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Rule

Addition of Entity to the Entity List, and Addition of Entity to the Military End-User (MEU) List and Removals From the MEU List

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Start Preamble Start Printed Page 4862

AGENCY:

Bureau of Industry and Security, Commerce.

ACTION:

Final rule.

SUMMARY:

In this rule, the Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) amends the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) by adding one entity to the Entity List. This one entity has been determined by the U.S. Government to be acting contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. This entity will be listed on the Entity List under the destination of the People's Republic of China (China). In addition, this final rule amends the EAR by adding one entity to the Military End-User (MEU) List. Lastly, this final rule removes two entities from the MEU List to remove a duplicate listing.

DATES:

This rule is effective January 14, 2021.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Chair, End-User Review Committee, Office of the Assistant Secretary, Export Administration, Bureau of Industry and Security, Department of Commerce, Phone: (202) 482-5991, Fax: (202) 482-3911, Email: ERC@bis.doc.gov.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Background

The Entity List (supplement no. 4 to part 744 of the Export Administration Regulations (EAR)) identifies entities for which there is reasonable cause to believe, based on specific and articulable facts, that the entities have been involved, are involved, or pose a significant risk of being or becoming involved in activities contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States. The EAR (15 CFR parts 730-774) impose additional license requirements on, and limit the availability of most license exceptions for, exports, reexports, and transfers (in-country) to listed entities. The license review policy for each listed entity is identified in the “License review policy” column on the Entity List, and the impact on the availability of license exceptions is described in the relevant Federal Register notice adding entities to the Entity List. BIS places entities on the Entity List pursuant to part 744 (Control Policy: End-User and End-Use Based) and part 746 (Embargoes and Other Special Controls) of the EAR.

The `Military End-User' (MEU) List (supplement no. 7 to part 744 of the EAR) identifies entities that have been determined by the ERC to be `military end users' pursuant to § 744.21 of the EAR. That section imposes additional license requirements on, and limits the availability of most license exceptions for, exports, reexports, and transfers (in-country) to listed entities on the MEU List, as specified in supplement no. 7 to part 744 and § 744.21. Entities are listed on the MEU List under the destinations of China, Russia, or Venezuela. The license review policy for each listed entity is identified in the introductory text of supplement no. 7 to part 744 and in § 744.21(b) and (e). The MEU List includes introductory text, which specifies the scope of the license requirements, limitations on the use of EAR license exceptions, and the license review policy that applies to the entities. These requirements are also reflected in § 744.21, but for ease of reference, these also included in the introductory text of the supplement.

The End-User Review Committee (ERC), composed of representatives of the Departments of Commerce (Chair), State, Defense, Energy and, where appropriate, the Treasury, makes all decisions regarding additions to, removals from, or other modifications to the Entity List and the MEU List. The ERC makes all decisions to add an entry to the Entity List and MEU List by majority vote and all decisions to remove or modify an entry by unanimous vote.

ERC Entity List Decisions

Additions to the Entity List

Under § 744.11(b) (Criteria for revising the Entity List) of the EAR, entities for which there is reasonable cause to believe, based on specific and articulable facts, that the entities have been involved, are involved, or pose a significant risk of being or becoming involved in activities that are contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States, and those acting on behalf of such entities, may be added to the Entity List. Paragraphs (b)(1) through (5) of § 744.11 provide an illustrative list of activities that could be considered contrary to the national security or foreign policy interests of the United States.

This rule implements the decision of the ERC to add one entity to the Entity List. This one entity will be listed on the Entity List under the destination of China. The ERC made the decision to add this one entity described below under the standard set forth in § 744.11(b) of the EAR.

The ERC determined that the one subject entity is engaging in or enabling activities contrary to U.S. national security and foreign policy interests, as follows:

The ERC determined that China National Offshore Oil Corporation Ltd. has been involved in the PRC's efforts to assert its unlawful maritime claims in the South China Sea, as well as efforts to intimidate and coerce other South China Sea coastal states from accessing and developing offshore marine resources.

Pursuant to § 744.11(b), the ERC determined that the conduct of the above-described one entity raises sufficient concerns that prior review, via the imposition of a license requirement, of exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) of all items subject to the EAR involving this one entity, except for the exclusions from the license requirement specified in the next paragraph, and the possible issuance of license denials or the possible imposition of license conditions on shipments to this entity, will enhance BIS's ability to prevent violations of the EAR or otherwise protect U.S. national security or foreign policy interests.

For China National Offshore Oil Corporation Ltd., BIS imposes a license requirement that applies to all items subject to the EAR except for crude oil, condensates, aromatics, natural gas liquids, hydrocarbon gas liquids, natural gas plant liquids, refined petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, natural gas, synthetic natural gas, and compressed natural gas that are identified under one of thirty-seven Harmonized System (HS) codes included in the license requirement column for this entry, or for items required for the continued operation of joint ventures with persons from countries in Country Group A:1 in supplement no. 1 to part 740 of the EAR not operating in the South China Sea.

For this one entity added to the Entity List by this rule, BIS imposes a license review policy of a presumption of denial. In addition, no license exceptions are available for exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) to the person being added to the Entity List in this rule.

For the reasons described above, this final rule adds the following one entity to the Entity List:Start Printed Page 4863

China

  • China National Offshore Oil Corporation Ltd.

ERC MEU List Decisions

Additions to the MEU List

Under § 744.21(b) of the EAR, BIS may inform persons either individually by specific notice, through amendment to the EAR published in the Federal Register , or through a separate notice published in the Federal Register , that a license is required for specific exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) of any item because there is an unacceptable risk of use in or diversion to a `military end use' or `military end user' in China, Russia, or Venezuela. Under § 744.21(b)(1) of the EAR, BIS may designate entities subject to this additional prohibition under paragraph (b) that have been determined by the ERC to be a `military end user' pursuant to § 744.21. These entities will be added to supplement no. 7 to part 744 (`Military End-User' (MEU) List) in Federal Register notices published by BIS.

This rule implements the decision of the ERC to add one entity to the MEU List. This entity will be listed on the MEU List under the destination of China. The ERC made the decision to add this entity described below under the standard set forth in § 744.21 of the EAR, including the criteria for what constitutes a `military end user' under paragraph (g) and `military end use' under paragraph (f).

The license requirement for this entity that will be listed on the MEU List applies to the export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) of any item subject to the EAR listed in supplement no. 2 to part 744. For this one entity added to the MEU List by this rule, BIS imposes a license review policy of a presumption of denial as set forth in § 744.21(e).

No license exceptions are available for exports, reexports, or transfers (in-country) to listed entities on the MEU List for items specified in supplement no. 2 to part 744, except license exceptions for items authorized under the provisions of License Exception GOV set forth in § 740.11(b)(2)(i) and (ii) of the EAR.

The acronym “a.k.a.” (also known as) is used in entries on the MEU List to identify aliases, thereby assisting exporters, reexporters, and transferors in identifying entities on the MEU List.

For the reasons described above, this final rule adds the following one entity to the MEU List:

China

  • Beijing Skyrizon Aviation Industry Investment Co., Ltd.

Removals From the MEU List

The ERC reviews the MEU List regularly for identifying needed modifications, as specified in supplement no. 5 to part 744 (Procedures For End-User Review Committee Entity List Decisions). Consistent with the ERC's decision on the parties included in supplement no. 5, two entities are being removed from supplement no. 7 to part 744.

This rule removes “Korporatsiya Vsmpo Avisma OAO,” an entity located in Russia, from the MEU List because it is a duplicate listing of “Korporatsiya VSMPO AVISMA,” an entity considered for inclusion on the MEU list but not included because the ERC determined it was not a `military end user' based on the criteria in § 744.21(g) and (f).

This rule also removes “Molot Oruzhie,” an entity located in Russia, from the MEU List because this entity was already listed on the Entity List and therefore did not require being additionally listed on the MEU List. The entry for “Molot Oruzhie” was added to the Entity List on December 23, 2020 (85 FR 83799). Entities on the Entity List are not also included on the MEU List.

This final rule removes the following two entities, consisting of two entities located in Russia, from the MEU List:

Russia

  • Korporatsiya Vsmpo Avisma OAO; and
  • Molot Oruzhie.

Savings Clause

Shipments of items removed from eligibility for a License Exception or export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) without a license (NLR) as a result of this regulatory action that were en route aboard a carrier to a port of export, reexport, or transfer (in-country), on [INSERT DATE OF DISPLAY ON THE PUBLIC INSPECTION DESK], pursuant to actual orders for export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) to or within a foreign destination, may proceed to that destination under the previous eligibility for a License Exception or export, reexport, or transfer (in-country) without a license (NLR).

Export Control Reform Act of 2018

On August 13, 2018, the President signed into law the John S. McCain National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2019, which included the Export Control Reform Act of 2018 (ECRA) (50 U.S.C. 4801-4852). ECRA provides the legal basis for BIS's principal authorities and serves as the authority under which BIS issues this rule.

Rulemaking Requirements

1. Executive Orders 13563 and 12866 direct agencies to assess all costs and benefits of available regulatory alternatives and, if regulation is necessary, to select regulatory approaches that maximize net benefits (including potential economic, environmental, public health and safety effects, distributive impacts, and equity). Executive Order 13563 emphasizes the importance of quantifying both costs and benefits, of reducing costs, of harmonizing rules, and of promoting flexibility. This rule has been determined to be not significant for purposes of Executive Order 12866. This rule is not an Executive Order 13771 regulatory action because this rule is not significant under Executive Order 12866.

2. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person is required to respond to or be subject to a penalty for failure to comply with a collection of information, subject to the requirements of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995 (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.) (PRA), unless that collection of information displays a currently valid Office of Management and Budget (OMB) Control Number. This regulation involves collections previously approved by OMB under control number 0694-0088, Simplified Network Application Processing System, which includes, among other things, license applications, and carries a burden estimate of 42.5 minutes for a manual or electronic submission. Total burden hours associated with the PRA and OMB control number 0694-0088 are not expected to increase as a result of this rule.

3. This rule does not contain policies with Federalism implications as that term is defined in Executive Order 13132.

4. Pursuant to § 1762 of the Export Control Reform Act of 2018, this action is exempt from the Administrative Procedure Act (5 U.S.C. 553) requirements for notice of proposed rulemaking, opportunity for public participation, and delay in effective date.

5. Because a notice of proposed rulemaking and an opportunity for public comment are not required to be given for this rule by 5 U.S.C. 553, or by any other law, the analytical requirements of the Regulatory Flexibility Act, 5 U.S.C. 601, et seq., are not applicable. Accordingly, no Start Printed Page 4864regulatory flexibility analysis is required and none has been prepared.

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 15 CFR Part 744

  • Exports
  • Reporting and recordkeeping requirements
  • Terrorism
End List of Subjects

Accordingly, part 744 of the Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR parts 730-774) is amended as follows:

Start Part

PART 744—[AMENDED]

End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for 15 CFR part 744 continues to read as follows:

End Amendment Part Start Authority

Authority: 50 U.S.C. 4801-4852; 50 U.S.C. 4601 et seq.; 50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 3201 et seq.; 42 U.S.C. 2139a; 22 U.S.C. 7201 et seq.; 22 U.S.C. 7210; E.O. 12058, 43 FR 20947, 3 CFR, 1978 Comp., p. 179; E.O. 12851, 58 FR 33181, 3 CFR, 1993 Comp., p. 608; E.O. 12938, 59 FR 59099, 3 CFR, 1994 Comp., p. 950; E.O. 13026, 61 FR 58767, 3 CFR, 1996 Comp., p. 228; E.O. 13099, 63 FR 45167, 3 CFR, 1998 Comp., p. 208; E.O. 13222, 66 FR 44025, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 783; E.O. 13224, 66 FR 49079, 3 CFR, 2001 Comp., p. 786; Notice of September 18, 2020, 85 FR 59641 (September 22, 2020); Notice of November 12, 2020, 85 FR 72897 (November 13, 2020).

End Authority Start Amendment Part

2. Supplement No. 4 to part 744 is amended:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Under CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF, by adding in alphabetical order an entry for “China National Offshore Oil Corporation Ltd.”

End Amendment Part

The addition reads as follows:

Supplement No. 4 to Part 744—Entity List

* * * * *
CountryEntityLicense requirementLicense review policyFederal Register citation
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF *   *   *   *   *   *
China National Offshore Oil Corporation Ltd., No. 25 Chaoyangmen North Street, Dongcheng District, Beijing, 100010, ChinaAll items subjects to the EAR except for: —crude oil, condensates, aromatics, natural gas liquids, hydrocarbon gas liquids, natural gas plant liquids, refined petroleum products, liquefied natural gas, natural gas, synthetic natural gas, and compressed natural gas under the following Harmonized System (HS) codes: 271111, 2711210000, 2711210000, 2709, 2709002010, 2707, 27075000, 2710, 271019, 271112, 271113, 271114, 271119, 27111990, 271311, 271312, 271012250, 2901, 290511, 2701, 29109020, 29151310, 29155020, 29156050, 29159020, 29161210, 29280025, 29321910, 29362920, 29419030, 2909300000, 2917194500, 2922504500, 2924296000, 2925294500, 2928002500, 2933194350; or —required for the continued operation of joint ventures with persons from countries in Country Group A:1 in supplement no. 1 to part 740 of the EAR not operating in the South China SeaPresumption of denial.86 FR [INSERT FR PAGE NUMBER 1/15/2021].
 *   *   *   *   *   *
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
* * * * *
Start Amendment Part

3. Supplement No. 7 to part 744 is amended:

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

a. Under CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF, by adding in alphabetical order an entry for “Beijing Skyrizon Aviation Industry Investment Co., Ltd.;” and

End Amendment Part Start Amendment Part

b. Under RUSSIA, by removing the entries for “Korporatsiya Vsmpo Avisma OAO” and “Molot Oruzhie.”

End Amendment Part

The addition reads as follows:

Supplement No. 7 to Part 744—`Military End-User' (MEU) List

* * * * *
CountryEntityFederal Register citation
CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF *   *   *   *   *   *
Start Printed Page 4865
Beijing Skyrizon Aviation Industry Investment Co., Ltd., a.k.a., the following one alias: —Beijing Tianjiao Aviation Industry Investment Company86 FR [INSERT FR PAGE NUMBER 1/15/2021].
21/F Tower C Zhizhen Plaza, No. 7 Zhichun Road, Haidian District, Beijing, China.
CHINA, PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF *   *   *   *   *   *
*         *         *         *         *         *         *
Start Signature

Matthew S. Borman,

Deputy Assistant Secretary for Export Administration.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2021-00995 Filed 1-14-21; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 3510-33-P