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Air Plan Approval; Missouri; Restriction of Emissions From Lithographic and Letterpress Printing Operations

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Start Preamble


Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).


Final rule.


The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is taking final action to approve a State Implementation Plan (SIP) revision submitted by the State of Missouri on November 10, 2020. This final action will amend the SIP to revise a Missouri regulation which restricts volatile organic compound emissions from lithographic and letterpress printing operations in the St. Louis Metropolitan Area. Specifically, the State has revised this rule in order to clarify rule applicability, update incorporation by reference information, update test method references, clarify definitions, and remove unnecessary words to improve clarity. Approval of these revisions will ensure consistency between State and federally-approved rules.


This final rule is effective on September 1, 2021.


The EPA has established a docket for this action under Docket ID No. EPA-R07-OAR-2021-0334. All documents in the docket are listed on the website. Although listed in the index, some information is not publicly available, i.e., confidential business information (CBI) or other information whose disclosure is restricted by statute. Certain other material, such as copyrighted material, is not placed on the internet and will be publicly available only in hard copy form. Publicly available docket materials are available through or please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section for additional information.

Start Further Info


Larry Gonzalez, Environmental Protection Agency, Region 7 Office, Air Quality Planning Branch, 11201 Renner Boulevard, Lenexa, Kansas 66219; telephone number: (913) 551-7041; email address:

End Further Info End Preamble Start Supplemental Information


Throughout this document “we,” “us,” and “our” refer to EPA.

Table of Contents

I. What is being addressed in this document?

II. Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision been met?

III. What action is the EPA taking?

IV. Incorporation by Reference

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

I. What is being addressed in this document?

The EPA is approving revisions to the Missouri SIP received on November 10, 2020. The revisions are to Title 10, Division 10 of the Code of State Regulations, 10 CSR 10-5.442 “Control of Emissions From Lithographic and Letterpress Printing Operations”, which establishes emission limits for volatile organic compounds (VOCs) from lithographic and letterpress printing operations in St. Louis City and Jefferson, Franklin St. Louis, and St. Charles Counties (hereinafter referred to in this document as the “St. Louis Area”). The provision at 10 CSR 10-5.442 is SIP approved in the Code of Federal Regulations at 40 CFR 52.1320(c).

These revisions, as discussed in section IV of the EPA's proposed rule, and the technical support document (TSD) in the docket for the proposed rule, are largely administrative in nature and do not have a negative impact on air quality (86 FR 27543, May 21, 2021).

The public comment period on the EPA's proposed rule opened May 21, 2021, the date of its publication in the Federal Register and closed on June 21, 2021. During this period, the EPA received no comments. The EPA is finalizing approval the revisions to this rule because it meets the requirements of the Clean Air Act and will not have a negative impact on air quality.

II. Have the requirements for approval of a SIP revision been met?

The State's submission has met the public notice requirements for SIP submissions in accordance with 40 CFR 51.102. The submission also satisfied the completeness criteria of 40 CFR part 51, appendix V. The State provided public notice of the revisions from May 1, 2019, to August 1, 2019, and held a public hearing on July 25, 2019. The State received and addressed five comments (four being from the EPA). As explained in more detail in the TSD which is part of this docket, the SIP revision submission meets the substantive requirements of the Clean Air Act (CAA), including section 110 and implementing regulations.

III. What action is the EPA taking?

The EPA is taking final action to amend the Missouri SIP by approving the State's request to revise 10 CSR 10-5.442, “Control of Emissions From Lithographic and Letterpress Printing Operations.” Approval of these revisions will ensure consistency between State and federally-approved rules. The EPA has determined that these changes meet the requirements of the Clean Air Act and will not have a negative impact to air quality.

IV. Incorporation by Reference

In this document, the EPA is finalizing regulatory text that includes incorporation by reference. In accordance with the requirements of 1 CFR 51.5, the EPA is finalizing the incorporation by reference of the Missouri Regulations described in the amendments to 40 CFR part 52 set forth below. The EPA has made, and will continue to make, these materials generally available through and at the EPA Region 7 Office (please contact the person identified in the FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT section of this preamble for more information).

Therefore, these materials have been approved by the EPA for inclusion in the State Implementation Plan, have been incorporated by reference by EPA into that plan, are fully federally enforceable under sections 110 and 113 of the CAA as of the effective date of the final rulemaking of the EPA's approval, and will be incorporated by reference in the next update to the SIP compilation.[1]

V. Statutory and Executive Order Reviews

Under the Clean Air Act (CAA), the Administrator is required to approve a SIP submission that complies with the provisions of the Act and applicable Federal regulations. 42 U.S.C. 7410(k); 40 CFR 52.02(a). Thus, in reviewing SIP submissions, EPA's role is to approve state choices, provided that they meet the criteria of the CAA. Accordingly, this action merely approves state law as meeting Federal requirements and does not impose additional requirements Start Printed Page 41407beyond those imposed by state law. For that reason, this action:

  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to review by the Office of Management and Budget under Executive Orders 12866 (58 FR 51735, October 4, 1993) and 13563 (76 FR 3821, January 21, 2011);
  • Does not impose an information collection burden under the provisions of the Paperwork Reduction Act (44 U.S.C. 3501 et seq.);
  • Is certified as not having a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities under the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 601 et seq.);
  • Does not contain any unfunded mandate or significantly or uniquely affect small governments, as described in the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995 (Pub. L. 104-4);
  • Does not have federalism implications as specified in Executive Order 13132 (64 FR 43255, August 10, 1999);
  • Is not an economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62 FR 19885, April 23, 1997);
  • Is not a significant regulatory action subject to Executive Order 13211 (66 FR 28355, May 22, 2001);
  • Is not subject to requirements of the National Technology Transfer and Advancement Act (NTTA) because this rulemaking does not involve technical standards; and
  • Does not provide EPA with the discretionary authority to address, as appropriate, disproportionate human health or environmental effects, using practicable and legally permissible methods, under Executive Order 12898 (59 FR 7629, February 16, 1994).

In addition, the SIP is not approved to apply on any Indian reservation land or in any other area where the EPA or an Indian tribe has demonstrated that a tribe has jurisdiction. In those areas of Indian country, the rule does not have tribal implications and will not impose substantial direct costs on tribal governments or preempt tribal law as specified by Executive Order 13175 (65 FR 67249, November 9, 2000).

The Congressional Review Act, 5 U.S.C. 801 et seq., as added by the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996, generally provides that before a rule may take effect, the agency promulgating the rule must submit a rule report, which includes a copy of the rule, to each House of the Congress and to the Comptroller General of the United States. EPA will submit a report containing this action and other required information to the U.S. Senate, the U.S. House of Representatives, and the Comptroller General of the United States prior to publication of the rule in the Federal Register. A major rule cannot take effect until 60 days after it is published in the Federal Register. This action is not a “major rule” as defined by 5 U.S.C. 804(2).

Under section 307(b)(1) of the CAA, petitions for judicial review of this action must be filed in the United States Court of Appeals for the appropriate circuit by October 1, 2021. Filing a petition for reconsideration by the Administrator of this final rule does not affect the finality of this action for the purposes of judicial review nor does it extend the time within which a petition for judicial review may be filed, and shall not postpone the effectiveness of such rule or action. This action may not be challenged later in proceedings to enforce its requirements (see section 307(b)(2)).

Start List of Subjects

List of Subjects in 40 CFR Part 52

  • Environmental protection
  • Air pollution control
  • Incorporation by reference
  • Volatile organic compounds
End List of Subjects Start Signature

Dated: July 22, 2021.

Edward H. Chu,

Acting Regional Administrator, Region 7.

End Signature

For the reasons stated in the preamble, EPA amends 40 CFR part 52 as set forth below:

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End Part Start Amendment Part

1. The authority citation for part 52 continues to read as follows:

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Authority: 42 U.S.C. 7401 et seq.

End Authority

Subpart AA—Missouri

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2. In § 52.1320, the table in paragraph (c) is amended by revising entry “10-5.442” to read as follows:

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Identification of plan.
* * * * *

(c) * * *

EPA-Approved Missouri Regulations

Missouri citationTitleState effective dateEPA approval dateExplanation
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
*         *         *         *         *         *         *         
Chapter 5—Air Quality Standards and Air Pollution Control Regulations for the St. Louis Metropolitan Area
*         *         *         *         *         *         *         
10-5.442Control of Emissions from Lithographic and Letterpress Printing Operations01/30/20208/2/2021, [insert Federal Register citation]
*         *         *         *         *         *         *         
* * * * *
End Supplemental Information


1.  62 FR 27968, May 22, 1997.

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[FR Doc. 2021-16218 Filed 7-30-21; 8:45 am]