Act, is approved and declared effective.
It is further ordered that MEMX is relieved of those responsibilities allocated to FINRA under the Plan in File No. 4-762.
For the Commission, by the Division of Trading and Markets, pursuant to delegated authority.
J. Matthew DeLesDernier,
[FR Doc. 2020-13433 Filed 6-22-20; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 8011-01-P