Skip to Content

We invite you to try out our new beta eCFR site at https://ecfr.federalregister.gov. We’ve made big changes to make the eCFR easier to use. Be sure to leave feedback using the 'Feedback' button on the bottom right of each page!

Notice

Federal Need Analysis Methodology for the 2022-23 Award Year-Federal Pell Grant, Federal Work-Study, Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant, William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan, Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant, and TEACH Grant Programs

Document Details

Information about this document as published in the Federal Register.

Document Statistics
Document page views are updated periodically throughout the day and are cumulative counts for this document. Counts are subject to sampling, reprocessing and revision (up or down) throughout the day.
Published Document

This document has been published in the Federal Register. Use the PDF linked in the document sidebar for the official electronic format.

Start Preamble

AGENCY:

Federal Student Aid, U.S. Department of Education.

ACTION:

Notice.

SUMMARY:

The Secretary announces the annual updates to the tables used in the statutory Federal Need Analysis Methodology that determines a student's expected family contribution (EFC) for award year (AY) 2022-23 for student financial aid programs, Assistance Listing Numbers 84.063, 84.033, 84.007, 84.268, 84.408, and 84.379. The intent of this notice is to alert the financial aid community and the broader public to these required annual updates used in the determination of student aid eligibility.

Start Further Info

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:

Kerri Moseley-Hobbs, U.S. Department of Education, Union Center Plaza, 830 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20202-5454. Telephone: (202) 377-3291.

If you use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) or a text telephone (TTY), call the Federal Relay Service (FRS), toll free, at 1-800-877-8339.

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

Part F of title IV of the Higher Education Act of 1965, as amended (HEA), specifies the criteria, data elements, calculations, and tables the Department of Education (Department) uses in the Federal Need Analysis Methodology to determine the EFC.

Section 478 of the HEA requires the Secretary to annually update the following four tables for price inflation—the Income Protection Allowance (IPA), the Adjusted Net Worth (NW) of a Business or Farm, the Education Savings and Asset Protection Allowance, and the Assessment Schedules and Rates. The updates are based, in general, upon increases in the Consumer Price Index (CPI).

For AY 2022-23, the Secretary is charged with updating the IPA for parents of dependent students, adjusted NW of a business or farm, the education savings and asset protection allowance, and the assessment schedules and rates to account for inflation that took place between December 2020 and December 2021. However, because the Secretary must publish these tables before December 2021, the increases in the tables must be based on a percentage equal to the estimated percentage increase in the Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers (CPI-U) for 2021. The Secretary must also account for any under- or over-estimation of inflation for the preceding year.

In developing the table values for the 2021-22 AY, the Secretary assumed a 2.0 percent increase in the CPI-U for the period December 2019 through December 2020. The actual inflation for this time period was 1.2 percent. The Secretary estimates that the increase in the CPI-U for the period December 2020 through December 2021 will be 1.8 percent.

Additionally, section 601 of the College Cost Reduction and Access Act of 2007 (CCRAA, Pub. L. 110-84) amended sections 475 through 478 of the HEA affecting the IPA tables for the 2009-10 through 2012-13 AYs and required the Department to use a percentage of the estimated CPI to update the table in subsequent years. These changes to the IPA impact dependent students, as well as independent students with dependents other than a spouse and independent students without dependents other than a spouse. This notice includes the new 2022-23 AY values for the IPA tables, which reflect the CCRAA amendments. The updated tables are in sections 1 (Income Protection Allowance), 2 (Adjusted Net Worth of a Business or Farm), and 4 (Assessment Schedules and Rates) of this notice.

Under section 478(d) of the HEA, the Secretary must also revise the education Start Printed Page 38068savings and asset protection allowances for each AY. The Education Savings and Asset Protection Allowance table for AY 2021-22 has been updated in section 3 of this notice.

Section 478(h) of the HEA also requires the Secretary to increase the amount specified for the employment expense allowance, adjusted for inflation. This calculation is based on increases in the Bureau of Labor Statistics' marginal costs budget for a two-worker family compared to a one-worker family. The items covered by this calculation are: Food away from home, apparel, transportation, and household furnishings and operations. The Employment Expense Allowance table for AY 2022-23 has been updated in section 5 of this notice.

Section 478(g) of the HEA directs the Secretary to update the tables for State and other taxes after reviewing the Statistics of Income file data maintained by the Internal Revenue Service. After review of the 2018 Statistics of Income data file, the Secretary has determined that for AY 2022-2023 this table will not be updated. Changes to tax law in 2018 resulted in a cap of state, local, and other taxes that can be claimed as deductions on federal income tax returns. This led to a large drop in the share of filers claiming the deduction and thus the total amount of these taxes paid, causing the Statistics of Income data file to less accurately reflect state, local, and other taxes paid in 2018. While the 2018 Statistics of Income data file shows a substantial decline in state, local, and other taxes paid as share of income, more accurate data confirms that the year-over-year change in share of income put toward state and local taxes paid as a share of income grew from 9.80 percent to 9.89 percent. Therefore, the table in section 6 of this notice has not been updated and will remain the same as AY 2021-2022.

The HEA requires the following annual updates:

1. Income Protection Allowance. This allowance is the amount of living expenses associated with the maintenance of an individual or family that may be offset against the family's income. The allowance varies by family size. The IPA for dependent students is $7,040. The IPAs for parents of dependent students for AY 2022-23 are as follows:

Parents of Dependent Students

Family sizeNumber in college
12345
2$19,630$16,270
324,44021,100$17,740
430,19026,83023,490$20,130
535,62032,26028,92025,560$22,220
641,67038,31034,97031,61028,270

For each additional family member add $4,700. For each additional college student subtract $3,340.

The IPAs for independent students with dependents other than a spouse for AY 2022-23 are as follows:

Independent Students With Dependents Other Than a Spouse

Family sizeNumber in college
12345
2$27,720$22,980
334,52029,800$25,060
442,62037,90033,180$28,430
550,30045,55040,83036,100$31,380
658,82054,09049,38044,62039,910

For each additional family member add $6,640. For each additional college student subtract $4,720.

The IPAs for single independent students and independent students without dependents other than a spouse for AY 2022-23 are as follows:

Independent Students Without Dependents Other Than Spouse

Marital statusNumber in college
12
Single$10,950
Married17,550$10,950

2. Adjusted Net Worth of a Business or Farm. A portion of the full NW (assets less debts) of a business or farm is excluded from the calculation of an EFC because (1) the income produced from these assets is already assessed in another part of the formula; and (2) the formula protects a portion of the value of the assets.

The portion of these assets included in the contribution calculation is computed according to the following schedule. This schedule is used for parents of dependent students, Start Printed Page 38069independent students without dependents other than a spouse, and independent students with dependents other than a spouse.

If the NW of a business or farm isThen the adjusted NW is
Less than $1$0.
$1 to $140,000$0 + 40% of NW.
$140,001 to $420,000$56,000 + 50% of NW over $140,000.
$420,001 to $700,000$196,500 + 60% of NW over $420,000.
$700,001 or more$364,000 + 100% of NW over $700,000.

3. Education Savings and Asset Protection Allowance. This allowance protects a portion of NW (assets less debts) from being considered available for postsecondary educational expenses. There are three asset protection allowance tables: One for parents of dependent students, one for independent students without dependents other than a spouse, and one for independent students with dependents other than a spouse.

Parents of Dependent Students, and Independent Students With Dependents Other Than a Spouse, and Independent Students Without Dependents Other Than a Spouse

If the age of the older parent is, or If the age of the independent student isAnd the older parent or the independent student is
MarriedSingle
Then the allowance is
25 or less00
262000
274000
286000
298000
301,0000
311,2000
321,4000
331,7000
341,9000
352,1000
362,3000
372,5000
382,7000
392,9000
403,1000
413,2000
423,2000
433,3000
443,4000
453,5000
463,6000
473,7000
483,7000
493,8000
503,9000
514,0000
524,1000
534,2000
544,4000
554,5000
564,6000
574,7000
584,9000
595,0000
605,1000
615,3000
625,4000
635,6000
645,8000
65 or older5,9000

4. Assessment Schedules and Rates. Two schedules that are subject to updates—one for parents of dependent students and one for independent students with dependents other than a spouse—are used to determine the EFC from family financial resources that contribute to educational expenses. For dependent students, the EFC is derived Start Printed Page 38070from an assessment of the parents' adjusted available income (AAI). For independent students with dependents other than a spouse, the EFC is derived from an assessment of the family's AAI. The AAI represents a measure of a family's financial strength, which considers both income and assets.

The contribution of parents of dependent students, and independent students with dependents other than a spouse, is computed according to the following schedule:

If AAI isThen the contribution is
Less than −$3,409−$750.
−$3,409 to $17,50022% of AAI.
$17,501 to $22,000$3,850 + 25% of AAI over $17,500.
$22,001 to $26,500$4,975 + 29% of AAI over $22,000.
$26,501 to $31,000$6,280 + 34% of AAI over $26,500.
$30,001 to $35,500$7,810 + 40% of AAI over $31,000.
$35,501 or more$9,610 + 47% of AAI over $35,500.

5. Employment Expense Allowance. This allowance for employment-related expenses—which is used for the parents of dependent students and for married independent students—recognizes additional expenses incurred by working spouses and single-parent households. The allowance is based on the marginal differences in costs for a two-worker family compared to a one-worker family. The items covered by these additional expenses are: Food away from home, apparel, transportation, and household furnishings and operations.

The employment expense allowance for parents of dependent students, married independent students without dependents other than a spouse, and independent students with dependents other than a spouse is the lesser of $4,000 or 35 percent of earned income.

6. Allowance for State and Other Taxes. The allowance for State and other taxes protects a portion of parents' and students' incomes from being considered available for postsecondary educational expenses. There are four categories for State and other taxes, one each for parents of dependent students, independent students with dependents other than a spouse, dependent students, and independent students without dependents other than a spouse.

Percent of Income Paid in State Taxes by State, Dependency Status, and Income Level

StateParents of dependent students and independent students with dependents other than a spouseDependent students and independent students without dependents other than a spouse
Income under $15,000Income $15,000 & upAll income
Alabama322
Alaska210
Arizona432
Arkansas433
California986
Colorado433
Connecticut985
Delaware543
District of Columbia766
Florida321
Georgia544
Hawaii544
Idaho544
Illinois653
Indiana433
Iowa543
Kansas433
Kentucky544
Louisana322
Maine653
Maryland876
Massachussets764
Michigan543
Minnesota765
Mississippi322
Missouri543
Montana543
Nebraska543
Nevada321
New Hampshire431
New Jersey985
New Mexico322
Start Printed Page 38071
New York1097
North Carolina543
North Dakota211
Ohio543
Oklahoma322
Oregon765
Pennsylvania543
Rhode Island654
South Carolina433
South Dakota211
Tennessee211
Texas321
Utah544
Vermont653
Virginia654
Washington321
West Virginia323
Wisconsin654
Wyoming211
Other211

Accessible Format: On request to the program contact person listed under FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT, individuals with disabilities can obtain this document in an accessible format. The Department will provide the requestor with an accessible format that may include Rich Text Format (RTF) or text format (txt), a thumb drive, an MP3 file, Braille, large print, audiotape, or compact disc, or other accessible format.

Electronic Access to This Document: The official version of this document is the document published in the Federal Register. You may access the official edition of the Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations at www.govinfo.gov. At this site you can view this document, as well as all other documents of the Department published in the Federal Register , in text or Portable Document Format (PDF). To use PDF you must have Adobe Acrobat Reader, which is available free at the site.

You may also access documents of the Department published in the Federal Register by using the article search feature at www.federalregister.gov. Specifically, through the advanced search feature at this site, you can limit your search to documents published by the Department.

Program Authority: 20 U.S.C. 1087rr.

Start Signature

Richard Cordray,

Chief Operating Officer, Federal Student Aid.

End Signature End Supplemental Information

[FR Doc. 2021-15217 Filed 7-16-21; 8:45 am]

BILLING CODE 4000-01-P