Skip to Content

We invite you to try out our new beta eCFR site at https://ecfr.federalregister.gov. We’ve made big changes to make the eCFR easier to use. Be sure to leave feedback using the 'Feedback' button on the bottom right of each page!

Notice

Energy Conservation Program: Notice of Petition for Waiver of Heat Transfer Products Group From the Department of Energy Walk-In Coolers and Walk-In Freezers Test Procedure and Notice of Grant of Interim Waiver

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department of Energy.

ACTION:

Notification of petition for waiver and grant of an interim waiver; request for comments.

SUMMARY:

This document announces receipt of and publishes a petition for waiver and interim waiver from Heat Transfer Products Group (“HTPG”), which seeks a waiver for specified carbon dioxide (“CO2”) direct expansion unit cooler basic models from the U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE”) test procedure used to determine the efficiency of walk-in cooler and walk-in freezer refrigeration systems. DOE also gives notice of an Interim Waiver Order that requires HTPG to test and rate the specified CO2 direct expansion unit cooler basic models in accordance with the alternate test procedure set forth in the Interim Waiver Order. DOE solicits comments, data, and information concerning HTPG's petition and its suggested alternate test procedure so as to inform DOE's final decision on HTPG's waiver request.

DATES:

The Interim Waiver Order is effective on December 23, 2020. Written comments and information will be accepted on or before January 22, 2021.

ADDRESSES:

Interested persons are encouraged to submit comments using the Federal eRulemaking Portal at http://www.regulations.gov. Alternatively, interested persons may submit comments, identified by case number “2020-009”, and Docket number “EERE-2020-BT-WAV-0025,” by any of the following methods:

  • Federal eRulemaking Portal: http://www.regulations.gov. Follow the instructions for submitting comments.
  • Email: HTPG2020WAV0025@ee.doe.gov. Include Case No. 2020-009 in the subject line of the message.
  • Postal Mail: Appliance and Equipment Standards Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Office, Mail Stop EE-5B, Petition for Waiver Case No. 2020-009, 1000 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20585-0121. If possible, please submit all items on a compact disc (“CD”), in which case it is not necessary to include printed copies.
  • Hand Delivery/Courier: Appliance and Equipment Standards Program, U.S. Department of Energy, Building Technologies Office, 950 L'Enfant Plaza SW, 6th floor, Washington, DC 20024. Telephone: (202) 287-1445. If possible, please submit all items on a CD, in which case it is not necessary to include printed copies.

No telefacsimilies (“faxes”) will be accepted. For detailed instructions on submitting comments and additional information on this process, see the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section of this document.

Docket: The docket, which includes Federal Register notices, comments, and other supporting documents/materials, is available for review at http://www.regulations.gov. All documents in the docket are listed in the http://www.regulations.gov index. However, some documents listed in the index, such as those containing information that is exempt from public disclosure, may not be publicly available.

The docket web page can be found at http://www.regulations.gov/​docket?​D=​EERE-2020-BT-WAV-0025. The docket web page contains instruction on how to access all documents, including public comments, in the docket. See the SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION section for information on how to submit comments through http://www.regulations.gov.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Ms. Lucy deButts, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Building Technologies Office, Mail Stop EE-5B, 1000 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20585-0121. Email: AS_Waiver_Request@ee.doe.gov.

Michael Kido, U.S. Department of Energy, Office of the General Counsel, Mail Stop GC-33, Forrestal Building, 1000 Independence Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20585-0103. Telephone: (202) 586-8145. Email: Michael.Kido@hq.doe.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

DOE is publishing HTPG's petition for waiver in its entirety, pursuant to 10 CFR 431.401(b)(1)(iv).[1] DOE invites all interested parties to submit in writing by January 22, 2021, comments and information on all aspects of the petition, including the alternate test procedure. Pursuant to 10 CFR 431.401(d), any person submitting written comments to DOE must also send a copy of such comments to the petitioner. The contact information for the petitioner is Michael Straub, mike.straub@htpg.com, 201 Thomas French Dr., Scottsboro, AL 35769-7405.

Submitting comments via http://www.regulations.gov. The http://www.regulations.gov web page will require you to provide your name and contact information. Your contact information will be viewable to DOE Building Technologies staff only. Your contact information will not be publicly viewable except for your first and last names, organization name (if any), and submitter representative name (if any). If your comment is not processed properly because of technical difficulties, DOE will use this information to contact you. If DOE cannot read your comment due to technical difficulties and cannot contact you for clarification, DOE may not be able to consider your comment.

However, your contact information will be publicly viewable if you include it in the comment or in any documents attached to your comment. Any information that you do not want to be publicly viewable should not be included in your comment, nor in any document attached to your comment. If this instruction is followed, persons viewing comments will see only first and last names, organization names, correspondence containing comments, and any documents submitted with the comments.

Do not submit to http://www.regulations.gov information for which disclosure is restricted by statute, such as trade secrets and commercial or financial information (hereinafter referred to as Confidential Business Information (“CBI”)). Comments submitted through http://www.regulations.gov cannot be claimed as CBI. Comments received through the website will waive any CBI claims for the information submitted. For information on submitting CBI, see the Confidential Business Information section.

DOE processes submissions made through http://www.regulations.gov before posting. Normally, comments Start Printed Page 83928will be posted within a few days of being submitted. However, if large volumes of comments are being processed simultaneously, your comment may not be viewable for up to several weeks. Please keep the comment tracking number that http://www.regulations.gov provides after you have successfully uploaded your comment.

Submitting comments via email, hand delivery/courier, or postal mail. Comments and documents submitted via email, hand delivery/courier, or postal mail also will be posted to http://www.regulations.gov. If you do not want your personal contact information to be publicly viewable, do not include it in your comment or any accompanying documents. Instead, provide your contact information on a cover letter. Include your first and last names, email address, telephone number, and optional mailing address. The cover letter will not be publicly viewable as long as it does not include any comments.

Include contact information each time you submit comments, data, documents, and other information to DOE. If you submit via postal mail or hand delivery/courier, please provide all items on a CD, if feasible, in which case it is not necessary to submit printed copies. Faxes will not be accepted.

Comments, data, and other information submitted to DOE electronically should be provided in PDF (preferred), Microsoft Word or Excel, WordPerfect, or text (ASCII) file format. Provide documents that are not secured, written in English and free of any defects or viruses. Documents should not contain special characters or any form of encryption and, if possible, they should carry the electronic signature of the author.

Campaign form letters. Please submit campaign form letters by the originating organization in batches of between 50 to 500 form letters per PDF or as one form letter with a list of supporters' names compiled into one or more PDFs. This reduces comment processing and posting time.

Confidential Business Information. According to 10 CFR 1004.11, any person submitting information that he or she believes to be confidential and exempt by law from public disclosure should submit via email, postal mail, or hand delivery/courier two well-marked copies: One copy of the document marked confidential including all the information believed to be confidential, and one copy of the document marked “non-confidential” with the information believed to be confidential deleted. Submit these documents via email or on a CD, if feasible. DOE will make its own determination about the confidential status of the information and treat it according to its determination.

It is DOE's policy that all comments may be included in the public docket, without change and as received, including any personal information provided in the comments (except information deemed to be exempt from public disclosure).

Signing Authority

This document of the Department of Energy was signed on November 24, 2020, by Alexander N. Fitzsimmons, Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, pursuant to delegated authority from the Secretary of Energy. That document with the original signature and date is maintained by DOE. For administrative purposes only, and in compliance with requirements of the Office of the Federal Register, the undersigned DOE Federal Register Liaison Officer has been authorized to sign and submit the document in electronic format for publication, as an official document of the Department of Energy. This administrative process in no way alters the legal effect of this document upon publication in the Federal Register.

Start Signature

Signed in Washington, DC, on November 24, 2020.

Treena V. Garrett,

Federal Register Liaison Officer, U.S. Department of Energy.

End Signature

Case Number 2020-009

Interim Waiver Order

I. Background and Authority

The Energy Policy and Conservation Act, as amended (“EPCA”),[1] authorizes the U.S. Department of Energy (“DOE”) to regulate the energy efficiency of a number of consumer products and certain industrial equipment (42 U.S.C. 6291-6317). Title III, Part C [2] of EPCA (42 U.S.C. 6311-6316, as codified), added by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act, Public Law 95-619, sec. 441 (Nov. 9, 1978), established the Energy Conservation Program for Certain Industrial Equipment, which sets forth a variety of provisions designed to improve the energy efficiency for certain types of industrial equipment. Through amendments brought about by the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, Public Law 110-140, sec. 312 (Dec. 19, 2007), this equipment includes walk-in cooler and walk-in freezer (collectively, “walk-in”) refrigeration systems, the focus of this document (42 U.S.C. 6311(1)(G)).

The energy conservation program under EPCA consists essentially of four parts: (1) Testing, (2) labeling, (3) Federal energy conservation standards, and (4) certification and enforcement procedures. Relevant provisions of EPCA include definitions (42 U.S.C. 6311), energy conservation standards (42 U.S.C. 6313), test procedures (42 U.S.C. 6314), labeling provisions (42 U.S.C. 6315), and the authority to require information and reports from manufacturers (42 U.S.C. 6316).

The Federal testing requirements consist of test procedures that manufacturers of covered equipment must use as the basis for: (1) Certifying to DOE that their equipment complies with the applicable energy conservation standards adopted pursuant to EPCA (42 U.S.C. 6316(a); 42 U.S.C. 6295(s)), and (2) making representations about the efficiency of that equipment (42 U.S.C. 6314(d)). Similarly, DOE must use these test procedures to determine whether the covered equipment complies with relevant standards promulgated under EPCA. (42 U.S.C. 6316(a); 42 U.S.C. 6295(s))

Under 42 U.S.C. 6314, EPCA sets forth the criteria and procedures DOE is required to follow when prescribing or amending test procedures for covered equipment. EPCA requires that any test procedures prescribed or amended under this section must be reasonably designed to produce test results which reflect the energy efficiency, energy use or estimated annual operating cost of covered equipment during a representative average use cycle and requires that test procedures not be unduly burdensome to conduct (42 U.S.C. 6314(a)(2)). The test procedure for walk-in refrigeration systems is contained in the Code of Federal Regulations (“CFR”) at 10 CFR part 431, subpart R, appendix C, Uniform Test Method for the Measurement of Net Capacity and AWEF of Walk-In Cooler and Walk-In Freezer Refrigeration Systems (“Appendix C”).

Under 10 CFR 431.401, any interested person may submit a petition for waiver from DOE's test procedure requirements. DOE will grant a waiver from the test procedure requirements if DOE determines either that the basic model for which the waiver was requested contains a design characteristic that prevents testing of the basic model according to the prescribed test procedures, or that the prescribed Start Printed Page 83929test procedures evaluate the basic model in a manner so unrepresentative of its true energy consumption characteristics as to provide materially inaccurate comparative data. 10 CFR 431.401(f)(2). A petitioner must include in its petition any alternate test procedures known to the petitioner to evaluate the performance of the equipment type in a manner representative of the energy consumption characteristics of the basic model. 10 CFR 431.401(b)(1)(iii). DOE may grant the waiver subject to conditions, including adherence to alternate test procedures specified by DOE. 10 CFR 431.401(f)(2).

As soon as practicable after the granting of any waiver, DOE will publish in the Federal Register a notice of proposed rulemaking to amend its regulations so as to eliminate any need for the continuation of such waiver. 10 CFR 431.401(l). As soon thereafter as practicable, DOE will publish in the Federal Register a final rule to that effect. Id.

The waiver process also provides that DOE may grant an interim waiver if it appears likely that the underlying petition for waiver will be granted and/or if DOE determines that it would be desirable for public policy reasons to grant immediate relief pending a determination on the underlying petition for waiver. 10 CFR 431.401(e)(2). Within one year of issuance of an interim waiver, DOE will either: (i) Publish in the Federal Register a determination on the petition for waiver; or (ii) publish in the Federal Register a new or amended test procedure that addresses the issues presented in the waiver. 10 CFR 431.401(h)(1).

When DOE amends the test procedure to address the issues presented in a waiver, the waiver will automatically terminate on the date on which use of that test procedure is required to demonstrate compliance. 10 CFR 431.401(h)(2).

II. HTPG's Petition for Waiver and Interim Waiver

On July 6, 2020, HTPG filed a petition for waiver and interim waiver from the test procedure for walk-in refrigeration systems set forth at 10 CFR part 431, subpart R, appendix C (HTPG, No. 1 at p. 1 [3] ). HTPG claims that the test conditions described in Table 15 and Table 16 of the Air-Conditioning, Heating, and Refrigeration Institute (“AHRI”) Standard 1250-2009, Standard for Performance Rating of Walk-In Coolers and Freezers (“AHRI 1250-2009”) (for walk-in refrigerator unit coolers and freezer unit coolers tested alone, respectively), as incorporated by Appendix C with modification, cannot be achieved by the specified basic models and are not consistent with operation of HTPG's CO2 direct expansion unit coolers . HTPG stated that CO2 has a critical temperature of 87.8 °F,[4] and thus the required liquid inlet saturation temperature of 105 °F and the required liquid inlet subcooling temperature of 9 °F are not achievable, and that the test conditions should be more consistent with typical operating conditions for a transcritical CO2 booster system (HTPG, No. 1).

The statements made by HTPG reference the difference in thermodynamic properties between CO2 and other refrigerants. At modest pressures (i.e. below the critical point), many substances transition from a solid to a liquid to a gas as temperature increases. For example, a pure substance like water transitions from liquid to steam at a specific temperature, e.g. 212 °F, at atmospheric pressure. As heat is added during a liquid to gas transition, the temperature remains constant and the substance coexists as both liquid and vapor. Continuing to add heat converts more of the liquid to vapor at a constant temperature. The reverse occurs when heat is removed. However, the transition temperature depends on the pressure—the higher the pressure, the higher the transition temperature. This is a key principle in refrigeration systems, which operate at two pressure levels associated with two temperatures. A refrigerant absorbs heat when it is at a low temperature and pressure, converting to gas and cooling the surrounding space. At high temperature and pressure, the refrigerant transitions to a liquid while releasing heat to the environment. A compressor is used to raise the low-pressure gas to a high pressure, and a throttle (pressure reduction device) is used to reduce the pressure once the refrigerant has been fully liquefied (condensed) at high pressure.

All refrigerants have a “critical pressure” and an associated “critical temperature” above which liquid and vapor phases cannot coexist. Above this critical point, the refrigerant will be a gas and its temperature will increase or decrease as heat is added or removed. For all conventional refrigerants, the critical pressure is so high that it is never exceeded in typical refrigeration cycles. For example, R404A is a common refrigerant used in refrigeration systems that has a critical pressure of 540.8 psia [5] with an associated critical temperature of 161.7 °F. However, CO2 behaves differently, with a critical pressure of 1,072 psia associated with a much lower critical temperature of 87.8 °F. The refrigerant temperature must be somewhat higher than the ambient temperature in order to reject refrigeration cycle heat to the ambient environment. Ambient temperatures greater than 87.8 °F are common and the performance of many refrigeration and air conditioning systems are tested using a 95 °F ambient temperature, as indicated by the A test condition in AHRI 1250-2009 Section 5. At temperatures greater than the critical temperature, the CO2 refrigerant is in a supercritical state (i.e. a condition with pressure above the critical temperature) and heat is transferred to the environment. Since useful cooling is provided below the critical temperature, CO2 cycles are said to be transcritical.

The transcritical nature of CO2 generally requires more complex refrigeration cycle design to approach the efficiency of traditional refrigerants (i.e., R404A, R407A, R448A, etc.) during operation in high temperature conditions. To increase efficiency and prevent overheating, transcritical booster systems introduce (or use) multiple stages of compression and intercooling. CO2 is cooled in the gas cooler of a transcritical booster system, then expands through a high-pressure control valve and is delivered to a subcritical-pressure flash tank. In the flash tank, the refrigerant is in the subcritical phase and the liquid and vapor phases can be separated. A unit cooler in a CO2 booster system would be supplied with liquid refrigerant from the flash tank via expansion valves where the refrigerant is evaporated. The evaporated refrigerant is subsequently compressed up to gas cooler pressure to complete the cycle (HTPG, No. 2).Start Printed Page 83930

HTPG also requests an interim waiver from the existing DOE test procedure. DOE will grant an interim waiver if it appears likely that the petition for waiver will be granted, and/or if DOE determines that it would be desirable for public policy reasons to grant immediate relief pending a determination of the petition for waiver. See 10 CFR 431.401(e)(2).

Based on the assertions in the petition, absent an interim waiver, the prescribed test procedure is not appropriate for HTPG's CO2 direct expansion unit coolers and the test conditions are not achievable, since CO2 refrigerant has a critical temperature of 87.8 °F and the current DOE test procedure calls for a liquid inlet saturation temperature of 105 °F. The inability to achieve test conditions for the stated basic models would result in economic hardship from loss of sales stemming from the inability of the DOE test procedure to address the operating conditions of HTPG's equipment.

III. Requested Alternate Test Procedure

EPCA requires that manufacturers use the applicable DOE test procedures when making representations about the energy consumption and energy consumption costs of covered equipment (42 U.S.C. 6314(d)). Consistency is important when making representations about the energy efficiency of equipment, including when demonstrating compliance with applicable DOE energy conservation standards. Pursuant to 10 CFR 431.401, and after consideration of public comments on the petition, DOE may establish in a subsequent Decision and Order an alternate test procedure for the basic models addressed by the Interim Waiver Order.

HTPG seeks to test and rate specific CO2 direct expansion unit cooler basic models with modifications to the DOE test procedure. HTPG's suggested approach specifies using modified liquid inlet saturation and liquid inlet subcooling temperatures—38°F and 5°F, respectively, for both walk-in refrigerator unit coolers and walk-in freezer unit coolers. Additionally, HTPG recommends that because the subject units are used in transcritical CO2 booster systems the calculations in AHRI 1250-2009 section 7.9 should be used to determine AWEF and net capacity for unit coolers matched to parallel rack systems as required under the DOE test procedure. This section of AHRI 1250-2009 is prescribed by the DOE test procedure for determining AWEF for all unit coolers tested alone (see 10 CFR part 431, subpart R, appendix C, section 3.3.1). Finally, HTPG also recommends that AHRI 1250-2009 Table 17, EER for Remote Commercial Refrigerated Display Merchandisers and Storage Cabinets, should be used to determine power consumption of CO2 direct expansion unit cooler systems as required under the DOE test procedure.

IV. Interim Waiver Order

DOE has reviewed HTPG's application, its suggested testing approach, industry materials regarding CO2 transcritical booster systems, and HTPG's consumer-facing materials, including websites and product specification sheets for the basic models listed in HTPG's petition. Based on this review, the suggested testing approach appears to allow for the accurate measurement of energy efficiency of the specified basic models, while alleviating the testing issues associated with HTPG's implementation of walk-in cooler and walk-in freezer testing for these basic models. Review of the CO2 refrigeration market confirms that the test conditions of the testing approach suggested by HTPG would be representative for operation of a unit cooler used in a transcritical CO2 booster system (HTPG, No. 4). CO2 that is cooled in the gas cooler of a transcritical booster system expands through a high-pressure control valve that delivers CO2 to a subcritical-pressure flash tank, where liquid and vapor phases of the refrigerant are separated. The liquid is then split and the unit coolers receive the refrigerant at the same condition, consistent with the use of the same liquid inlet saturation temperature for both the medium- and low-temperature systems in HTPG's suggested test approach. Calculations on other external CO2 refrigeration system designs in the market indicate that the 38 °F liquid unit cooler inlet saturation temperature suggested by HTPG is representative of CO2 booster systems (HTPG, No. 2). Regarding use of the EER values in AHRI 1250-2009 Table 17 to determine the representative compressor power consumption for CO2 unit cooler systems, research into the performance of different configurations of CO2 booster systems shows that enhanced CO2 cycles (like those used in transcritical booster systems) can match conventional refrigerants in average annual efficiency (HTPG, No. 3). These data and studies help to justify the use of the EER values in AHRI 1250-2009 Table 17 for determining the power consumption of CO2 booster system evaporators, even though these EER values were initially established for conventional refrigerants. Consequently, DOE has determined that HTPG's petition for waiver likely will be granted. Furthermore, DOE has determined that it is desirable for public policy reasons to grant HTPG immediate relief pending a determination of the petition for waiver.

For the reasons stated, it is ordered that:

(1) HTPG must test and rate the following CO2 direct expansion unit cooler basic models with the alternate test procedure set forth in paragraph (2).

Russell branded Basic Model Numbers:

RL6A041ADAFRL6A041DDAFRL6A052ADAFRL6A052DDAFRL6A066ADAFRL6A066DDAF
RL6A073ADAFRL6A073DDAFRL6A094ADAFRL6A094DDAFRL6A117ADAFPL6A117DDAF
RL6A130ADAFRL6A130DDAFRL6A141ADAFRL6A141DDAFRL6A161ADAFRL6A161DDAF
RL6A181ADAFRL6A181DDAFRL6A195ADAFRL6A195DDAFRL6A235ADAFRL6A235DDAF
RL6A260ADAFRL6A260DDAFRL6A295ADAFRL6A295DDAFRL6A330ADAFRL6A330DDAF
RL6A390ADAFRL6A390DDAFRL6E035DDAFRL6E042DDAFRL6E049DDAFRL6E066DDAF
RL6E077DDAFRL6E090DDAFRL6E105DDAFRL6E121DDAFRL6E142DDAFRL6E162DDAF
RL6E182DDAFRL6E200DDAFRL6E200EDAFRL6E244DDAFRL6E244EDAFRL6E281DDAF
RL6E281EDAFRL4E027DDAFRL4E032DDAFRL4E038DDAFRL4E051DDAFRL4E064DDAF
RL4E080DDAFRL4E094DDAFRL4E110DDAFRL4E125DDAFRL4E141DDAFRL4E155DDAF
RL4E155EDAFRL4E195DDAFRL4E195EDAFRL4E230DDAFRL4E230EDAF
RM6A182ADAFRM6A182DDAFRM6A182FDAFRM6A220ADAFRM6A220DDAFRM6A220FDAF
RM6A276ADAFRM6A276DDAFRM6A276FDAFRM6A370ADAFRM6A370DDAFRM6A370FDAF
RM6A442ADAFRM6A442DDAFRM6A442FDAFRM6A549ADAFRM6A549DDAFRM6A549FDAF
RM6A658ADAFRM6A658DDAFRM6A658FDAFRM6E153DDAFRM6E153EDAFRM6E153FDAF
RM6E153GDAFRM6E184DDAFRM6E184EDAFRM6E184FDAFRM6E184GDAFRM6E311DDAF
RM6E311EDAFRM6E311FDAFRM6E311GDAFRM6E374DDAFRM6E374EDAFRM6E374FDAF
RM6E374GDAFRM6E469EDAFRM6E469FDAFRM6E469GDAFRM6E564EDAFRM6E564FDAF
Start Printed Page 83931
RM6E564GDAFRM4E110DDAFRM4E110EDAFRM4E110FDAFRM4E110GDAFRM4E143DDAF
RM4E143EDAFRM4E143FDAFRM4E143GDAFRM4E232DDAFRM4E232EDAFRM4E232FDAF
RM4E232GDAFRM4E288DDAFRM4E288EDAFRM4E288FDAFRM4E288GDAFRM4E336EDAF
RM4E336FDAFRM4E336GDAFRM4E419EDAFRM4E419FDAFRM4E419GDAF
RV6A043ADAFRV6A043DDAFRV6A053ADAFRV6A053DDAFRV6A085ADAFRV6A085DDAF
RV6A106ADAFRV6A106DDAFRV6A129ADAFRV6A129DDAFRV6A158ADAFRV6A158DDAF
RV6A176ADAFRV6A176DDAFRV6A218ADAFRV6A218DDAFRV6A271ADAFRV6A271DDAF
RV6E043DDAFRV6E053DDAFRV6E085DDAFRV6E106DDAFRV6E129DDAFRV6E158DDAF
RV6E176DDAFRV6E218DDAFRV6E271DDAF
ASLA25048ADAFASLA25048DDAFASLA25061ADAFASLA25061DDAFASLA35073ADAFASLA35073DDAF
ASLA45098ADAFASLA45098DDAFASLA55122ADAFASLA55122DDAFASLA65158ADAFASLA65158DDAF
ASLE25048DDAFASLE25058DDAFASLE35070DDAFASLE45094DDAFASLE55117DDAFASLE65150DDAF
RE6A041ADAFRE6A041DDAFRE6A070ADAFRE6A070DDAFRE6A084ADAFRE6A084DDAF
RE6A104ADAFRE6A104DDAFRE6A128ADAFRE6A128DDAFRE6A141ADAFRE6A141DDAF
RE6A169ADAFRE6A169DDAFRE6A204ADAFRE6A204DDAFRE6A258ADAFRE6A258DDAF
RE6E037DDAFRE6E045DDAFRE6E075DDAFRE6E089DDAFRE6E108DDAFRE6E125DDAF
RE6E137DDAFRE6E182DDAFRE6E221DDAFRE6E278DDAFRE4E037DDAFRE4E075DDAF
RE4E107DDAFRE4E149DDAFRE4E186DDAFRE4E234DDAF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(2) The HTPG basic models identified in paragraph (1) of this Interim Waiver Order shall be tested according to the test procedure for walk-in cooler and walk-in freezer refrigeration systems prescribed by DOE at 10 CFR part 431, subpart R, appendix C (“Appendix C”), except that the liquid inlet saturation temperature test condition and liquid inlet subcooling temperature test condition shall be modified to 38°F and 5°F, respectively, for both walk-in refrigerator unit coolers and walk-in freezer unit coolers, as detailed below. All other requirements of Appendix C and DOE's regulations remain applicable.

In Appendix C, under section 3.1. General modifications: Test Conditions and Tolerances, revise section 3.1.5., to read as follows:

3.1.5. Tables 15 and 16 shall be modified to read as follows:

Table 15—Refrigerator Unit Cooler

Test descriptionUnit cooler air entering dry-bulb, °FUnit cooler air entering relative humidity, %Saturated suction temp, °FLiquid inlet saturation temp, °FLiquid inlet subcooling temp, °FCompressor capacityTest objective
Off Cycle Fan Power35<50Compressor OffMeasure fan input power during compressor off cycle.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction A35<5025385Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.
Note: Superheat to be set according to equipment specification in equipment or installation manual. If no superheat specification is given, a default superheat value of 6.5 °F shall be used. The superheat setting used in the test shall be reported as part of the standard rating.

Table 16—Freezer Unit Cooler

Test descriptionUnit cooler air entering dry-bulb, °FUnit cooler air entering relative humidity, %Saturated suction temp, °FLiquid inlet saturation temp, °FLiquid inlet subcooling temp, °FCompressor capacityTest objective
Off Cycle Fan Power−10<50Compressor OffMeasure fan input power during compressor off cycle.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction A−10<50−20385Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.
Defrost−10VariousCompressor OffTest according to Appendix C Section C11.
Note: Superheat to be set according to equipment specification in equipment or installation manual. If no superheat specification is given, a default superheat value of 6.5 °F shall be used. The superheat setting used in the test shall be reported as part of the standard rating.
Start Printed Page 83932

(3) Representations. HTPG may not make representations about the energy efficiency of a basic model listed in paragraph (1) of this Interim Waiver Order for compliance, marketing, or other purposes unless the basic model has been tested in accordance with the provisions set forth in this alternate test procedure and such representations fairly disclose the results of such testing.

(4) This Interim Waiver Order shall remain in effect according to the provisions of 10 CFR 431.401.

(5) This Interim Waiver Order is issued on the condidion that the statements and representations provided by HTPG are valid. If HTPG makes any modifications to the controls or configurations of a basic model subject to this Interim Waiver Order, such modifications will render the waiver invalid with respect to that basic model, and HTPG will either be required to use the current Federal test method or submit a new application for a test procedure waiver. DOE may rescind or modify this waiver at any time if it determines the factual basis underlying the petition for the Interim Waiver Order is incorrect, or the results from the alternate test procedure are unrepresentative of the basic model's true energy consumption characteristics. 10 CFR 431.401(k)(1). Likewise, HTPG may request that DOE rescind or modify the Interim Waiver Order if HTPG discovers an error in the information provided to DOE as part of its petition, determines that the interim waiver is no longer needed, or for other appropriate reasons. 10 CFR 431.401(k)(2).

(6) Issuance of this Interim Waiver Order does not release HTPG from the applicable requirements set forth at 10 CFR part 429.

DOE makes decisions on waivers and interim waivers for only those basic models specifically set out in the petiion, not future models that may be manufactured by the petitioner. HTPG may submit a new or amended petition for waiver and rerquest for grant of interim waiver, as appropriate, for additional basic models of CO2 direct expansion unit coolers. Alternatively, if appropriate, HTPG may rerquest that DOE extend the scope of a waiver or an interim waiver to include additional basic models employing the same technology as the basic model(s) set forth in the original petition consistent with 10 CFR 431.401(g).

Start Signature

Signed in Washington, DC, on November 24, 2020.

Alexander N. Fitzsimmons,

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

End Signature Start Printed Page 83933

July 6, 2020

The design characteristics constituting the grounds for the Waiver and Interim Waiver Application:

  • Appendix C to Subpart R of Part 431—Uniform Test Method for the Measurement of Net Capacity and AWEF of Walk-in Cooler and Walk-in Freezer Refrigeration Systems specifies that unit coolers tested alone use the test procedures described in AHRI 1250-2009. Table 15 and Table 16 of AHRI 1250-2009 are as follows:Start Printed Page 83934

Table 15—Refrigerator Unit Cooler

Test descriptionUnit cooler air entering dry-bulb, °FUnit cooler air entering relative humidity, %Saturated suction temp, °FLiquid inlet saturation temp, °FLiquid inlet subcooling temp, °FCompressor capacityTest objective
Off Cycle Fan Power35<50Compressor OffMeasure fan input power during compressor off cycle.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction A35<50251059Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction B35<50201059Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.

Table 16—Freezer Unit Cooler

Test descriptionUnit cooler air entering dry-bulb, °FUnit cooler air entering relative humidity, %Saturated suction temp, °FLiquid inlet saturation temp, °FLiquid inlet subcooling temp, °FCompressor capacityTest objective
Off Cycle Fan Power−10<50Compressor OffMeasure fan input power during compressor off cycle.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction A−10<50−201059Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction B−10<50−261059Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.
Defrost−10VariousCompressor OffTest according to Appendix C Section C11.
  • CO2 refrigerant has a critical temperature of 87.8 °F thus the liquid inlet saturation temperature of 105 °F and the liquid inlet subcooling temperature of 9 °F as specified in Table 15 and Table 16 are not achievable.
  • The test condition values need to be more in line with typical operating conditions for a transcritical CO2 booster system.

Basic Models on which the Waiver and Interim Waiver is being requested (All Russell Brand):

RL6A041ADAFRL6A041DDAFRL6A052ADAFRL6A052DDAFRL6A066ADAFRL6A066DDAF
RL6A073ADAFRL6A073DDAFRL6A094ADAFRL6A094DDAFRL6A117ADAFPL6A117DDAF
RL6A130ADAFRL6A130DDAFRL6A141ADAFRL6A141DDAFRL6A161ADAFRL6A161DDAF
RL6A181ADAFRL6A181DDAFRL6A195ADAFRL6A195DDAFRL6A235ADAFRL6A235DDAF
RL6A260ADAFRL6A260DDAFRL6A295ADAFRL6A295DDAFRL6A330ADAFRL6A330DDAF
RL6A390ADAFRL6A390DDAFRL6E035DDAFRL6E042DDAFRL6E049DDAFRL6E066DDAF
RL6E077DDAFRL6E090DDAFRL6E105DDAFRL6E121DDAFRL6E142DDAFRL6E162DDAF
RL6E182DDAFRL6E200DDAFRL6E200EDAFRL6E244DDAFRL6E244EDAFRL6E281DDAF
RL6E281EDAFRL4E027DDAFRL4E032DDAFRL4E038DDAFRL4E051DDAFRL4E064DDAF
RL4E080DDAFRL4E094DDAFRL4E110DDAFRL4E125DDAFRL4E141DDAFRL4E155DDAF
RL4E155EDAFRL4E195DDAFRL4E195EDAFRL4E230DDAFRL4E230EDAF
RM6A182ADAFRM6A182DDAFRM6A182FDAFRM6A220ADAFRM6A220DDAFRM6A220FDAF
RM6A276ADAFRM6A276DDAFRM6A276FDAFRM6A370ADAFRM6A370DDAFRM6A370FDAF
RM6A442ADAFRM6A442DDAFRM6A442FDAFRM6A549ADAFRM6A549DDAFRM6A549FDAF
RM6A658ADAFRM6A658DDAFRM6A658FDAFRM6E153DDAFRM6E153EDAFRM6E153FDAF
RM6E153GDAFRM6E184DDAFRM6E184EDAFRM6E184FDAFRM6E184GDAFRM6E311DDAF
RM6E311EDAFRM6E311FDAFRM6E311GDAFRM6E374DDAFRM6E374EDAFRM6E374FDAF
RM6E374GDAFRM6E469EDAFRM6E469FDAFRM6E469GDAFRM6E564EDAFRM6E564FDAF
RM6E564GDAFRM4E110DDAFRM4E110EDAFRM4E110FDAFRM4E110GDAFRM4E143DDAF
RM4E143EDAFRM4E143FDAFRM4E143GDAFRM4E232DDAFRM4E232EDAFRM4E232FDAF
RM4E232GDAFRM4E288DDAFRM4E288EDAFRM4E288FDAFRM4E288GDAFRM4E336EDAF
RM4E336FDAFRM4E336GDAFRM4E419EDAFRM4E419FDAFRM4E419GDAF
RV6A043ADAFRV6A043DDAFRV6A053ADAFRV6A053DDAFRV6A085ADAFRV6A085DDAF
RV6A106ADAFRV6A106DDAFRV6A129ADAFRV6A129DDAFRV6A158ADAFRV6A158DDAF
RV6A176ADAFRV6A176DDAFRV6A218ADAFRV6A218DDAFRV6A271ADAFRV6A271DDAF
RV6E043DDAFRV6E053DDAFRV6E085DDAFRV6E106DDAFRV6E129DDAFRV6E158DDAF
RV6E176DDAFRV6E218DDAFRV6E271DDAF
ASLA25048ADAFASLA25048DDAFASLA25061ADAFASLA25061DDAFASLA35073ADAFASLA35073DDAF
ASLA45098ADAFASLA45098DDAFASLA55122ADAFASLA55122DDAFASLA65158ADAFASLA65158DDAF
ASLE25048DDAFASLE25058DDAFASLE35070DDAFASLE45094DDAFASLE55117DDAFASLE65150DDAF
RE6A041ADAFRE6A041DDAFRE6A070ADAFRE6A070DDAFRE6A084ADAFRE6A084DDAF
RE6A104ADAFRE6A104DDAFRE6A128ADAFRE6A128DDAFRE6A141ADAFRE6A141DDAF
RE6A169ADAFRE6A169DDAFRE6A204ADAFRE6A204DDAFRE6A258ADAFRE6A258DDAF
RE6E037DDAFRE6E045DDAFRE6E075DDAFRE6E089DDAFRE6E108DDAFRE6E125DDAF
RE6E137DDAFRE6E182DDAFRE6E221DDAFRE6E278DDAFRE4E037DDAFRE4E075DDAF
RE4E107DDAFRE4E149DDAFRE4E186DDAFRE4E234DDAF
RH6A031DDAFRH6A031FDAFRH6A043DDAFRH6A043FDAFRH6A052DDAFRH6A052FDAF
RH6A063DDAFRH6A063FDAFRH6A087DDAFRH6A087FDAFRH6A105DDAFRH6A105FDAF
Start Printed Page 83935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Specific Requirement sought to be waived—Petitioning for a waiver and interim waiver to exempt CO2 Direct Expansion Unit Coolers in Medium and Low Temperature application from being tested to the current test procedure. The prescribed test procedure is not appropriate for these products for the reasons stated previously (liquid inlet saturation temperature and liquid inlet subcooling temperature test condition values are not appropriate for a transcritical CO2 booster system application).

List of manufacturers of all other basic models marketing in the United States and known to the petitioner to incorporate similar design characteristics

Manufacturer: Heatcraft Refrigeration Products

Manufacturer: Keeprite Refrigeration

Manufacturer: Hussmann/Krack Refrigeration

Proposed alternate test procedure:

1. Utilize the test procedure as outlined in Appendix C to Subpart R of Part 431—Uniform Test Method for the Measurement of Net Capacity and AWEF of Walk-in Cooler and Walk-in Freezer Refrigeration Systems with the exception of modifying the test conditions in Table 15 and 16 for liquid inlet saturation temperature and liquid inlet subcooling temperature as noted below. In addition, per Appendix C to Subpart R of 431 use the calculations in AHRI 1250 section 7.9 to determine AWEF and net capacity for unit coolers matched to parallel rack systems. Use AHRI 1250 Table 17, EER for Remote Commercial Refrigerated Display Merchandisers and Storage Cabinets to determine the power consumption of the system.

Table 15—Refrigerator Unit Cooler

Test descriptionUnit cooler air entering dry-bulb, °FUnit cooler air entering relative humidity, %Saturated suction temp, °FLiquid inlet saturation temp, °FLiquid inlet subcooling temp, °FCompressor capacityTest objective
Off Cycle Fan Power35<50Compressor OffMeasure fan input power during compressor off cycle.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction A35<5025385Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.

Table 16—Freezer Unit Cooler

Test descriptionUnit cooler air entering dry-bulb, °FUnit cooler air entering relative humidity, %Saturated suction temp, °FLiquid inlet saturation temp, °FLiquid inlet subcooling temp, °FCompressor capacityTest objective
Off Cycle Fan Power−10<50Compressor OffMeasure fan input power during compressor off cycle.
Refrigeration Capacity Suction A−10<50−20385Compressor OnDetermine Net Refrigeration Capacity of Unit Cooler.
Defrost−10VariousCompressor OffTest according to Appendix C Section C11.

Success of the application for Waiver and interim Waiver will: Ensure that manufacturers of CO2 Direct Expansion Unit Coolers in Medium and Low Temperature application can continue to participate in the market.

What economic hardship and/or competitive disadvantage is likely to result absent a favorable determination on the Application for Waiver and Interim Waiver—Economic hardship will be loss of sales due to not meeting the DOE requirements set forth.

Conclusion:

Heat Transfer Products Group respectfully requests that DOE grant this petition for a Waiver and Interim Waiver from DOE's current requirement to test CO2 direct expansion unit coolers.

/s/

Start Signature

Michael Straub,

Director, Engineering and Product Development.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

Footnotes

1.  The petition did not identify any of the information contained therein as confidential business information.

Back to Citation

1.  All references to EPCA in this document refer to the statute as amended through America's Water Infrastructure Act of 2018, Public Law 115-270 (Oct. 23, 2018).

Back to Citation

2.  For editorial reasons, upon codification in the U.S. Code, Part C was redesignated as Part A-1.

Back to Citation

3.  A notation in the form “HTPG, No.1” identifies a written submission: (1) Made by HTPG; and (2) recorded in document number 1 that is filed in the docket of this petition for waiver (Docket No. EERE-2020-BT-WAV-0025) and available at http://www.regulations.gov/​docket?​D=​EERE-2020-BT-WAV-0025.

Back to Citation

4.  The test procedure specifies the unit cooler refrigerant inlet condition in terms of a saturation temperature (the temperature at which it completes the condensation process in a condenser) and the subcooling temperature (additional reduction in temperature lower than the specified saturation temperature). For CO2, the critical temperature above which there cannot exist separate liquid and gas phases is below the saturation condition specified in the test procedure, hence the specified condition cannot be achieved.

Back to Citation

5.  Absolute pressure is the pressure measured relative to a complete vacuum; “psia” represents the absolute pressure in pounds per square inch.

Back to Citation

BILLING CODE 6450-01-P

BILLING CODE 6450-01-C

[FR Doc. 2020-26322 Filed 12-22-20; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 6450-01-P